class="mw-headline" id="Etymology_and_pronunciation">Etymologie und Aussprache
Caribbean (, local) is a territory consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islets ( some encircled by the Caribbean Sea and others adjoining both the Caribbean Sea and the Northern Atlantic) and adjacent coastlines.... It is located in the southeastern part of the Gulf of Mexico and the Americas, eastern of Central America and northern of South America.
In geopolitical terms, the Caribbean islets are generally considered a sub-region of North America and are organised into 30 territory, among them independent states, overseas departments and interdependencies. From 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962, there was also a short-lived policy Union known as the West Indian Federation, which consisted of ten English-speaking Caribbean regions which were all dependent on Britain at the time.
Many of these countries continue to be represented by the West Indian crime teams. Caribbean" has several uses. Caribbean can also be extended to areas with close links to culture and history, but also to slave, colonization and the system of plantations. According to the United States Geoschema, the Caribbean is an independent area within the Americas.
The Caribbean Sea is the Caribbean Sea and the Caribbean Sea is the Caribbean's main archipelago. It borders the Gulf of Mexico, the Florida Strait and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, where it is located to the south. The Caribbean can concentrate its political efforts on socio-economic groups in the area.
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM), for example, comprises the Guyana Cooperative, the Republic of Suriname in South America and Belize in Central America as full members. Bermudas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Atlantic Ocean are associated members of the Caribbean community.
Commonwealth of the Bahamas is also located in the Atlantic Ocean and is a full member of the Caribbean Community. In the Caribbean Sea countries, geographical and climatic conditions vary: A number of islets in the area have a relatively shallow territory of non-volcanic origins. Among these are Aruba (with only low vulcanic characteristics), Curaçao, Barbados, Bonaire, the Cayman Isles, Saint Croix, the Bahamas and Antigua.
There are others with jagged, turret-high mountains such as the Saint Martin Island, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Dominica, Montserrat, Saba, Saint Eustatius, Saint Kitts, Saint Lucia, Saint Thomas, Saint John, Tortola, Grenada, Saint Vincent, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Trinidad and Tobago. As part of the West Indies West Coast banking group, the Virgin Isles sometimes belong to the Greater Antilles.
Located in the line of several large navigation lanes with the Panama Canal, which connects the West Caribbean with the Pacific Ocean, the Panama Canal is the most important maritime route in the world. Precipitation levels vary according to altitude, height and flow (cool climbs keep the ABC dry). Hot, humid Passat wind blows consequently from the eastern side and forms rainforest/semi-desert parts on mountain isles.
Infrequent north-westerly winds influence the northerly archipelago in winters. Throughout the year the territory benefits from the sun, subdivided into rainy and drought periods, with the last six moths of the year more humid than the first six-month period. The hurricane season is from June to November, but it occurs more often in August and September and more often on the Caribbean's northerly islets.
Cyclones, which sometimes hit the area, usually arrive north of Grenada and to the west of Barbados. One of the most important hurricane belts breaks off in the east Caribbean Sea just northeast of the Barbados Isle. Atmospheric temperatures are hot, in the 20' s and 30' s C (70' s, 80' s and 90' s F) during the year, varying from winters to summers only by 2-5 degree on the southern isles and about 10-20 degree differential can appear on the north isles of the Caribbean.
Nordic isles such as the Bahamas, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic can be affected in winters by continent massifs such as coldfronts. The Grand Anse Beaches, St. George's, All Isles were and will be a colony of major Europeans; some are over the sea or dependent:
Portugese West Indies - today's Barbados, known as Os Barbados in the sixteenth centuries, when the Portugese took the Isle on their way to Brazil. Hispaniola ( today Dominican Republic, Haiti (until 1659 to France), Puerto Rico, Jamaica (until 1655 to Great Britain), the Cayman Isles (until 1670 to Great Britain) Trinidad (until 1797 to Great Britain) and Bay islands (until 1643 to Great Britain), coast isles of Central America (except Belize) as well as some Caribbean coast isles Panama, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela.
Svedish West Indies - today French Saint-Barthélemy, Guadeloupe (short) and Tobago (short). Between 1958 and 1962 the UK unified the West Indies to form a West Indies Federation. West India's crime teams consist of the Guyana nations of Latin America, the only former UK continental population.
Furthermore, these nations divide the Universities of the West Indies as a single region. There are three major universities in Jamaica, Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago, a smaller Bahamian university campus and resident tutors in other places like Trinidad. Caribbean Island is characterised by the variety of its wildlife, mushrooms and flora and has been designated one of Conservation International's hot spots for its extraordinarily varied land and sea environments, which range from mountain fog forest to prickly pear forest.
It also contains about 8% (in area) of the world's reefs  and vast sea grass meadows , both of which are common in the flat sea areas of the archipelago and the continent's coastline. Much of the ecosystem of the Caribbean has been destroyed by forest destruction, environmental degradation and man-made interventions.
