Burmese ElephantsMyanmar elephants
Dwindling forest and a bill passed three years ago banning the exports of wood in the rough have confronted Myanmar with an electioneering joblessness crises.
Many elephants have been kicked out of work and many do not handle it well. The elephants have an almost mystic place in Myanmar, where the biggest elephants in the whole elefant populace lives. They have been helping for centuries to recover valuable hardwood and hardwood from the jungle that even today's machines cannot yet get through.
Myanmar's top wild life researcher, Daw Khyne U Mar, has estimated that there are now 2,500 unemployed elephants, many of them here in the jungle of East Myanmar, about two and a half hour from the Thai frontier. This figure would raise the elephants' level of joblessness to about 40 per cent, as against about 4 per cent for the Myanmar population.
Grown elephants, each weighing about 10,000 lbs., feed 400 lbs. a female every night and, apart from circus and deforestation, have few employment options. The felling is exhausting. However, elephants are said that the elephants have stayed relatively sane. In 2008, a 2008 survey estimated that Myanmar elephants, who have a rigorous working and playing regime, lived twice as long as elephants kept in EU wildlife parks, at an average of 42 years of age, as opposed to 19 years for zoopets.
It is well known that elephants show a good eye for their work, say analysts, and the fact that they lose their jobs can be demoralising. Most Myanmar residents are on the up. After years of violent dictatorships, the country's economies are expanding at a rapid pace and its inhabitants are experiencing new freedom. For the elephants, however, the beginning of the democratic process here has been a change of fate.
Over the past few years, when the people of Myanmar were suffering under the rule of rule, elephants' lives were probably much less hectic. Army authorities followed a stringent labour law for elephants from the UK colonisation: eight-hour working hours and five-day working week, retiring at 55, compulsory motherhood holidays, holiday and good health services.
The elephants are still in motherhood camp and retiring groups run by the state. The labour law for elephants was largely complied with in a land where the most fundamental forms of welfare were lacking during the years of rule, not least because a revised bull is a very hazardous beast, say those who deal with it.
Every wooden elephant has its own textbook, which is administered by Myanma Timber Enterprise, a state-owned enterprise often called the initial. GAYGIA Mason, a co-author of the 2008 survey, said adiposity seemed to be an important contributor to the lower lifespan of pet elephants.
An ensuing trial showed that baby elephants borne in a zoo were 15 per cent more heavy than those bred in a lumber camp, she said. As the number of unemployed elephants increases with dwindling forest and timber economy, the authorities are examining the option of discharging some of the elephants into the wilderness.
The Wildlife Conservation Society's Wildlife Conservation Society elephants co-ordinator, Simon Hedges, said this was an "exciting opportunity". "But he and others warned that concern about the spread of disease by captured elephants to ferocious communities and overexploitation of settlements for foraging.
Elephants let their pets feed in the jungle on a regular basis and are often compelled to compensate the village inhabitants when the harvests are ingested. "There''s not much room in the jungle for them," said Mr. Chit Sein, the animal possessor. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Myanmar's forests have declined by 42% since 1990.
While they wait for a resolution, the elephants' owner copes with unemployment in various ways. Several of them have been selling their fees to business people in Thailand, where they are used in the Thai tourist industries, for example in wildlife shows and jungles. The export of elephants to Thailand without formal authorisation is technologically illicit, but elefant holders say that this happens with greater incidence.
However, other people say they can't stand the thought of their elephants for sale.