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Vienna (;rench accent: été french: t?àn ]) is the capital and biggest town of Laos, on the bank of the Mekong river near the Thai-Bord. In 1563 Vientiane became the capital because of fear of a Myanmar offensive, but was later plundered and in 1827 the Siamese (Thais) wiped it out.
Vientiane was the capital of administration during France's reign and has recently become the business centre of Laos due to its recent rapid expansion. The city of Vientiane is considered the home of the most important Lao nation monument: This Luang, a well-known Lao landmark and an interpretive Buddhist image in Laos.
There are also other important buddhistic churches in Laos, such as Haw Phra Kaew, who once accommodated the Emerald Buddha. Approximately 760,000 people live in the town in 2015. In December 2009, the town organized the twenty-fifth Southeast Asian Games to mark the 50th anniversary of the Southeast Asian Games.
Its name derives from Pali, the literary tongue of Theravada Buddhism. The name Vientiane, in contrast to Laos, which is pronounced on a phonetic scale, is ambivalent, although the name" Stadt aus Sandelholz" has the same intonation.
Many if not most maintain that the name of the town means "town of the moon", while many also rightly maintain that the name of the town means "town of sandalwood" because the words for "moon" (??? or ????? by ????? ??????? by ????? in Sanskrit) and "sandalwood" (??? or ????? by ?????? by ????? in Sanskrit) are spelled and spoken in the same way in Laos in fashion.
The majority of Lao scientific and historical springs maintain that the name of the town actually means "sandalwood town", strengthened by the name of the town Thai (???????????) and Khmer (?????????), both of which maintain the typology "sandalwood town". Vientiane " is of Romansh script and mirrors the difficulties of the people of France in expressing the /t? tone in the Laotianese.
Viangchan " is a popular English notation, sometimes also "Wiangchan". 3 ]:223 Viangchan became an important administration town, although it did not become the capital. In 1563, King Setthathirath founded it as the capital of Lan Xang to escape the Myanmar incursion. 4 ] When Lan Xang disintegrated in 1707, it became an autonomous kingdom of Vientiane.
When the civil war between the Royal Lao government and Pathet Lao erupted, Vientiane became instable. Conquering the capital in August 1960, Kong Le persisted in Souvanna Phouma becoming premier. Phoumi Nosavan then conquered the capital in mid-December, toppled the Phouma government and appointed Boun Oum as PM.
By mid-1975, Pathet Lao's forces were moving to the town and the Americans began to evacuate the capital. The 23rd August 1975 a group of 50 Pathet Lao wives freed the town. On 2 December 1975, the Pathet Lao Vientiane was taken over by the Lao People' s Democratic Republic, defeating the Kingdom of Laos and renaming the land Laos Democratic People' s Republic, ending the war.
On the next morning an uprising began in Laos in the jungles, with the Pathet Lao struggling fractions of Hmong and Royale. The accident-free Southeast Asia Olympics 2009 were hosted by Vientiane. The eighteen contests were removed from the preceding matches in Thailand due to the internal frontiers of Laos and the shortage of appropriate infrastructure in Vientiane.
The Vientiane is located on a curve of the Mekong River and thus constitutes the frontier with Thailand. The Vientiane has a savannah climat (Köppen Aw) with a pronounced rainy time and a arid time. In April the rainy period begins, which in Vientiane takes about seven month.
The Vientiane tends to be warm and moist all year round, although the temperature in the town is slightly colder in the arid period than in the rainy one. Patuxai, the statue erected between 1957 and 1968, is perhaps the most famous symbol of the town. Energy-packed guests can ascend to the top of the building for a panorama of the town.
The Vientiane is home to one of the three Laos lanes (the other two are in Luang Prabang and Pakse). First Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge, constructed in the 1990' s, traverses the Nong Khai 18 km downriver in Thailand and is the main link between the two states.
In 2007 the name of the name of the viaduct was officially altered to "First" after the second Friendship Viaduct between Mukdahan in Thailand and Savannakhet in Laos was opened in early 2007. There are non-stop buses every day between Vientiane and Nong Khai, Udon Thani and Khon Kaen. Wattay Airport serves Vientiane with flights to other destinations in Asia.
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