Burma SizeMyanmar Size
United States vs. Myanmar
Myanmar is the twenty-fourth biggest nation in the whole wide globe with 55,746,253 inhabitants. With an area of 676,578 km2, it is the biggest nation in the whole 40. For 62 years (1824-1886) Britain captured Burma and integrated the land into its Indian Empire. Myanmar was governed as a provincial government of India until 1937, when it became its own self-governing settlement; in 1948, Burma gained sovereignty over the British Commonwealth.
Gen. NE WIN ruled the administration from 1962 to 1988, first as army leader, then as self-proclaimed chairman and later as king of politics. As a reaction to the wide-spread civilian riots, NE WIN retired in 1988, but within a few month the army broke the students' demonstrations and took over. In 1990, multi-party ballots resulted in a landslide win for the National League for Democracy (NLD).
Rather than surrendering control, the AUNG SAN placed SUU KYI (ASSK) under internment from 1989 to 1995, from 2000 to 2002, and from May 2003 to November 2010. At the end of September 2007, the governing regime violently repressed protest against the higher pro-democracy activist and Buddhaist monk leadership on propellant oil slicks, killed at least 13 and arrested tens of millions for taking part in the rallies.
At the beginning of May 2008, Cyclone Nargis hit Burma, leaving more than 138,000 wounded and ten thousand wounded and displaced. In spite of this drama, the Burmese government continued its recent political constitutional referendum in May, the first ballot in Burma since 1990. In the November 2010 general election, which many in the global political arena regarded as a mistake, the governing Union Solidarity and Development Party received over 75% of the votes.
In January 2011 the Assembly met and elected the former Prime Minister THEIN SEIN as Chairman. Though the overwhelming majority of the persons appointed by THEIN BE are former or present soldiers at the nation state, the federal administration has introduced a range of policy and economical reform measures that have led to a significant opening of the long insulated state.
Among these reform measures are the possibility for the ASSK to challenge by-elections in parliament on 1 April 2012, the release of hundred free leaders, the conclusion of provisional peacemaking treaties with ten of the eleven main eleven main civilian groups, the adoption of legislation to ensure better protection of fundamental humanitarian freedoms, and the gradual removal of limitations on the freedoms of the media, associations and of citizens.
The ASSK is now an electoral member of parliament and chairman of the Committee on the Rule of Law and Rest, at least in part because of these reform efforts. The majority of them have started to build their institution to prepare for the next round of parliamentary election in 2015. It is the chairman of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) for 2014.