Burma Military JuntaMyanmar Military Junta
Myanmar is fighting to put the military dictatorship behind it
Aung San Suu Kyi's smiling face, the one of an image, was gone when she first saw the new Burmese woman after she was released. When she was standing next to Thein Sein, she seemed strict and relentless. Aung San Suu Kyi said in June this year that she wanted to become your country's next presidency.
Now how near is she to the military commanders? Do the military chiefs of the state try to improve their reputation with a Nobel Prize-winning Nobel laureate, or does the Nobel prizewinner lead the institution to transformation? There are many in Burma who have a history of hostility to tell, and when even Saint Aung San Suu Kyi is dealing with the old general, shouldn't others have the feeling that it's okay to do the same?
How can this be achieved in a land whose people can look back on half a hundred years of military rule? Other people can't ignore their fears - like Toe Zaw Latt, a former doctoral candidate and former press reporter. "Toe Zaw Latt laughing, says old customs. At the end of the 1980' he was with the rebel forces in the jungles, worked in Thailand for the opposing channel Demographic Voice of Burma (DVB) and is well acquainted with the issues of protest and caution.
You are no longer part of an exiled unit in Norway that is sending its journalists to Burma in secret. "We' re trying to adapt to the outside world and to our emotions," says Toe Zaw Latt. DVB's 43-year-old office manager in Burma, Toe Zaw Latt, is doing his best to adapt.
Instead, he likes to carry the long scarf tied over his waistline, like most men in Burma. It was not until March 2012 that Toe Zaw Latt came back to Burma with an Australia pass after 24 years in custody. In many ways, the Burma he has come back to is feeling completely new.
As Aung San Suu Kyi is now a Member of the European Union, the European Union has lift its penalties, Coca-Cola has recently opened a filling facility and President Thein Sein has recently freed more prisoner statesmen. On 8 August 1988, undergraduates took to the street and week-long rallies followed before the military junta destroyed the protest and killed tens of millions.
However, Toe Zaw Latt is still not sure whether he can rely on the changes that are taking place. That is the case in Burma, where the man in charge of transformation is President Thein Sein, a former general. The military staff and the governing Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) have a parliamentary majoritarian party.
Toe Zaw Latt knows what the military of Burma is able to do. DVB first had to deal with the Ministry of Information about its name when it started operations in Burma last year. To the military, the reporters were nothing more than "saboteurs" who created a "heaven full of lies".
Bureaucracies were not worried by the term "democratic," but they did not like the use of "Burma" for the land they had re-named the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Oslo reporters said the Burmese voice was a byword. Burma's voice even supported state TV staff.
How best to ask a simple questions? Since President Thein Sein gave the ward an interviewer, even Myanmar civil servants have recognized that the former public servant merits our full respectful. Toe Zaw Latt says, "And the administration is in the same stance. He now has eight former detainees working for him in Burma, and some find the new, stronger ties with the administration unexpected.
Toe-Zaw Latt says that he and his counterparts will persuade the Department of Information to alter its course and that in the end everyone will profit from it. He is called the "Facebook minister" by Toe Zaw Latt because he is so busy on the web. Military rulers turned their backs on Rangoon in 2005, not least because they were afraid of an American intrusion.
However, Burma now has a US Presidential visit to Washington in May and sent his best wishes to US Presidential Barack Obama on American Independence Day. Now, the Myanmar leaders are trying to present themselves as contemporary and democratically, which is hard against the background of the dictatorship's architectural design. An ex-soldier, he loves to laugh.
"There' s no longer a part for the state press in a democracy," he says. He' s proud that private dailies have been permitted in Burma since April 1st. I' m going to ask you one more question: However, even if the institution and perhaps even the nation changes, the issue is how to come to grips with historic injustice and bring equity.
His military commanders will not be subject to the competence of an ICC. Former expatriate Toe Zaw Latt wants to establish a committee with members of the administration, the armed forces and the people. So much unfairness exists in Burma, even today, which includes horrors against Muslims and nationalities.
Toe-Zaw Latt says federal agents have shown interest in his notion. His name is Khin Nyunt. Formerly one of Burma's most influential men, he was chief of military secret service and premier. I' m a former convict of politics. He has been in the FPP (Former Public Prisoner's Office) for the past few months, an organisation that cares for the needs of former inmates.
During daytime he assisted the organisation, which is currently documenting all those police detainees dating back to 1962, when the military took over. "That' s all in the past," said Khin Nyunt. Than Htay asked the questions he had asked, Khin Nyunt's face blushed and he couldn't stop smiling:
" Nyunt answered, selecting his words carefully: "As Htay and other incarcerated detainees, they saw first-hand what these became. A former detainee now resides in the offices of former policy detainees because his wife and daughter no longer want anything to do with him. The FPP is now in negotiations with the federal administration about the freeing of further inmates.
Thein Sein has just said that there will be no conscientious detainees in Burma until the end of the year. During 2011, the same Iranian leader still denied the presence of policy inmates. "Then Htay asked the former tyrant Khin Nyunt. "Khin Nyunt would rather take pictures.
Just before the shot, Khin Nyunt abruptly drew Than Htay towards him until he was so near that her torso touched. A few ask how a man like Khin Nyunt can find rest between a fishpond and a veranda seesaw by having cappucino in the mornings in the cafe next to his Galerie and plant a mongoose in the afternoons, while he wears sweatpants.
The mango is the favourite crop of this lovely pensioner in flip-flops, who enjoys talking about his two shepherds and the 25 different orchids in his backyard, but not about the military junta's crime and his own responsibilities. Burma's "beautiful new democratic world," he wrote, reveals and condemns violation "politically sensitive," and equity is outdated.
"When Khin Nyunt and his associates here in this lifetime get out of the court, the starving spirits will be awaiting them the next moment. However, the others in the former political detainees cannot ignore the injustices of the past. In the interests of safety, the documents containing the name of the former inmates are kept in a safe place.
While FPPs have started to deal with the past, they do not know whether the system that has tortured policy detainees has really been banished to the past. The Burmese head sensor said on that date that from then on it would no longer be compulsory for reporters to hand in preliminary prints of their article to his office.
After serving in the military for more than 20 years, and after seven years in mind controlling, his new task is to foster them. For example, he would delete the term "political" in the term "political prisoner", and he would delete the picture of Aung San Suu Kyi and the term "corrupt administration officials".
It' a problem to which Tint Swe has no clear answers. Tsunt-swe has authored seven volumes -- on military subjects, Buddhism and morals. There' still a touch of indignation in his vocal. Burma's Democrat-voiced man Toe Zaw Latt and the old head sensor are now rivals in the newsroom - as long as things go on as before, and the military does not all of a sudden loose interest in changes.
This old head prince wants to continue writing about the centuries of censors - without any censors.