Burma SitesSites in Burma
, the second is Thayekhittayar (Srikestra), now Hmawzar, which lasts from the fifth to the seventh centuries, and Hanlin is the last Pyu kingdom to be found further north of Shwebo in the District of Sagaing Division.
Halingyi-Great Halin is II mile southeast of Shwebo in Upper Burma. Thought by archaeologists to have been established somewhere around the first AD cent, Hanlin was the biggest and most important Pyu town until around the 8th AD, when it was overhauled by a much bigger town, Sri Ksetra, near the fashionable Pyay.
Walking through watered paddy lands on the way you can freshen up, but then find yourself in a arid bush landscape as you approach the antique site. A group of small towns with many small contemporary coupons in the southern part of the old fortress town. Tagaung is located on the eastern shore of the Aeyarwady, 127 leagues from Mandalay and 56 leagues from Shwebo.
This was the old Pyu capitol, the precursors of the Myanmar population. It is said that the town was established in 850 B.C. by King Abhirajaof the Sakya Clans from Kapilavastu in India before the Buddha period. The town' s civilisation goes back to the early Christians with the Pyu-Kultur.
The Nyaunggan is situated in Budalin Township, Monywa District, Sagaing Division. With the exception of the two burials in the same direction, the skeleton was headed northwards.
Scuba in Myanmar - Mergui and Burma Bank
Spectacular highlights: Walsharks, Mantas, Tortoises, great macrolife/ sea variety, schoolfishes & great pelagic activity, no scuba dives in the area around: scuba dives, caves, experienced scuba dives, off the well-trodden paths..... The Andaman Sea, just off the Thai coast, is home to Myanmar's largely unspoilt oceans. As the area was only opened to tourists in 1997, scuba diver who decide to go on a Burmese safari are honored to see the fantastic attractions above and below the Mergui area ( "Myeik"), which have not been touched for years.
Larger pelagic animals such as mantas and the fantastic great western shortfish, as well as gray and whitetip riffs can appear. Most of the Mergui Divesites are known for their great fishing actions and you can listen to folks talking about places like Black Rock and Black Cave in muted, veneration.
However, it is the smaller things that are slowly gaining acceptance and revealing to the diver that there is more than just the big catch and the shelter. In the Andaman Sea alone, 100 leagues northwest of the Thai-Burmese city of Kawthaung, Black Rock looks like a real fishing attraction and is just as renowned for its unbelievable school of mobulas.
Then, there are the magnificent meetings of chestnut ray and starfish rising above and around you from the far northwest edge, and giant white stonefish and white whales on the sands. When descending to the southern boulders one finds extensive rugs of corallimopharian discosoma and dendronephthya.
The densest coral is found in the deepest southwest part of Black Rock. The colorful area comprises coral beakers, pen star, gorgonians and tigers that form the large rocks. It is a good place to see shark reefs or even cops. You can see a large number of oysters and zebras, as well as a large number of cauri-mussels.
The unusually white-haired urchin (Lovenia Elongata) are also spotted on the cliff. Discover the walls for bluish, amber, verdant and purple coral and the shores for bigeye trevallies, pompanos and ribboned seamen. However, if you remain near the cliffs, this need not be a challenging diving.
All in all Black Rock is a really fantastic site in Burma. Burma Bank - Big, Silvertip, Rainbow and Roe Bank, as well as Coral and Heckford Bank - are situated about 125 km outside the Mergui Archipelago, 125 km from Kawthaung, and provide some adrenalin rush dives in the open sea, and sharks are practically assured.
Nursing and nursing fish are often seen, with sometimes gray coral fish - you never know exactly what you can see here. The Heckford Bank is located about 20 km northern of the Roe Bank and is the lowest of the Burma Banks diving spots with a height of 21-25 meters. Nursing whale shark are also easy to spot, as they are half hiding under the overhang of the coral tables that puncture the shallow sea landscape.
Like its northern neighbor, it is characterized by the presence of tough seaweed, calcareous rock formations clad in thick layers of sand, as well as solid porit which has been stifled by colorful Xmas trees, and by the presence of colorful worm and colorful rose and brown wires, and thick cliffs lined with thick layers of rock.
There is a more varied coastline and you can move through the gorges by watching squid, morays, lizard corn fish and large redsnappers. In the southeast is a lower drop to 40 meters, and here you can take a look at the restless white tip and aurora.
Scubaiving in Burma Banks is still quite untouched and is only available on a few liveaboards. Because of its prominent position you can count on progressive current dives in some powerful streams, while you can observe the pelagic and bigger types of thatch. It has several holes in the cliffs of the lime stone of the isle, directly at the waterside, where you can swim at a deep of 2-3m.
