Candacraig MaymyoKandacraig Maymyo
Burma's summers capitol is one of the many legacy of colonial Britishism, and its attraction continues to attract visitors. He made Maymyo his withdrawal in the 1920', when Eric Blair (George Orwell) was a UK officer in Burma for five years (see MTE 725, 14-20 April 2014).
In Thomas Mann's 1924 masterwork The Magic Mountain, he drawn a parallel between the Alps and the Myanmar site created by the Brits. "Has Maymyo disappeared or can we still find evidence of a missing empire in Pyin Oo Lwin? UK style residences are proud to show powdery piano floors in their lobbies.
The Anglican church of 1912, constructed in the old town centre from imported bricks, is an important example of modernity. But nostalgia after an emperor's past is not the only interest of Pyin Oo Lwin today. What was the reason for founding a mountain railway terminal here?
In the 1901 Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States, we can read: "There is plenty of room for houses, and there are substantial flats. The Beth Ellis' An English Girl's First Impressions of Burmah (1899) is probably one of the most comprehensive reports on everyday living in Maymyo in the latter 1890s.
When she visited her sibling there, she was riding on an individual bangs into the mountains, "grabbing the dumpling in one hand and the big parasol in the other, because the heat of the day was awfully hot". Four-wheel wood wagons, which are still used by the tourist today, were imported by the Brits and compete with the classic Myanmar two-wheeler.
Gardening is still an important branch of the economy around Pyin Oo Lwin, which supplies most cathedrals for the Yangon hotel world. During the nineteenth and eighteenth centuries, colonists tried to build sanitaries in Southeast Asia, where Europeans could recuperate from the hot weather and disease without having to go home, and Maymyo was part of these efforts.
Britain's expatriates came for seasonsal alleviation not only from the material tribute of the rough weather, but also from the sociological and psychological tribute of an atypical and sometimes disturbing world. At Maymyo, they tried to create their own kind of exclusivity (but also claustrophobic) community in an environment of their own designs.
This city was created to look "British" in a frantic effort to create an man-made "home" in the tropical regions. Simultaneously, the Brits set up police bases and army cantons there. Thus, despite his call as an isolationist haven, Maymyo was deeply involved in Burma's UK empire and as a place of "colonial encounter" between the colonizer and the colonized.
The Maymyo was a place of sanctuary as well as a place of monitoring. There, the British tried to confront and break away from the rule they ruled: It is this idiosyncrasy that gives the top terminal its particular importance. Yangon's remoteness from the busy Rangoon region (450 km, i.e. 24 hrs in 1900) has not separated the British who visited the train stations from the Raj's increasing worries, although this was often their wish.
Firstly, it was the place where the British went to gamble, as they may have done at home in Bath or Brighton. Challenging businessmen, bold officials and dull homemakers who attended never-ending celebrations and gossips in the high rooms of the British Club (the stylish Candacraig/Thiri Myaing Hotel), constructed in 1904 and recently renovated.
Maymyo, a wholesome place to life, with a playing field, playing fields for playing football, playing football, playing football, playing football, playing football, playing football, playing football, playing football, playing football, playing football and more. Pyin Oo Lwin 18-hole-golfclub is still one of the best in Myanmar. In Maymyo, on the other side, the British, who wanted to re-establish their "Britanness", could examine and even transform themselves in their sometimes tricky role as the agent of imperialism.
The majority of reports tell of the urgent need for the British on vacation to free their experience, success and disappointment in Burma, tens of kilometres from London. The Maymyo was one of many mountain resorts in Southeast Asia: A complete listing of teas constructed under the British Raj covers Darjeeling, Simla and Nainital in India on the Himalayas, known around the world for their plantation of teas.
The mountain railway yards soon became - among many others - a fierce battle between the colonies of Europe in South-East Asia: Maymyo has probably less of a change than any other South East Asia mountain chair. Later on, the emperor's competitors turned to the archaeological area: the archaeological field:
The three most respected places of buddhistic pilgrimages in Southeast Asia are Bagan (British Burma), Borobodur (Dutch Java) and Angkor (French Cambodia). Inexpensive busses, pick-ups and shared taxes run from Mandalay to Pyin Oo Lwin (67 km, 2 hrs drive). When you have enough spare minutes, the Mandalay-Lashio slowly stopping at Pyin Oo Lwin railway stop - the line was constructed at the beginning of the twentieth ct. - one and a halfhrs.
The Kandawgyi Hill Resort, on Nandar Road near the National Kandawgyi Gardens in the south of the city, has 15 rooms in large and well-equipped detached cottages around a UK -era home (1921).