Burma Military RegimeMyanmar military regime
Callahan, who has been to Burma 10 visits to check Burma's security records and interviews the people of Burma, has recently finished the publication Making Enemies: Was and State Building in Burma, edited by Cornell University Press. A little bit of Burma background: Burma achieved autonomy in 1948. Others in Asia - especially Malaysia and the Philippines - had similar insurgencies, but these failed to stabilize when the civil ruling elite finally agreed to bargain and make compromises with the opposing parties.
There was no such trade-off in Burma. Recognising that a settlement was not possible under the given conditions, the regime instead concentrated on the construction of its army. At the end of the 1950' the army led the land inofficially. After all, the US ceased financing the China nationals, but until then the Burma army was relentless.
A countrywide rally for Burmese policy reforms ended in 1988 with up to 10,000 deaths, with forces shooting at non-armed protesters. As a new military-rule was established, the armed forces became double. She constructed new streets, medical clinics, medical colleges and colleges - but private civil university. It was in 1990 that the Burmese Armed Forces ruled to call an elections.
"They really thought they'd made Burma better." The electorate was of a different opinion, and the opposing faction won 82 per cent of the votes - but the new administration could never take over. This was the first day that Aung San Suu Kyi, the head of the political group, was placed under home detention. In 1989, Burma's army rulers renamed the Burmese state Myanmar.
The name Burma continues to be used by many people and organisations - among them the New York Times and the US State Department: "It is a very policy choice which name to use," says Mary Callahan.