46 ] The hot spot contains tens of endangered species (from bird to mammal to reptile), mushrooms and herbs. Most of the Caribbean has population of mainly Africans in the Caribbean of France, the Caribbean of England and Wales and the Caribbean of the Netherlands; there are minority groups of hybrid breeds (including Mulatto-Kreol, Dougla, Mestizo, Quadroon, Cholo, Castizo, Criollo, Cambo, Pardo, Asian Latin Americans, Chindians, Chinese, Chocolate Paniols and Eurasiers); and Europeans of Spaniards, Dutches, English, France, Italy and Portugal.
Asians, especially Chineses, Indians and Javanese Indonesians, constitute a significant ethnic group in the area and also make a contribution to interracial societies. Spanish-language Caribbean has mainly interracial, Africa or Europe pluralities. The Puerto Rico has a major share in Europe with a mix of European-African and indigenous (tri-racial) populations and a large mulatto (European-West African) and Westafrican minorities.
Dominican Republic has the biggest interracial populations, descending mainly from Europeans, West Africans and Amerindians. English, French, Spanish, Dutch, Haitian Kreole and Papiamento are the dominant language of different European nations, although a few handfuls of distinct Kreole or Caribbean idioms can be found in practically every Caribbean state.
There are other Caribbean Hindustani, Mandarin, Chinese, Indo-Andonesian, Arabic, other Asian as well as Asian, Arabic, European, Hindi and Arabic as well as other Asian and Asian as well as Asian Arabic tongues. Christendom is the dominant religious belief in the Caribbean (84.7%). Further groups of believers in the area include Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Rastafarianism, Buddhism, China's popular faith (Taoism and Confucianism), Bahá'í, Jainism, Sikhism, Zorastrianism, Kebatinan, Ethnic Africa traditions, Ethnic America beliefs, Yoruba (Santería,
The Caribbean companies are very different from other companies in the West in respect of the scale, cultural diversity and level of citizen movement. 61 ] The present economical and politic issues, with which the states are confronted separately, are shared by all Caribbean states. Politically and economically, the aim of Caribbean states' integration into contemporary global politics is to actively engage the Caribbean states through joint alliances.
It was in 1973 that the first Caribbean regional ism was established in the Caribbean Basin by the progress of the English-speaking Caribbean countries through the CARICOM (Caribbean Common Market and Community) institution based in Guyana. Some scientists have spoken for and against a generalization of the Caribbean policy-making.
The Caribbean states are on the one side multifaceted in political terms, and range from communicationist regimes such as Cuba to more capitalistic Westminster-style parliamentarian regimes such as the Commonwealth Caribbean. Others have argued that these disparities are shallow and that they have a tendency to erode similarities in the various Caribbean states. Caribbean contemporaries seem to mirror a "mixture of old and new designs that produce hybrids that show significant textural variation and diverging constitution traits, but eventually appear to work in a similar way.
"63 ] The Caribbean states' politics have similar practice. In addition, the absence of interest from other large states encouraged regionally basedism. The Caribbean has been suffering from a shortage of US interest in recent years. Consequently, the number of US subsidies and investments in the Caribbean has decreased significantly.
The Caribbean states have also begun to work more actively with the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force and other tools to strengthen supervision of the off-shore industries. The Association of Caribbean States (ACS) is one of the most important organizations dealing with Caribbean Basin nation-to-regionism.
CARICOM's 1992 proposal for an ACS soon received the assistance of the other CARICOM States. ACS cultivates Caribbean regionism on matters that apply only to the Caribbean area. With the formation of coalitions such as ACS and CARICOM, localism has become an indisputable part of Caribbean policy and economy.
Although the success of regional development policies is still being discussed by academics, localism is still widespread throughout the Caribbean. These are some of the institutions that are shared by several islands: The University of the West Indies, Jamaika, Barbados, Trinidad und Tobago. Open Campus has 42 physic locations in 16 English-speaking Caribbean states.
The Lucadian archipelago is exempt from some Caribbean definition and is instead classed as the Atlantic; this is primarily a geographical and not a climatic or ecological one. Hop up to: a to " world population outlook: Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations, Population Division. Hop up ^ McWhorter, John H. (2005).
This is Oxford University Press US. p. 379. Allsopp, Richard; Allsopp, Jeannette (2003). Caribbean English dictionary. The University of the West Indies Press, S. 136-. Hop up ^ Engerman, Stanley L. (2000). "Caribbean Population History." It'?s a population story of North America. Combridge University Press. S. pp.
Hop up ^ Hillman, Richard S.; D'Agostino, Thomas J., ed. To understand the Caribbean today. Hop up ^ Asann, Ridvan (2007). Short story of the Caribbean (revised version). Hop up ^ Higman, B.W. (2011). Caribbean short story. Combridge University Press. p. xi. Skip up ^ "North America".
British Concise Encyclopedia; "...is connected to the Greenland mainland, the biggest isle in the word, and off-shore groups such as the Arctic archipelago, the Bahamas, the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the Queen Charlotte Islands and the Aleuts. "Climb up high ^ The world: Geographical Overview, The Word Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency; "North America is generally understood to encompass the Greenland Islands, the Caribbean Islands, and the southern isthmus of Panama.
