Burmese CultureMyanmar Culture
Atlas of cultures - Myanmar (Burma) Cultures
Burma has a long historical and multicultural heritage, which can be seen in its festivities (pwe), foods, remnants of past empires and churches. Most of the inhabitants are Bamar Buddhists, but there is an unbelievable range of cultures. It is particularly evident in Burma's immigrant communities around the world. In spite of different cultures and practices across different ethnical and religions, there are some shared beliefs that can be ascribed to most individuals in the state.
Respectful, kind, good-humoured and tolerant persons are typical characteristics of the group2. Most of Burma's inhabitants are Bamar tribes (also known as Burman or Myanmar). While about 68% of the world' s inhabitants are of this dominating race, the rest of the third of the nation comprises over 130 different groups and subgroups, each with their own dialects and religions.
Therefore, any generalization of Burma's civilization that links them to the Bamar minority risks misrepresentation of many different practices and tradition practiced by minority groups, many of which are tribal. The Bamar, for example, usually reside on the top and middle levels, in seven different areas or "divisions".
Meanwhile, each of the seven biggest ethnical minority groups has an assigned state, mostly in the mountain area. The groups are Chin, Kachin, Karen (or Kayin), Karenni (or Kayah), Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Other unconstitutional ethnical groups living among the large ethnical groups, such as the Chinese and Panthay communities in Burma, the Indians of Burma, Rohingya, the Gurkha and the Anglo-Burmese.
Aboriginal origin gives the Myanmar population a powerful feeling of identification and allegiance. It should be noted, however, that not every ethnical group is necessarily homogenous. There are, for example, over 60 different languages/dialects that are used among the Chinese. Sometimes they have a close connection to a particular race or group within their group.
The book discusses basic Buddhist and Bama Batha Buddhist beliefs (Therav?da). Therefore, generalizations that describe this dominating civilization may not be of relevance to many individuals who are ethnic minorities and religious and speaking minorities' tongues. Nonetheless, some of Burma's linguistic heritage is evident in most parts of the state.
Most ( if not all) Myanmar citizens, for example, show profound respects for their elderly, dressing humbly and acting with confidentiality towards the opposite sex. Discreet, mediocre behavior is also typical of Burma's nature (more on this in the following section). In general, Myanmar residents have a tendency to keep a humble and peaceful atmosphere.
Likewise, individuals can loose face if they are criticized or behave inappropriately in social terms. As an example, humans prevent exaggerated depictions of adverse feelings (e.g. rage, egoism) or social outbreaks. In Myanmar, one of the greatest ways to loose face is to be rejected, criticized or rejected by a young man (e.g. a kid or a subordinate).
Whilst individuals are put into temporary embarrassment, small leaks seldom cause lasting harm to their image, as is the case in some other civilizations. In Myanmar, taking other people's emotions into account is vital. They are very sensitive individuals and have a tendency to take a face-to-face attitude. This kind of emotive investing means that Myanmar residents seldom look for an impartial assessment of their own situation; the counsel of an older member of the household or a friar is usually preferable to that of a counselor.
In addition, respondents are required to be sensitive in challenging situations. Burmese are always aware of whether their acts could insult, abash or harass other inmates. The word ah-nar-de stands for the lack of willingness of many Burmese to stand their ground or to intervene in the business of others. If you ask a Burmese, for example, what he would like to have, he could say, "Everything is fine," to prevent embarrassment by asking you for something you may not have.
Of course, this has its exemptions (for example, ethnical minority groups have questioned the domination of the ethnical majority), but in everyday life individuals generally watch the distance of domination between members of the community and obedience to their masters. Burmese are always supposed to bow to their oldest. In the 2014 survey, 30% of Myanmar's population was living in city areas, while the vast majority of Myanmar's population (70%) was living in outbuildings.
Individuals are unlikely to be travelling outside their own cities or regions to discover the remainder of the world. Nevertheless, the Burmese seem to belong to the more individualist mindsets in Southern Asia. Burma has a story of multi-ethnic intolerance and exchange. The colonialist period, however, emphasized the ethnical disparities that caused tension between the Bamar minority and the tribal minority.
They differentiated the educated Buddhist Bamiar majoritarian group from the (often uneducated) mountain ethnical groups and practiced basically a politics of "division and domination". She claimed that the ethnical pluralism of the Myanmar people represents Myanmar's cultural identityt. While the mind of the land has been associated with Buddhism (the traditionally Bámar religion), minoritarian faiths are seen as a alien occupation.
These nationalisms marginalized the mountain ethnical groups and many ethnical groups that had been pledged isolation never got them (e.g. the Karen, Karenni, Mon and Shan). As a result, ethno-religious aggression emerged and eventually caused some minoritarian groups to mobilize as rebel armies for self-determination against Bamira nazism.
In general, the Myanmar population is a peaceful, lazy group. Myanmar has fought for its own personal liberty, in parallel to the racial tension and its overlay. Much of the struggle took place along ethnical borders (between the Bamar militia and the rebel minorities), while the majority of the population of Burma were somewhat united in their resistance to the savagery of the army rule, regardless of nationalities.
In recent years, the state has made gradual progress towards liberalization. It is attacked by both the armed services and Islamic radicals and cannot be a citizen of Myanmar, which means it is not subject to anti-discrimination-law. Widely held assertions have been made by non-governmental organizations (including the UN) that a trial of racial cleanup by members of the armed services is afoot.
It' s not uncommon for the Myanmar community to show open animosity towards its ethnical and worship identities. Unfortunately, day-to-day living in Myanmar has been severely disturbed and affected by the domestic military conflicts. It is likely that many of those who have emigrated to other countries are familiar with the effects of this force, as a large part of the Myanmar community has never seen a peaceful situation in their state.
In spite of the violent events that have afflicted their land, the people of Burma are generally very peace-loving and have an unbelievable feeling of hope for the bright ahead. Although riches are a good thing, they are not the target for most people. As a rule, people in Burma are very tolerant and stoical under tough conditions. It is a little bit ascribed to the country's intellectuals.
In fact, the doctrines of Therav?da Buddhism regard the quest for vengeance as wicked and encourages human beings to be forgiving. Burmese religious fundamentalism can lead to a fatalist state. Therefore it is known that humans are quite stoical and intolerant in complicated circumstances, as this declaration of the problem can give them the feeling that they are deserving of suffering.
In Myanmar, this laid-back and tolerant posture has also influenced the way we deal with the world. As a rule, there is no rush and there is a tendency to do things at a more sedate rate. The Burmese often stop with this timeliness to help or to put more energy and efforts into the interaction.
Thee Khan " (patience) is a central value in Myanmar and generally do not like being pressured. Myanmar was formerly known as Burma and demonic Burmese is still the most widely spoken point of referral in Australia. The following profiles will describe the land as Myanmar, while it calls its inhabitants "Burmese".