Capital City of ChinaChinese capital
Subprovincial towns have a lower rank than those of autonomous communities equal to those of province, but above other prefectural departments that are fully governed by their states. They are, however, labeled in almost all cards as the same as other province capital towns (or prefectural capital towns, if not even province capitals).
Even the capital city of these counties (Guangzhou, Shenyang, Jinan, Hangzhou) are subprovincial towns themselves (even before 1997, when Chongqing is a subprovincial city of Sichuan county, since Chengdu is subprovincial) except Fuzhou, Fujian.
The capital of China, where is China's capital?
Beijing, which means "northern capital" (from the symbols of China for northern and the capital ), is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous towns in the word. Peking is China's second biggest city after Shanghai - the 2010 Beijing Cadastre showed that the country's overall officially recognized resident populace was 19,612,368 - and is the country's center for politics, culture and education.
Beijing Capital International Airport is the second largest airport for passengers in the intercontinental region. The last of China's four major ancient capitals, Beijing has been the state' s central city for eight hundred years. It is famous for its sumptuous buildings, churches, gardens, graves, ramparts and doors, and its artistic heritage and colleges have made it the center of Chinese cultural and artistic life.
Only a few towns in the whole wide globe have long been the centre of such a large region, both politically and culturally. Peking is one of the largest Chinese metropolises because it shows the qualities of old and new China at the same one. Its first facets can be seen not only in the city' s many historical landmarks, but also in the large "Hutong", still characteristic old quarters.
This vibrant contemporary city can be seen walking around Guomao in the Chaoyang area, the main commercial area of Beijing and along Dongdaqiao Road or Jianguo Avenue. Currently Beijing Municipality consists of 16 municipalities, 14 of which are boroughs and suburbs and two of which are either local councils or local councils.
It is situated in China's northeast and the community of Beijing covers an area of 16 800 sqkm. The city is shielded by hills to the northeast, the northeast and the western hemisphere near the Great Wall of China. Peking has a rather arid, monsoon-influenced, moist mainland climatic conditions, characterised by warm, moist summer and mostly cool, breezy, dry-winter.
Evidence of early settlement in the Beijing community was found in the Dragon Bone Hill cave near the Fangshan district near the small hamlet of the Fangshan people. In 1153 the city became the capital of the land for the first the Yurchen Jin Dyinasty relocated its capital to Nanjing (also known as Yanjing, the city that is now Beijing) and renamed it Zhongdu, the "Central Capital".
However, it lost its fame when the city was sieged in 1213 by Genghis Khan's marching in Mongols' armies. In the two generation following, Kublai Khan ordered the founding of Dadu, a new capital for his Yuan dictatorship, next to the Jin-Ruinen. The city of Nanjing, a few hundred kilometers northerly, became the capital of the Ming.
In 1403 the city of Beiping became Shuntian - now Beijing. In 1406-1420 the building of the new royal palace, the Prohibited City, took place; this time was also responsible for some other main features of the city, such as the Temple of Heaven and Tian'anmen (although the space opposite it was not vacated until 1651).
In 1421, when everything was ready, Beijing became the capital of the kingdom (Jingshi) and Yingtian - now Nanjing - was losing much of its importance. Beijing had largely taken its present form by the fifteenth-century. Beijing is widely thought to have been the biggest city in the fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Peking has also been the scene of many important recent China historical incidents, especially the 2008 Summer Olympics. It has been chosen as the venue for the 2015 World Championships in Athletics. Peking is equipped with 6 airfields. Beijing Capital International is Beijing's most important international airfield about 20 kilometers north-east of the city center.
Further airfields in the city are Liangxiang, Nanyuan, Xijiao, Shahe and Badaling. Peking is a major hub in the Chinese train system. Beijing West Station, Beijing South Station and Beijing West Station are the city' s major train stops. Beijing Underground is the second longest underground in the city and there are almost 1,000 buses and trolleybuses in the city, four of which are high-speed buses.
There are also a large number of taxi services in the city around the clock. Peking has long been known for the number of bikes on its highways. Most of the city's major thoroughfares have a large number of bikers and most of the major thoroughfares have their own cycle paths.
In the historic centre of Beijing there is the Banished City, the huge grounds of the Ming and Qing Dynasty emperors' palaces; the Banished City houses the Palaces Museum. Around the Prohibited City are several former emperor garden, park and picturesque areas, especially Beihai, Shichahai, Zhongnanhai, Jingshan and Zhongshan.
Some of these places, especially Beihai Park, are considered a masterpiece of garden design in China and are beloved touristic places of noteworthy historic importance. The Tiananmen Square, directly opposite the Prohibited City, has several noteworthy places, such as the Heavenly Peace, the Qianmen, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of China, the Monument of the Heroes of the People and the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong.
Both the Summer Palace and the Old Summer Palace are situated in the west part of the city. One of the most famous places of worship in the city is the Temple of Heaven (Tiantan) in southeast Beijing, a UNESCO world cultural heritage site where the monarchs of the Ming and Qing monarchies came to heaven every year for a good year.
On the northern side of the city is the Earth Torre (Ditan), while the Sun Torre (Ritan) and Moon Torre (Yuetan) are located in the east and west parts of the city respectively. Also known temples are Dongyue and Tanzhe Temples, Miaoying Temples, White Cloud Temples, Yonghe Temples, Fayuan Temples, Wanshou Temples and Big Bell Temples.
It also has its own Confucius temple and a Guozijian or Imperial Academy. Constructed in 1605, the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is the oldest Catholic church in Beijing. Niujie is the oldest Beijing mosque with more than a thousand years of ancient origins. Peking contains several well-preserved marble and rocky marble pagods, such as the tall pagoda of the Tianning Temple and the pagoda of the Cishou Temple.
Beijing Ancient observatory shows pretelescopic realms from the Ming and Qing dynasty. Beijing Botanical Garden shows over 6,000 plant types. Taoranting, Longtan, Chaoyang, Haidian, Milu Yuan and Zizhu Yuan are some of the most important theme trails in the city. Beijing Zoo is a center of research in zoology, which also hosts unusual wildlife from different parts of the world, such as the huge China panorama.
Bejing has over a hundred musea. Besides the Palace Museum in the Prohibited City and the National Museum of China, the National Art Museum of China, the Capital Museum, the Beijing Art Museum, the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution, the Geological Museum of China, the Beijing Museum of Natural History and the Paleozoological Museum of China are other important musees.
The Thirteen Tombs of the Ming Dynasty, the magnificent tombs of thirteen Ming Empresses declared UNESCO World Heritage of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, are situated on the edge of Beijing, but within its area. Beijing Man archeological site in Zhoukoudian is another world heritage site within the community that contains a host of finds, including one of the first examples of Gay Eroectus and a collection of bone from the giant Pachycrocuta Brevirostis hyaena.
In addition, there are several parts of the UNESCO World Heritage Great Wall of China Site mainly Badaling, Yinshanling, Simatai and Mutianyu. The oldest mall in Beijing since the beginning of the Ming Empire, Qianmen is home to a hundred boutiques selling a wide range of goods. The Liulichang Road extends over 750 metres and its main focus in China's historic architectural boutiques is on selling old rare and antique items, old printed works, fine arts, painting, handicrafts, and more.