" Hop up "Carib." Leap up ^ At the beginning of the twentieth centuries, only the third symmetrical accent was deemed right, according to Frank Horace Vizetelly, A Desk-Book of Twenty-five Thousand Thousand Words Frequently Mispronced in Funk and Wagnalls (1917), p. 233. Skip up ^ Loading Foged, Peter; Johnstone, Keith (2011).
Leap up ^ See e.g. Elster, Supra. Hop up ten Brink, Uri. Skip to top ^ "Summary of climatological standards 1981-2010" (PDF). Skip to top ^ "Climate data Aruba". Skip to top ^ "Average weather for Mayaguez, PR - Temperature and rainfall". World Weather Information Service - Havana.
Hop up " Casa Blanca, Habana, Cuba: Skip up ^ "SPP Background". North America Security and Prosperity Partnership. Skip up ^ "North American ecoregions". Environmental Protection Agency of the United States. Skip high ^ "What is the distinction between North, Latin, Central, Middle, Central, South, Castilian and Anglo-American? Unless otherwise indicated, the areas are taken from the "Demographic Yearbook Table 3: Demographics by Gender, Growth, Area and Density" (PDF).
The United Nations Statistics Division. The Bahamas are part of the West Indies, but they are not part of the Caribbean from a technical point of view, although the United Nations unites them with the Caribbean. Skip up to: a d e d e d e n s t i o n The Netherlands Antilles Central Statistical Office takes over your demographic projections.
Upward leap ^ Due to the continued activities of the Soufriere Hills from July 1995, much of Plymouth was devastated and governments moved to Brades. Since the Lucadian archipelago is not in the Caribbean Sea, but in the Atlantic Ocean, the Turks and Caicos Islands are part of the West Indies, but they are not part of the Caribbean from a technical point of view, although the United Nations connects them to the Caribbean.
Skip up ^ Mark Spalding; Corinna Ravilious; Edmund Peter Green (September 10, 2001). The University of California Press. Skip up ^ Littler, D. and Littler, M. (2000) Caribbean Reef Plant. Spring up ^ Minter, D.W., Rodríguez Hernández, M. and Mena Portales, J. (2001) Mushrooms of the Caribbean. Hop up ^ Kirk, P. M.; Ainsworth, Geoffrey Clough (2008).
Mushrooms Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary. Mushrooms from Cuba - Possible Endemics". cybertruffle.org.uk. Mushrooms from Puerto Rico - Possible Endemics". cybertruffle.org.uk. Mushrooms of the Dominican Republic - Possible Endemics". cybertruffle.org.uk. Mushrooms from Trinidad & Tobago - Possible Endemics". cybertruffle.org.uk.
Skip up to "North American Extinctions v. World". Hop up "Caribbean correal reefs." coral-reef-info.com. Hop up high ^ Hoegh-Guldberg, O.; Mumby, P. J.; Hooten, A. J.; Steneck, R. S.; Greenfield, P.; Gomez, E.; Harvell, C. D.; Sale, P. F.; et al. (2007). Hop high Caribbean Sea Buckthorn Reps can vanish within 20 years:
Skip up ^ Rogozi?ski, Jan (2000). Caribbean short story. Skip up ^ Rogozi?ski, Jan (2000). Caribbean short story. Hop up ^ Byrne, Joseph Patrick (2008). Leap up ^ Tabelle A. 2, Datenbankdokumentation, Bevölkerungsdatenbank Lateinamerika und die Karibik (LAC), Revision 3, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, 2005.
Skip to ^ Christianity in its global context Archive 2013-08-15 at the Wayback Machine. Skip up to: a b Serb, Andres (1994). "On the way to an association of the Caribbean states. Hop up "The U.S.-EU Banana Agreement." Hop to "No Armistice in Titan War". Hop up ^ "World: Get on "Care for Caribbean Farmers."
Spring high ^ Edmonds, Kevin (2012-03-06). "The ALBA is expanding its allies in the Caribbean." Hop up ^ "CANTO Caribbean Portal". Hop up Caribbean Educators Network. Hop up "Carilec". Hop up "About us". The Caribbean Hotel and Tourism Association. Skip up Caribbean Regional Environmental Programme. Hop up Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism.
Skip up ^ "Official website of the RNM". Hop up "University of the West Indies". Spring up ^ "West Indies Cricket Board WICB Official Website". Engerman, Stanley L. "A Population History of the Caribbean", S. 483-528 dans A Population History of North America Michael R. Haines und Richard Hall Steckel (Hrsg.), Cambridge University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-521-49666-7.
Contemporary Caribbean comprehension, London: American Caribbean transnationalism: Contemporary political culture in the Caribbean. The University of West Indies Press, 2003. Caribbean: short stories. Pattern of overseas influences in the Caribbean, Oxford University Press, 1972. Springer, Franklin W. The Modern Caribbean (University of North Carolina Press, 1989). Langley, Lester D. The United States and the Caribbean in the twentieth century.
The University of Georgia Press, 1989. Caribbean: A Story of the Area and its Peoples (University of Chicago Press; 2011); 660 p. ; Publications on the area since pre-Columbian times. Achievement and affiliation in the Caribbean diaspora.