Capital of ThailandThailands capital
The capital of Thailand?
The capital of Thailand, Krung Thep Maka Nakhon (Bangkok in English) is the country's biggest town. His full name is "Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit". It is also the biggest town of Thailand.......
Thailand's four capitals
During the first years before the first capital there was no land in Thailand. For about 140 years, Sukhothai, which means "Twilight of Happiness" in literal translation, was the capital of the Thai Empire. During this period Sukhothai and Ayutthaya coexisted as different empires. However, in 1378 Sukhothai died in an Ayutthaya raid, they were unified by a kingly matrimony in 1448 and eventually annihilated by Ayutthaya in 1583.
View a card of Sukhothai in 1300. Find out more about Sukhothai on Wikipedia. Aliyutthaya was a vast wealthy commercial town, which was finally plundered and burnt by an invading Myanmar military in 1767. The Ayuttaya state was a war state and had military invaded many neighbouring areas, among them Sukhothai, Chiang Mai, Angkor (from Cambodia), Laos, Malaysia, etc..
Myanmar and Ayutthaya had gone to battle several times without being able to conquer the other until 1767. Luckily for Thailand, Burma was also at sea with China and did not have to withdraw much later to rescue itself. A card of Ayutthaya was on display in 1400. Find out more about Ayutthaya at Wikipedia.
But after Ayutthaya was released and the capital was transferred to Thonburi, King Taksin obviously became insane. Or at least that was the cause of the putsch that cast a spell over him and put him to death to set up Rama I.
Allegedly Thonburi also had flood issues, which was an important part of the move. Even today Thonburi still has flood issues. More about Thonburi at Wikipedia. Thonburi and later Bangkok had the advantages of the capital's location both for military strategy against the Burmese and for proximity to the seaports.
In 2012 there was the question of relocating the capital again for flood protection purposes.