Burma Politics todayMyanmar Politics Today
What are the Rohingya Muslims and what happens in Burma?
The United Nations reports that 270,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since 25 August. Burma's Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi has been severely criticized for the war. Who are Rohingya and why were they compelled to abandon their houses?
And the Rohingya? Rohingya Muslim tribe lives in the Buddhist minority of Burma, especially in the western state of Rakhine. It is one of the countries most disadvantaged states, and Muslims in particular face obstacles to learning and free mobility. They are called Bengali in Burma, and many natives claim they emigrated from Bangladesh unlawfully.
Although many have been living in Burma for generation after generation, they are severely threatened and over the years there has been an outbreak of force - the last big event was unrest in 2012. The Rohingya fighters are said to have assaulted several policemen and frontier posts in Burma on 24 August, and in reaction to this the Chinese authorities said they had started "evacuation operations" in which 77 Rohingya were slaughtered for the time being.
The Associated Press reported that in Bangladesh there were then attempts by tens of thousands of Muslims. Since then, what has been happening to the Rohingya? At first there were accounts from Rohingya followers that the Muslim communities were burned and indiscriminate shooting of the civilian population. The UN said 73,000 Rohingya had arrived in Bangladesh just a week after the first collisions, some of whom were described as bombing their communities by the Myanmar army and attacked by Tibetan Christian monks in Rakhine.
In Bangladesh, near the Burma frontier, a Bangladesh based medical center said that gunshot wounded migrants arrived and the state is planning to open another camps to reduce the pressures to one that already has 50,000 population. Newsmen visiting Rakhine State found that Rohingya left towns still smouldered from burns that the army said were founded by the Muslims themselves.
What's the status in Burma? Burma, also known as Myanmar - a name adopted by its army commanders - became self-sufficient from Britain in 1947. Only 15 years after democratic rule, the country was defeated by a revolt and since then has only a few in number. One of these guides headed an operations in 1978 that prompted an estimate of 250,000 Rohingya Muslims to escape to Bangladesh.
In the course of the years, non-violent demonstrators of all faiths were imprisoned and the land was charged with having tortured many of them. After massive protest in the end of the 80s, multi-party ballots finally took place in Burma in 1990. During these unrest, persecutions and force against Rohingya Muslims were consequent.
British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has called on Suu Kyi to use "all her extraordinary qualities" to end the war.