It is advisable to include this flat section in your diving profiling when visiting the descending cliff that stretches to both sides of the passages. As soon as you enter the pit in the walls, the fascinating air ducts guide you into the Laguna. There is a 12-15m deep water limit on the bottom of the Laguna and there are some boulders to see, but as the view in the lower parts is usually restricted, make sure you remain with your group.
Now you can resume your diving by holding the one on your right, as this is the most beautiful part of the cliff on this isle. Don't overlook your diving time in and out of the Laguna and follow your schedule at this amazing Myanmar area.
Snappers are gigantic blocks that cover the coral face. With the number of whiskered and hunchbacked scorpion fish on the mural, handling them is a bust. Freshwater coral can be seen on the sides. The sides are covered with small overhangs and are covered with small pelagic shells. Burned, frayed, gigantic and white-eyed morays can all be seen in profusion, and different kinds are often even seen in the same pit.
Have a look into the rocks and you will be amazed when you see wet nurse shark from the Indian Ocean living in Mergui and sleeping all the time. Part of the walls are wrapped in old Mergui fishermen's meshes, which are now incrusted in coral, but diver should beware of entanglements. It is also an ideal place for diving at high altitudes when all the beaker coral bursts in bright oranges.
Together with the reflective eye of the Durban shrimp dancers (hinged beak), this is a spectacle as the whole surface seems to live and feed in nutrient-rich sea. Morays float over the walls and avoid the flares of scuba diver and parrot fish sleeping in their protecting cocoon. Don't think you won't see anything out of the ordinary here, as there are usually many stingrays and white stingrays and headfish.
This site consists of large blocks of rock that resemble the Similan Islands in Thailand and provides the best of many scuba dives around North Twin Island. They are covered with violet coral and prickly urchin. It is one of the few places in Burma where you can see sandy areas with white whalesharks.
The many different types of eel, as well as the bandsed and even the sporadic comb eel, are another frequent occasion. 1km northwest of the town of Noord Twin lies a row of cliffs known as the Noord Twin Plateau. It is a shallow diving course, which sometimes descends over 40m.
These rocks have lake fan, feather stars and floral coral adhering to the substratum. The locals have several groups of bat fish, Malay bar dusky perch and nurse shark hiding under the overhang. The entrance is usually on the west side, near the walls. This area at the bottom of the rocks is home to small -bar pipe fish in the sands.
Beneath the cliffs you can see both stingrays and nurse sharks. 3. Current and current can be powerful at Northern Rocky and the view can sometimes go as low as 5 meters, but if the weather allows it, this is also a very nice place for diving at sunset, as the coral beakers open up.
Shrimp, prawns and morays can be seen all over the walls. It has the best cover of marine shelves and corals at lower water levels, so that a characteristic diving pattern begins low and at the end of the dives gradually revolves around the top of the cliff to the safe stopline. On the northern and eastern sides there are dense woods with giant gorgonians in the colours red and red, which line up in a series.
You will be greeted by lionfishes and the common shoals of Burmese species such as bluefin tuna, eastern sweet lips, soldierfishes, and labi. There are often white tip and Leopardenhaie, which rest during the daytime. There is a small fishermen' s shipwreck on the northwest part.
Wavy morays get their dentist's work from shrimp, and the nasty scorpion fish is waiting for naive stray animals. More shallow areas are home to porous coral, salad and stellate coral just some of the types that mix with plumage starfish, lashes, long-stalked urchin and almonds. Morays and octopuses can be found here.
Also known as Fanforest Pinnacle at some of Burma's dive centers. One of the best dive spots in the Mergui Archipelago, Shark Cape, is known for its good-natured Nurse Sharks. It is 5-16 meters below the northwestern edge of the island.
It is 20 meters long and the roof is lined with wonderful calendula coral and the floor with stylotella aurantium auraniums. You sometimes meet grey shark reefs as you pass through the tunnels. They are known for showing aggressive behaviour towards the diver, so it is best to hold on to one side of the channel to give them room to pass.
Also groups of whitetip shark can occur surprisingly. There is a 1 meter large rectangular opening marking the entry to the lower cave, where you can see Nurse shark. On the northeast side of the island (up to 25 meters) the coral is jagged with whitish and whitish feather stars and coral.
Stingrays with stripes of stripes of black water snake and stingrays with stripes of stripes chase across the coral canal. Its south-west face is 30 meters deep and has many small crevasses full of people. Look closely and you will see Durban shrimp dancin' and bay shrimp ribboned in either colour on the cliffs, mantid shrimp, nautilus, cowrie snails and an astonishing amount of morays - snowflakes, white-eyed and fringed.
This small ledge in the northern part is Square Skirt. It is a small, chalk-white cliff that falls down to about 15 meters before fissured cliffs continue to expand and reach the sand bottom at 26 meters. Squares Rock's cliffs have verdant and indigenous antipodes of indigenous coral, indigenous coral, anthothelidae coral and anthothelidae coral.
