sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
Kalabar (also called "Canaan City") is the capitol of the Cross River State, Nigeria. 3 ] The town borders the Calabar and Great Kwa River and the streams of the Cross River (from its inner delta). Today Calabar is a big metropole with several cities like Akim, Ikot Ansa, Ikot Ishie, Kasuk, Duke Town, Henshaw Town, Ikot Omin, Obutong, Bakassi, Biase and Akamkpa.
Igbos from the neighbouring Igbo country were the most important ethnical group taken as slave from Calabar. It was the home of the first Nigerian charity in Nigeria, The Africa Group. Here the first matches of soccer, crime and ice hockey were played in Nigeria. The first in the town were the first Roman Catholic Mass (19 Bocco Street, Calabar - 1903) and the oldest Hope Waddell Training Institution (1895) in East Nigeria.
Nnamdi Azikiwe, who was voted the first president of Nigeria, later completed the secondary education. Every year, the Cross River State Christmas Festival draws national and international audiences in and out of the country. Further activities are the Calabary Carnival, a boating race, costume shows, a Christmas village, dancing and the Ekpe Festival.
Calabar has a climatic class of Koppen with a tropic climatic conditions of monsoons (Koppen: Am) with a long rainy period of ten month and a brief drought period of two month. Harmonattan, which has a significant influence on the West African meteorology, is much less prominent in the town. On average, Calabar lies just under 3,000 millimeters (120 in) of rainfall per year.
The Calabar has three main economic empires, namely the Qua Kingdom of Ejagham (Ekoi)/Bantu Source, the Efut and the Efik Kingdom. Qua Kingdom has the Ndidem of Qua Nations as Grand Patentriarch, Efut has the Muri mune as Grand Patentriarch, and the Efut Pattriarch of Efik Kingdom is known as Obong.
Efik's authoritative position on Obong is attached to a stand: A Creek Town consisting of Ambo, Cobham and Eyo; Old Town consisting of Obutong; and Duke Town, or Atakpa consisting of Duke/Archibong, Eyamba, Ntiero, Henshaw and Cobham. Every foot of this stand in one way or another was governed by a different Obong.
Over the past 100 years, a gentleman's accord has been achieved to fuse these three areas into a unified entity, with a unified nominal header as Obong, and to distribute or open the titles to all Efik stations. Obong of Calabar's titles had been given in the seventeenth centuries by Nsa Effiom and Ekpo Nsa; these two lords came from Henshaw Station.
The Henshaw's attempt to have a Obong led to a 1870 battle. Henshaws only achieved this status in the last 50 years, when David Henshaw became Obong. Bassey Ekpo Bassey's birthplace, Cobham Town, recently had his first and only Obong. Prior to Columbia, Calabar, initially known as Akwa Akpa, was a realm with the city of Calabar as seat of power, the Obong of Calabar as sovereign, and the Ekpe Privy Company as chair on which the Obong of Calabar sided.
Calabari peoples are mainly Calabari peoples from the Greater Calabari region - Calabar Sound, Calabar Municipality, Akpabuyo, Bakassi, Biase, Odukpani and Akamkpa, but as is customary in Nigeria, the word "Calabari peoples" could also include the indigenous peoples of Greater Calabria as well as the indigenous peoples of the Southeast Nigerian state, who are currently the Akwa Ibom State and Cross River State population.
The Calabar is the Eastern Naval Command headquarter. 14 ] The town has a new pilot class, the Nigerian Navy Secondary Schools, located in Akpabuyo, about 10 min by car from the international airports. These new schools complement the Nigerian Navy Primary Schools and Naval Officers Wives Association Primary Schools, both located in Ikot Ansa Calabar.
FEDERAL REPUBLIC NIGERIA: Population Census 2006 (PDF). Igbo and their Neighbours: Group Internal Affairs in Southeast Nigeria until 1953. "Population situation in the Cross River State of Nigeria and its impact on socio-economic development. <font color="#ffff00">-=www.nigeriagalleria.com.=- proudly presents Two princes of Calabar: Climate panel of Calabar / Nigeria (PDF).
Calabar religion: Religious life and the story of a Nigerian city. ikimedia Commons has content related to Calabar.