Burma Military DictatorshipMyanmar military dictatorship
Burma's military junta accuses of torture and murder of ethnical insurgents | World affairs reports
Locals dispersed themselves as machineguns and fled into the jungles from Burma's forces. She was the victim of a violent six-month clash between the Myanmar authorities and rebel groups of indigenous minorities from Kachin, a state in the north of Burma that borders China. It is a battle that has murdered and mutilated innumerable civilians and has led 30,000, probably more, to flight, but has gone almost completely undetected, as the outside community has instead focused on the potential for Burma defrosting and approaching the gang.
When Hillary Clinton came to the Philippines last months - and William Hague was preparing for a brief offical trip to Burma earlier this year - the battles in Kachin have gotten tougher. "There is so much emphasis on policy reform from the global point of view, but violations of the law that continue are ignored.
Last weeks regime declared a truce, but resources in the Kachin areas said the fighting was continuing. Burmese forces assaulted communities without prior warnings, wounding and murdering civilians. 6. Numerous civilian disappeared in the military-occupied territories. - Military personnel plundered houses and compelled the village inhabitants to take away their booty. - The armies submitted men to violent interrogation.
- Chemical resources were used around a small town, possibly to drive humans out of the area. Groupings such as Human Rights Watch, Physicians for Human Rights and Partners Relief and Development have also collected a large number of reports of abuse. Organizations say that while the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) has also done injuries, the large minority is the fault of state troops.
"Abuse was rampant and a gathering place for the Kachin Independence Organisation (the KIA's policy wing), now more than ever. "Forces know they will not be blamed for serious breaches of the martial laws," said David Mathieson, Burma investigator from Human Rights Watch, noticing similar military behavior across the state.
"It is like a series of abuses: hard labor, tortures and the devastation of wealth and livelihood. "The long-running war is one of many between the state and the communities of Burma that were revived two years ago when the administration tried to increase its influence. A skirmish between the KIA and federal forces broke out into a real war in June this year and ended a 17-year-fire.
"A recent International Crisis Group reportage warns that the re-emergence of hostilities in the Kachin areas is the greatest menace to Myanmar's security. "KIO was the group approaching the truce with probably the greatest strategy, and it went very far in working with the military government's arsenal.
" Nobody felt these effects more than Nu La and his wife and daughter, who were fleeing with other village people as the Myanmar military arrived earlier this months. They were stumbling over while staying in a junglesoft. As Nu La stood up to see what happened, the troopers shot him four times and shot a pestle before screaming in Myanmar and Kachin:
As Mathieson said, many disappeared people indicated that they were working or interrogating, and there were misgivings that they had been kidnapped to be used. Kachin Womens Association of Thailand has registered about 40 cases of supposed violation or misuse by warriors. Yet another citizen reported in detail about an attack in November on human settlement between the KIA and Burma's military forces.
" At the time the village residents went for examination, he said, infants and the aged were immediately affected, and others progressively. The use of CSG and other means to combat unrest can be used in civilian unrest, but is prohibited in the conduct of war under the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), which Burma has been a signatory but has not yet done so.
Prof. Julian Robinson, a chemistry weapon specialist at Sussex University, said the accusations of Burma's use were "numerous and - at least for me - unsolved. Widely held accusations of violent interrogation and Zahkung Nu Nu, from a Kachin area in North Shan State, said she was witnessing a neighbor's torturing in early September.
This 18-year-old civil was selected by a group of refugees from the village. Some of the other village people she encountered on a secret flight home said they had been compelled to act as carriers - perhaps the destiny of her husbands; she hadn't seen him since her messy run.
"You had to wear your possessions and those of the people. One leader from another area said that before the cease-fire ended, the forces had already compelled the village people to cut down timber and bear lots of brick for their bases, forcing them to pay small amounts or nothing at all. The fights were much harder than in earlier outbursts.
Forces used both a mortar and rifles and fired more often. "He said they used men to show them the way or force them to be carriers. "In the present struggles, when they see a civilian, they know they're a civilian, but they fire and murder them.
A number of eyewitnesses claimed that the forces seemed to believe that all Kachin were KIA members or activists. "It is clear in other cases that they just went into an area and fired on the town and saw them run away - and then quite often destroying groceries and making the area untenable.
"It' s not necessarily about killing them, but driving them away, denying their support[for the KIA] and tying up their ressources when refugees are fleeing to their areas. There have been no answers to any of the above mentioned queries from the Burmese Government. A Beijing diplomatic said that information about Kachin is available in the state press and that the State Department is in the process of inauguration.
In recent months the administration has been signing treaties with other communities and meeting Kachin officials for talks that bring hopes for a solution. On Friday, Aung Thaung, Secretary of Commerce and leader of the Union Level Peace-Making Group, said the regime wants "eternal peace" and hopes to conclude treaties with all communities within three years.
When asked why forces had not followed the President's order to retreat from the battle with the Kachin, he explained to Reuters that there might be skirmishes due to issues related to forces in distant areas. Another possible indication of the advance was that Unicef and UNHCR officers were able to go to Majiayang last weekend, where many of the expelled Kachin escaped.
While the World Feeding Program could only enter government-controlled areas, it is hoping that it can now prolong its program - at least until the funds for Burma expire in February. One Kachin campaigner said that mental as well as nutritional and medical challenges were just as serious, with traumatized homes continuing to suffer as a result of recent war.
"She said, "People are weeping in their heads. Burma's leaders have been in a state of tension with minority communities such as Kachin, Karen and Shan since the country's 1948 privacy. Two years ago, the long-standing ceasefire broke down as he tried to get their militia under the scrutiny of the state' s armed forces, and while President Thein Sein pledged this early this spring to make the subject a top political concern, there was an upturn in the wars.
The Kachin are especially careful. Kachin Independence Organisation - affiliated with the Kachin Independence Army - participated in the government's policy road map in the 90s and cooperated, even if its suggestions were ignored. But Kachin contenders were prevented from running in the 2010 election, and the regime became more and more antagonistic, annulling the cessation.
The Kachin complaints were compounded by government-backed programs that were of little use to the residents: "With the[Myitsone] reservoir, the mine, other infrastructures - there is the feeling of political exclusion and simultaneous exploitation," said David Mathieson of Human Rights Watch. Surprisingly, the US administration dismantled China's huge hydroelectric power plant in September, but the International Crisis Group cautioned not to resolve the issues.
- The caption of this paper was revised on December 19, 2011, as the Kachin hunter was described by the OEM as a "rocket launcher".