Burma Wikipedia HistoryMyanmar Wikipedia History
Burma - Wikipedia, ang mansiklopedya
In Myanmar, o Ang Repulika ng Unyon ng Myanmar (internasyunal: Republic of the Union of Myanmar), Kaisahan ng Burma, ay ang pinakamalaking bans (sa sa sacop pang-heograpiya) sa lugaing ng continents ng Timog-silang Asya. Burma is one of the most populous countries in the world, with the largest population of Tibet, Tsina, and India.
If you decide for the Mega Pangkatze and the Mega Kasalukuyang Birmano. Panininiwalaang and Kahariang Pagan and Kahariang Burma. Anawratha sa religiyong Buddhism. Anawratha, in Burma ay beautiful naggingahina.
That means we're on our way to Kaharjan. The Buyin Naung and Muing nakapagbalik ng pagkakaia was empowered to build a cab shelter in Burma in 1581. There is a panic in Burma (o Myanmar) as well as a large number of Thai and Indian people, including Ramayana.
From Burmese, to Timog-silang Asya (e.g. Thai, Khmer), ay biniram in my mother tongue P?li until Sanskrit. In Latin it''s like a Myanmar bong. Macatutulong ka sa Wikipedia sa parapalawigitto.
Myanmar History - Wikipedia
In the four historic cities of the countryside, the history of the town was continued: Oberburma, Unterburma, Arakan and the Shan-States. Most of the annals did not survived the countless battles of the land and the test of years. 2 ] The most comprehensive surviving chronologies are those of the Upper Burmese dictatorships, with the oldest surviving chronology from the 1280s and the first set of standards from the 1720s.
Only in 1724 did the first extensive manuscript come into being. The following journals were strongly affected by the first one. Hmannan's second part, also known as the Second History, was published between 1867 and 1869 by another scholarly group. According to Htin Aung, the second report on the history of the two World War I and II was published "with the objective mind of a real historic, and the great losses of the nation were described in detail.
"The posthumously named "Bodawpaya" ("King's Grandfather") and "Bagyidawpaya" ("King's Fatherly Uncle") were established in this book; the Magi were the grandfathers or uncles of King Mindon, who had ordered the book. Below is a listing of default chronics with two noteworthy notations. Although formally ordered by King Bodawpaya, Yazawin Thit was not approved by Konbaung Farm as an offical record.
It' contained in this enumeration because Hmannan maintains many of the fixes of Yazawin Thit. Similarly, Konbaung Set Yazawin or Hmannan Yazawin Part III was drafted after the abolition of the empire, and thus not officially. Eigyin, Mawgun and Thanbauk, with their poetic images and exaggerated exaltation, are of great literary value but of restricted historic value.
85] Some of the statesman celebrated writing in writing are: A 1899 study by U Gaung listed a list of 36 Dhamathats that had somehow survive. There are many ancient churches and churches in the land, mostly inscribed in stones and/or bells, named Theamaing. It provides important historic information about the royal family's and the rich donors' devotions.
Every tamaing claims to give the story of the foundress of the edifice and its ensuing benefactor. Furthermore, some scholarly Buddhist friars also chronicled the history of Buddhism from the Buddha period to the present tense. There are two well-known chronicels of religion: Just 1/7 refers to the history of Burma, as it was intended as a supplement to the Ava farm's history, which has not survived.
Generally, parabaics contain non-religious material such as medical science, math, cosmonomy, aesthetics, astrology, history, socioeconomic affairs, poesy, etc.. and are much more important for the studies of Burma's history. While Zatadawbon contains the government data of the monarchs from Pagan to Konbaung, Yazawin Kyaw deals with religion. The Zatadawbon is the oldest preserved chronicles, the first parts of which were probably made around 1285.
Yazawin Kyaw (1502 and 1520) is the next preserved history. See (Thaw Kaung 2010: 13-37) about the chroniclers and photocopiers, many of whom were friars and came from outside Ava (the capital). See (Aung-Thwin 2005: 121-153) for a more in-depth review of how chronics have been modified, which includes all journal standards and all known mon chronics.
See (Lieberman 2003: 188-190) on illiteracy levels in pre-colonial Burma. 5 percent of all grown men (25 years and older) in Upper Burma were educated. In a 1901 survey, only 5. 5% of Burmese womens were educated, although the incidence was higher for Burmese mothers.
