Channel Myanmar 2016

Myanmar Canal 2016

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Vice-President U Nyan Tun unveils Farmer Channel Studio sign.

Farm Channel Studio goes into service

May 4, Nay Pyi Taw - Farmer Channel Studios was opened on Monday in the presence of U Nyan Tun, VP of the Agricultural Research Division in Jezin. After seeing the crop from a 50-acre Palethwe hybrids plantation in the d├ępartement, the VP revealed the studio's sign.

Trade Unions Secretary U Myint Hlaing, U Win Myint and U Kyaw Hsan sliced the tape to open the recording room. It was established with the goal of transmitting advanced farming technology, research and educational work, as well as interviewing and telegames to the farmer in good deed. He looked at Myanmar's documentary farm heritage on the sperm bench, as well as stands on land, rice and cereals, seeds, corn, beans and legumes, plant gene conservation, crop control, biotech and the use of watermel.

CDU/CSU minister U Myint Hlaing told the vice-president that since the benefits of the agriculture industry are less than in other industries, the government and agriculture are to jointly bring farm products to the markets.

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Born in West Des Moines, Iowa, Tom was educated at the Walter Cronkite Center of Mass Communication and University. During his three-year studies in Arizona, he completed an internship at CNN in DC and at NBC News in New York. He discovered his love of writing when he studied language and composition in high schools.

Watering canals: an open door for Myanmar fish farming

Manjurul Karim, program manager and researcher, leads a LIFT-funded fish farming at WorldFish. With over 25 years of aquacultural expertise, he has written more than 50 papers on the subject of acquaculture and agricultural policy. Manjurul graduated in Integral Farming Acquaculture from the Institute of Freshwater Fisheries at the University of Stirling, UK and received a Master of Science degree from the Department of Fisheries, Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Myanmar has 90 percent of its water body water resources in the Ayeyarwady Delta. In the last 10 years, brood stock productivity in this area has grown by 250 percent, fuelled by an increased yield and number of lakes (Feed the Future 2015). However, the rate of expansion was disproportionately high, leading to a high concentration in the acquaculture area.

By contrast, there are around 200,000 subsistential fishing stations in the river valley (average lake area 250 m2). There are two obstacles to the growth of small-scale pisciculture. Firstly, public rules are preventing the transformation of paddies into fishing lakes. The aim of this strategy is to focus on producing riceproducts, but it therefore hinders the growth of acquaculture.

A number of growers decide to evade the rules, while in other areas growers are not in a position to do so because the rules are rigorously respected. Secondly, uncertain use of the countryside prevents aquaculture companies from leasing private lands to construct fishing lakes, which is customary in many other Asiatic states. As a reaction to this, many homes have created small rear yard pools to breed for their own use.

A new way for aquaculture has arisen in the quest for opportunities to employ small farmers: watering canals. These canals ( "chan myaung" in the locals' language) run through the Ayeyarwady Delta and provide irrigated waters for crops and growing on the slopes. These small canals that run along the paddy paddies belong to the peasants through whose lands they run.

Some of the canals are already inhabited by wildfish such as wels, snake heads, tilapia, eel and bass, which some peasants capture and ingest. This proves that they are able to feed and evenvive. In order to identify the preferential types of fishery for breeding in watering canals, the programme contacted the municipalities.

The feedbacks from a participative joint assessment showed a preferential treatment for high-quality and well-liked seafood with good earnings opportunities on the domestic noisemarket. Myanmar's most widely cultivated seafood is rawu, a domestic type of carpfish that accounts for 70 percent of breeding production. By contrast, small numbers of endemic varieties such as bass, wels and snake heads are mainly available from savage springs and therefore sold at higher price.

Climber bass, for example, can more than doubling the price of the markets. In February 2016, in order to meet the needs of the owner of Chuan Manyaung, the fishery set up a fishery brooding program for sea bass (anabus testudineus). It is the first production of this seeds in Myanmar; in July 2016 wels and snake head seeds will also be made.

More than 500,000 creepers have been grown and will be handed out to the owner of Han Muayung and lake builders from the beginning of June. Chicyaung's proprietors breed these animals in the shadowy watering canals, which have been freed of beasts. In addition to the production of seeds, the scheme offers more than 500 growers education in the breeding of live cichlids and other prospective mammals.

The MYFC will first address lower -income families to make a living before progressively supporting growers in their marketing. It encourages growers to put the resources into the aquaculture sector for one six-month period before the resources are closed for six-month periods to make sure that there are no adverse effects on the natural world.

Results of this will be available by the end of 2016. With the successful rearing of small farmers in Chenyaung, WorldFish will work with the Department of Fisheries and the public sectors to create a seeds markets and expand the Ayeyarwady Delta area.

There is enormous scope for the use of watering canals to involve small farmers in pisciculture. There are already tens of thousand watering canals in the delta, and many small farmers find pisciculture appealing because it can generate high yields from fishing. This will allow channel holders to generate additional revenue and make use of nourishing seafood from acquaculture, a previously taboo area.

The use of farmed seafood allows canal owner to grow higher grade seafood and achieve a more even crop. As Myanmar's premier sources of wildlife proteins and essential sources of micro-nutrients, seafood is important for local nutrition. At present, the cultivation of seafood represents around 20% of local seafood intake (Feed the Future 2015).

The increase in aquacultural production will help the state to improve the quality of life and diet. It will also help to minimise the over-fishing of crabfish whose populations have been declining in recent years. Smallholders have a very important and realistic part in Myanmar's water garden. The search for ways to help resource-poor people meet the challenge of the adverse political climate will help livelihoods to become involved in fisheries and achieve beneficial results for the family, community and the state.

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