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of the Union of Burma.
ilsa: Hilsa: It' the fishy one they love to die.
Myanmar fishers have been fishing and selling Myanmar's pelagic cod for centuries, but Ko Ko Ko Aung of the BBC has reported that over fishing and bad regulations are taking a dreadful toll. However, the fishing industry in Myanmar is still in the process of over-fishing. "We' ve been capturing her for years. Back then the size of the fishing was big and we fished a lot. "but there are fewer fishies and they're getting smaller.
Bilisha (Tenualosa ilisha) - a kind of India kipper - was plentiful in the water along the Bay of Bengal. Myanmar's most exposed species were those taken in the open wilderness, but this is no longer the case as resources have been declining in recent years. The BOBLME - an intergovernmental alliance between the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the regional government - puts the value of the global food and agriculture sector at more than $2 billion (£1.5 billion).
From the Gulf of Bengal, Helsa swims to the streams to spat. Scientists say that in Myanmar the trawler uses 2.5 cm (1 inch) netting to catch smaller juveniles, although the min. catch should be 10 cm. Fishes reaching the river are taken by small fishers with very small gillnets that catch even the youngest of them.
The Hilsa can reach a height of 50cm and weighs more than 3kg. However, most of the catch ed in Myanmar today weighs between 300-500g. "There is no fishing limit, so many young species of less than 25 are taken. This means the catfish has not had the chance to reproduce," said Michael Akester of WorldFish, an intergovernmental organization working with regional government to enhance fisheries masters.
Small fishers are among the impoverished inhabitants of Myanmar and a ban on fishery is not practicable because they have no other means of making their livelihood. Nor is there a closing period at sea, as the Myanmar authorities still allow 30% of fish trawlers to fish during the seasons when the fishery is to be shut down.
There is currently no in-depth evaluation of Myanmar's fishery resources, but most analysts say that there is an urgent need for better fishery governance. "There is nothing to be worried about because we are still getting a lot," said Tun Win Myint, one of the heads of the group. Goverment numbers show an increased volume of catches of Hilsa offshore last year.
However, the sizes of the large adult populations are usually about half the sizes of adult population. "It is possible to raise catches by raising input," stresses Essam Yassin Mohammed, Research Scientist at London's International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). "You' re going to raise the number of boats, you' re going to raise the number of nights you spent in the fishery.
However, the four-year plan is still in its infancy and needs to develop a working example for Myanmar. It is also necessary to strengthen both fisheries rules and control so that resources can be returned to a level that is attainable. If I don't get them, we can't make a living," he said.