Burma was "the educated state between Suez and Japan," according to early UK commentators, and an early 19 stc. UK analyst "believed that Burma had a higher rate of alphabetization than Angl. He also referred to Zinme Yazawin (Chiang Mai Chronicle). This would not have been a history of history abroad, because at that point Chiang Mai or Lan Na was another Shan state in Burma, albeit the biggest and most important.
Only a part of the Ananda Chandra epigraphs was translatable into English in 1930 and into Burma in 1975. Thai notes were destroyed in 1767 when Ayutthaya was plundered by Burma's royal army. Thus the re-constructed history of Siam was an excerpt of famous incidents and their timeline postponed by years.
Though a number of academics of Burmese descent voiced their rejection of the dominant interpretations of the time in the works of Myanmar, Htin Aung was the first academician to question the then English-focused, mostly English-speaking, scholarly notions. On Htin Aung's responsibility for the prejudices of the fellowship, see (Htin Aung 1967: 341-344). Aung was sharply criticised for his criticisms.
Cf. (Hall 1968) for Hall's devastating answer and (Htin Aung 1970) for his "Defense of Chronicles" as an answer. Aung ( "Hla Pe 1985) criticises Htin Aung for what Hla Pe thought were the straight assaults on G.H. Luce (Htin Aung 1970); (Aung-Thwin 2005: 295) finds some of Htin Aung's "rebuttal, especially of Luce's argument quite convincing"; overall, Aung-Thwin describes Htin Aung's defense of the journals as "a sensible criticism" of the then prevalent opinions, but "none that substantially drove the area forward in relation to harshata.
Burma's folk tales: The University of Hawaii Press. "and the Ava period in Burma's history." This is the Journal of Asian Studies. Cambridge: The Cambridge University Press. Legend of Lower Burma (illustrated edition). The University of Hawaii Press. Sai Aung Tun (2009). The history of Shan State:
"The Working People's Daily" (PDF). "Livin' Bibliography of Burma Studies." "Livin' Bibliography of Burma Studies." Late-pre-colonial Burmese literature and "Burman Ness". Buddha literature and the Burmese dynasty in 1752-1885. Michigan University. I' m dean, government printing. Southeast Asian Studies Institute. Burma's lost kingdoms: The orchid press.
Myanmar (3rd ed.). The Hutchinson University Library. Historian of Southeast Asia. The Oxford University Press. "by Maung Htin Aung Aung". This is the Journal of Asian Studies. University of Michigan. doi:10.2307/2051625. The Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States, Teil 1. Burma Printing administration. Burma's history:
Koninklijk Historical Commission of Burma (1832). Hmanan Yazawin (in Burmese). Burma: Literary, Historiography, Science, Language, Life and Buddhism. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Maung Htin Aung (1967). It' a story of Burma. The Cambridge University Press. Maung Htin Aung (1970). Myanmar history before 1287: Defending the chronics. Archeological Landscapes of Upper Burma until 1300 A.D.".
Sydney University. "The Journal of the Burma Research Society". aha Yazawin Gyi (in Burmese). 1-3 (2006, 4. edition). "What is the reliability of U Kala's Burmese chronicle? of Southeast Asian Studies. The Cambridge University Press. Edited by Anthony Reid "The 17th century in Burma: The Cornell University Press. The Cambridge University Press. "Development of Legal Concepts in Burma and Siam" (PDF).
Yazawin Kyaw (in Burmese) (2006, fourth edition). Padaeng Chronicle and the Jengtung State Chronicle translate. Michigan University. Department of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University: 7-23. Burma's History - The River of Lost Steps. Ayedawbon ("Razadarit" in Burmese) (8th edition, 2005 ed.). The History of Burma (1967).
Nan-Chronicle (illustrated). Publications of Cornell University SEAP. Yazawinthit Rakhine Kyan (in Burmese). Yazawin Ketumadi Taungoo (in Burmese) (2nd edition). Aung Sarpay. "Writer of inscriptions and historian". Burmese Myanmar Vista Research Magazine (in Burmese). Burma/Myanmar: What everyone needs to know. The Oxford University Press. "Historical Fiction of Myanmar and its Historical Context" (PDF).
University Chulalongkorn (3). Studied the history of Burma (in Burmese). of Myanmar's history and culture. "South East Asiatic historiography." History of historic letter in Oxford: The Oxford University Press. p. 752. Re-released Global History of History (illustrated edition). Cambridge, Great Britain: Cambridge University Press. Chronicle Chiang Mai. Publications of Cornell University SEAP.