The fissures in the face hide night-active gray bamboosharks, a small specie about half a meter long, as well as lobster and frogfishes. Among the cliffs at the bottom of the cliffs you will find sea scarecrows, sea horses and spook fish, as well as occasional white tip shark and small nurse shark.
It is full of scorpionfishes, some small and well disguised, some large ones almost half a meter long. The site is also known as Three Islets, Three Stooges, In-Through-The-Out-Door and Colona Rocks. At the shoals you will find delicate coral tables hiding between the rocks where Antias and young pelagic species live.
Masculine bandeels are blackened and female ones are bluish with shiny cinnamons. Deep rocks are lined with bay slice anemone, lilac coral, whitish shrubby fanfish and crinoid. You can see whitetipped whale tip shark under the rocks, as well as Nurse-shark. South Twin, 75 km from Kawthaung, is also a favourite spot for overnight diving as you can really see how colourful this is.
There are many caves where you can find teenage Nurse Sharks, here and in the smaller cavities and crevices, look out for small prawns and all kinds of prawns, as well as boxers and Durban dancers scurrying in this and that way. Black or whitetip shark patrol around the sand bottom at a height of approx. 25 metres on the chase for delicious delicacies.
Like you can see, such a site with interesting characteristics like swimming through, crevices and caves, as well as all kinds of shellfish and other macro-life, is a favourite place for a diving at nights, if the weather allows it. Nearly 200 km from Kawthaung in the centre of Mergui, Tower Rock is Mantarochenland, so get ready for some unique meetings with these mighty creatures' schooling.
In the afternoons, if your route allows it, you are planning to go diving here to almost ensure a date with them. You can also watch out for the lonely black tip shark, often unnoticed behind the cliffs, or take a dip in the water through the large crags.
On the south face there is a large cave that begins at a 5 metre deep and falls to the sea floor at a height of about 25 m. The cave is located at the bottom of the sea. There is a 24 metre deep barrier and 2 channels that open to a 21 metre deep hemisphere.
All in the cavern is big, especially huge lobsters and very big nurse sharks. Nursing Eurasian dogfish, about 3 meters long and with a very broad bodied, can make it difficult for a diver to walk through the tunnels instead of turning around and leaving the path they have tread.
When you leave the northern side of the channel, the most beautiful part of the site is on the west tip of the isle. This is where the growth of leopard anemone and coral with countless species of glass coral, among them the thousand of glass species chased by the trevial. The frayed morays are frequent and you can see ribboned seahorns.
On the southern side of Western Rocky is a scuba diving with gorgonians, pen starfish and outcrops. Some small cliffs are floating away from the walls, in deep waters where you can find whitey tip thatch. Southwall is also an outstanding overnight diving.
The color is provided by blue ribbed corals and yellow beakers. There are more brownies and crawfish here than at any other diving site in Burma and they are often seen from their cracks, which show their full length. The islands are well deserved for diving or in good weather and when the current allows to reach from the east tip of the isle.
Squids are as widespread here as large squids. Scorpion fish can be found everywhere, as can twins and various types of coral eel, which include amber, white-eyed and point-faced coralefish. Once you have reached the top of the platform, you will see the thick patch work of violet coral that covers most of this area. What a lovely and uncommon view!
On your way across this purple coloured coral you will see that there is no lack of marine activity between the coral and the rock. Many fissures and crevices protect different species of morays whose head extends outward and whose pine allows oxygen-rich waters to blow over their snout.
On the section of the riff that stretches from the northeast to the southeast edge of the platform, you can see large groups of snipers and also jacques and mackerels on the stalk. It is possible to float throughout the entire course if the tides allow it, but you can also find protection from the tide if necessary, and still have enough reefs to study.
By the end of the dives, simply climb to 5m, place your marking on the bottom and float along while looking out for bigger pelagic animals like tunas or even a big stream in the clear waters. There' s no other way to get enough of the diving from the sometimes widely scattered diving spots than to take a trip on a Phuket, Khao Lak or Ranong in Thailand.
For more information on finding a suitable tour for you and all the information you need to get to Myanmar, please see our Burma Dive Safaris section. To make you really want to experience a full Burma diving experience, we suggest a special Myanmar trip to explore the entire island.
From October to May is the peak liveaboard seasons in Burma and this is the only part of the year that the liveaboard dives take place. The oceans are quiet at this hour of the year, the sky is clear and even the remotest divesites are open and offer excellent opportunities. This nutrient is brought in by the planet feeder and explains why the coral reaches such impressing size and why there is so much fish live at the divesites, both large and small.
View our Mergui Archipelago maps of Myanmar (Burma) and its position in the wider South.