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Kampagne Nachrichten | Burma Campaign UK
The new agreement between the United Nations and the Burmese authorities on an alleged frame for the creation of preconditions for the secure returns of Rohingya migrants raises serious issues and concerns. It is about the Rohingya, but the Rohingya must not see it, let alone in what it contains.
Before the recent Rohingya crises began in August last year, cuts in the provision of human assistance in Rakhine State were already intolerable and cost deaths. Are we even going back to this earlier intolerable position with this trade? Burma's authorities should not be commended for merely restoring the same or a lesser number of people before August 2017.
United Nations says the treaty will allow Rohingya returnees to obtain information independently on the terms and circumstances of their place of residence so that they can make educated choices about returning. As the Rakhine state becomes increasingly militarized, the position can quickly be changed, as the troops can move into the Rohingya village even faster than before.
Local and domestic situations can quickly evolve. Whilst information about what has been done to their houses and communities is obviously important, it is the general policy and safety policy context that allows Rohingya to evaluate the preconditions for a secure comeback. For the Consultative Commission's proposals on nationality were a trade-off and did not go as far as they should.
It is recommending that the Myanmar authorities comply with the existing 1982 Citizenship Act. Despite the Commission's own observation: "Some elements of the Citizenship Act 1982 do not comply with internationally accepted conventions and rules - such as the principles of non-discrimination under public international laws - and the agreements that Myanmar has made.
So the Rakhine Commission calls on the Myanmar authorities to enforce a more comprehensive set of laws contrary to human rights. For most Rohingya, the Rakhine Commission's recommendations to speed up the nationality review procedure... under the 1982 Nationality Act are not acceptable and do not provide any guarantees that nationality will come next.
The Rakhine Commission's proposals to amend or abolish the 1982 Citizenship Act are far too ambiguous and feeble when it comes to implementing it, given the delays and fraud of the Myanmar authorities. The Commission is recommending that the authorities initiate a procedure to verify the Act.
In the context of such a revision, the authorities could consider the following: Within a timeframe that is appropriate, the authorities should present a roadmap for the beginning of the citizenship bill revision proces. They propose that the goverment should consider making amendments to the Act that should be regarded as material.
The withdrawal of these requests was one of the first of many Rohingya compromise agreements that encourage the government to believe that it could get away with what it has now done with the Rohingya. By 2012, the EU, the US, the United Kingdom and others had clarified the need to amend or abolish the 1982 Citizenship Act.
For the Rohingya, the United Nations and the remainder of the global fellowship should state unequivocally the need for immediate full nationality. This treaty does not cover the army. Goverment doesn't run the army. They cannot ensure security, as the army can always choose to start another attack against the Rohingya.
If previolence tension increases, the UN draws workers from the areas where Rohingya lives, or they are likely to be deported before a new war. Is there a risk that the UNHCR will give Rohingya the feeling that the UN will defend them when they come back, when they are not actually able to?
Rohingya already have an identification. It is not that they need an identification, but that the Burmese authorities are trying to disavow that one. It is important for the United Nations to defend its right to its own name. It was also striking that the UN coordinator tried to prevent the name Rohingya when he spoke about the Rohingya Convention and also the two paragraphs of the UN Declaration on the Rohingya Convention from using her name.
To not use the term Rohingya is not a impartial choice. She retreats to the calls of racist groups who all want to drive Rohingya out of Burma. Rohingyas who live in Bangladesh have returned in a non-sophisticated, secure, volunteer and graceful manner, whatever that means. You demanded immediate full nationality as a prerequisite for a secure comeback.
Whilst a reemphasis on nationality by the UN is to be welcomed, this treaty seems to have resorted to the Burma government's policy of what is known as the path to nationalism. There is all the proof to suggest that this is a stalling tactics used by both the Thein Sein and Aung San Suu Kyi governments. Aung San Suu Kyi, with her parliamentary vote, can at any moment adopt a new nationality bill in accordance with public policy and in accordance with the principles that give all Rohingya nationality.
The immediate freedom of mobility in the reform or abolition of nationality must be an important prerequisite for a secure repatriation. Supporting a ICC expulsion and the prospects of fairness and accountability would be one of the most efficient ways to launch a secure returns proces. For as long as Min Aung Hlaing thinks he can get away with the violation of public international rights, he will do so, as the escalating dispute in Kachin State shows.
While the new UN-Burma administration deal could be an important move in the government's PR efforts to prevent increased domestic pressures, there are still no signs that it is a move forward to ensure a secure Rohingya recovery and a sustainable one.
The publication of the treaty would be an evident way to dispel the concern. Today Canada today declared that it will endorse a reference to Myanmar by the United Nations Security Council to the ICC. The Canadian authorities maintain an arms embargo on Myanmar and specific penalties. It says it will use the Canadian presidency of the G7, the group of seven major industrialised countries, to address the subject and achieve an ³cinternational commitment³d to the current state.
The United Kingdom can no longer do ³cbusiness as usual³d in its interaction with Burma in the face of atrocities, the Rohingya racial purge and ongoing attack on other nationalities. MEPs of the Committee on Development say in a report released today that the UK's policies and terminology on Burma need to be changed in reaction to a regimes that has conducted conscious, state-sanctioned racial cleansings with disastrous repercussions for the Rohingya, Bangladesh and the world.
It urges the United Kingdom and its associates to seek assistance in bringing cases before the International Criminal Court and to impose specific fines on those responsible. The Burmese authorities must recognise and recognise that there are implications for such atrocities.
Myanmar Campaign UK's Campaigns Officer, Karin Valtersson, supported the Kachin rally in the United Kingdom and called on the UK administration to back the expulsion of Burma/Myanmar to the International Criminal Court. The embassies' extra issue with sole disclosure of the Rohingya activists' confidential records, providing proof of years of Myanmar authorities' oppression, brutality and genocide, was aired today on Channel 4.
Justice for Rohingya Minority (JFRM) was inaugurated on Wednesday at Amnesty london head office. JFRM member and Burma Campaign UK executive Mark Farmaner argues that the global reaction to the Rohingya crises is subdued. Today the Grand Committee of Lords had a brief discussion on recent events in Myanmar.
The Kachin Women's Association Thailand has urged the UN Security Council to end the current violations of human rights in North Burma that the UN Security Council mission did not attend during its recent trip to Rakhine State. European Union defends a 30 million euros Myanmar policing training programme after a testimony to the Myanmar policemen in a trial against two local reporters informed a tribunal this months that a high commissioner of policemen had ordered their imprisonment.