Burma Valley of Temples

Myanmar Valley of Temples

Tempel and pagodas of every age and every size. One Thousand Temples of Bagan, Myanmar On the bank of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River, in the Mandalay region of Burma, is the old town of Bagan. It was the capitol of the Pagan Empire and the centre of the pagan empire's world. Throughout the reign of the empire between the eleventh and thirteenth century, the rich pagan emperors erected tens of thousand temples in the Bagan Plain.

More than 10,000 buddhistic temples, couples and convents are thought to have once been located on this 100 sq km plains in the centre of Myanmar, of which the remnants of over 2200 temples and couples have been preserved to this date. In the middle of the ninth millennium, under King Anawratha, who united Burma under Theravada Buddhism, Bagan became a key power base.

In the course of 250 years, Bagan's emperors and their rich subject established over 10,000 sacred memorials in the Bagan Plain. This affluent town has grown in both scale and scale and has become a centre of ecclesial and profane research. Buddhist friars and scientists from India, Ceylon and the Khmer Empire came to Bagan to learn prosodia, phonetics, grammar, astronomy, ancient Greek language, ancient languages, ancient languages, alchemy, medical science and legal science.

Bagan's Golden Era ended in 1287, when the kingdom and its capitol were conquered and plundered by the Mongols. Resettlement was cut down to a small town, which was left in the remains of the once-bigger town. There were new sacred relics until the middle of the fifteenth centuary, but afterwards the temples decelerated to a rivulet with less than 200 temples erected between the fifteenth and twentieth cenotaph.

While the old city remained a place of worship, the pilgrimages concentrated only on the most important temples. Most of the remaining tens of thousand of less well known, remote temples went to ruin, and most did not make it through the test of an age. Today only a few dozens of temples are still maintained on a regular basis.

During the 1990' the regime tried to repair many of these corrupted rams, but the neglect to maintain the initial style and use of contemporary material was condemned by international conservationists and conservationists. The Bagan Prize was paid for the government's irresponsibility when UNESCO refused the town as a World Heritage Site because of the unhistorical restoration of the temples, although the administration believed that the hundred unrenovated temples and large stony engravings of the old capitol were more than enough to receive the award.

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