Burma to MyanmarMyanmar in Burma
University of Oxford, Myanmar
Those old Bagan, Myanmaragodas. Rawlins signs a MOU with Yangon University. Burmese academia are struggling to stimulate learning and impart the skills the country needs to thrive after decade-long decay. Myanmar needs to modernize its policy system, its legislation and its economies and begin the social upheaval.
It is important that this change in tectonics begins with a better formation. The University of Oxford has no opinion on the proper name for the land known as "Burma" and "Myanmar" or for the town known as "Yangon" and "Rangoon".
Myanmar v Burma - European Commission
After 50 years of dictatorial dictatorship, Myanmar/Burma is undergoing a notable transformation that is taking place at a speed. The EU is now fully associated with the Myanmar/Burma authorities following the lifting of most of the EU's restrictions in May 2012. The main objective is to help a legitimately civil administration to promote socioeconomic growth with respect for respect for fundamental freedoms and to restore ties with the global population.
The EU's aid policy supports the objectives of the civil administration to achieve integrated, sustained economic and social progress and economic prosperity for the entire Myanmar/Burma people. The EU's aid has more than redoubled its value and increased its room for manoeuvre. Commissioner Piebalgs paid a visit to Myanmar in February 2012 and announces a ?150 million plan for the country's democracy reforms and integrative regional policy-making.
The meeting included several high-level meetings, among them a forum for developing under the chairmanship of Commissioner Piebalgs, discussing EU aid and country developing challenge, and led to a joint statement by the EU High Representative, Catherine Ashton, and President U Soe Thein. Up until 2012, EU aid to Myanmar/Burma focused on combating deep-rooted levels of structured misery, notably through co-operation with NGOs and UN-organisations.
The funds have also been channelled to civic organizations to support transformation and the protection of people. Against the backdrop of the opening of the state and the government's obligation to undertake reforms, the EU reacted quickly by significantly raising the volume of aid. Andris Piebalgs, European Commissioner for Development, paid a visit to Myanmar/Burma in February 2012 to examine the changes and choices for the new 150 million aid envelope.
To be issued in 2012 and 2013, this plan will build on current assistance for healthcare, training and subsistence, improve the performance of the administration and promote democracy, inclusion and the peacemaking world. These goals, which are of great importance for Myanmar/Burma, are also in line with the new EU context for EU aid policies defined in the agenda for change.
This new financing increases the volume of promotional loans to around ?200 million. Myanmar/Burma's comprehensive European Union framework for Myanmar/Burma of July 2013 sets out the EU's objectives and priority areas for establishing a sustainable relationship and fostering a stronger commitment. The report states that the Member States' and the EU institutions' administrations will cooperate in planning their aid programs.
To this end, the EU is fully involved in the co-ordination effort of local partners in the Nay Pyi Taw Agreement of January 2013 and is working on common programming of EU and Member State programming of EU and Member State level developments with a common strategy of the EU and Member States. The entire EuropeAid contribution to co-operation and co-operation will be developed and complemented in full co-operation with the EU's Directorate-General for ECHO and ?100 million of the ?150 million have been earmarked in 2012.
The programme builds on the EU's current educational and public policies to improve the livelihood. It also supported refugees who have been driven out because of the countless racial disputes in the area. There is a governance capability building pack and ongoing programs to empower civic organizations, which include those dealing with HRD.
This is the first bilateral program with the authorities since the lifting of the restrictions and will help the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Planing to enhance public sector statistic, programming and environment policies. It will also be used to allow Burma/Myanmar to fully reap the benefits of the reintroduction of EU preferential tariffs - the Generalised System of preferences - allowing duty-free³d. The EU will also use the Capacities Development Scheme to help Burma/Myanmar to take full advantage of the EU's tariff-free³d.
Continued assistance to civic organizations under the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) and the Non-State Actors Programme (NSA) - a total of ?5 million. Strengthening civic organizations to oversee reform and transitions, combat discriminatory (ethnic) tension and observe the election processes at home.
In 2013, a global amount of 50 million is earmarked for longer-term trade and private sector and ethnic peace, climate change and increased assistance to civilian societies. An ethnic peace and developpment assistance program starts with ?25 million. In addition, there is a climate change agenda (?4 million) started in 2013 and other measures to reinforce the role of CSOs.
In the framework of the EIDHR, new measures could further assist the Union Electoral Commission (UEC), the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), parliamentary committees, the press, etc. Conclusion: The commitment of the authorities to the questions of the peacemaking processes has been given high priorities, and advances in this area are the keys to integrated and sustained economic development that can enhance the livelihood s and improving the lives of the entire people.
Myanmar peace centre (MPC) was founded by the Myanmar authorities with the aim of ensuring sustainable peaceful and prosperous communities in the tribal areas after many years of war. Commission President José Manuel Barroso, during his November 2012 trip, promised EU assistance and indicated that the Mediterranean partner countries would benefit from the Stability Instrument.
Supplementary aid for the peace process and regional ethnical developments (?25 million) will supplement the aid provided under the Instrument for Stability. National groups have also been supported to facilitate their involvement in cease-fire discussions and policy negotiation and agreement. These include a more comprehensive and longer-term set of ?13 million for trade, investment and private sector deployment.
This could involve capacity building, technical aid and supporting the ASEAN economic community until 2015. For 2014-2020, the European Commission has put forward the following key areas for aid to Myanmar/Burma: Countryside developement, education, governance and supporting peace-building. The budget for the next programme is expected to increase significantly, up to ?90 million per year.
EU and its Member States are preparation of a 2014-2020 Myanmar/Burma assistance programme based on the government's economic and social reform framework (FESR) roadmap.