Burma History MapMyanmar History Map
Chinese state and new global history. Up-to-date, accurate and detailed facts about Burma.
Myanmar has become a role model for the British missionary crawlers.
Myanmar has become a role model for the British missionary crawlers. During the First Anglo-Burmese War in 1824, Maha Bandula, Burma's largest general, wanted to see one of the "grenades" of the opposition that plunged his forces into such a kind of scare. One group of Myanmar troops - who observed that the rocket was obviously a UXO as its long det cord gushed and was smoking - lifted it up and set off to meet their chieftain, who was waving it ardently.
Burma was a well-organised state, the most influential empire in Southeast Asia, before it fell to the British in the early nineteenth century. By the time the fumes disappeared, Burma's sovereignty had been shattered, a gradual trial that lasted three battles and just over 60 years from 1824 to 1886.
First Englishman to come to Burma was Ralph Fitch, who landed in Pegu (Lower Burma) in 1587. Captain Baker took Alaungpaya presents of gun powder, a few guns, a gold-plated mirror jar and some splash of London moonlight, and volunteered to give him up. In 1759, two years later, at one of these offices on the Isle of Negrais, the English traders met with the Burmese Governor for breakfasts when he gave a message that would bring a group of his warriors in.
After his death in 1760, his follower again sent out invitations to Burma to British merchants. When the Burmese took hold of the land, they left, and the Brits returned just to depart, this case displaced by narcolepsy. Later on, when the Burmese were in the spirit to make the country unbiased, the Brits were against.
On March 5, 1824, Amherst eventually proclaimed Burma to be at war. But in India, the English troops were enthusiastic. "The Burmese were also out in their bill. In May 1824, his 60,000-strong troops traversed the frontier and almost destroyed a small troop of people. Fear and horror was spreading among the traders of Calcutta, who were afraid that they were their neighbors.
But Bandula's forces soon turned around and walked back to Burma, and for good reasons - the south of Burma had been raided by the Brits. Sir Archibald Campbell and 11,OOO Britons and Qepoy troops entered a navy of battleships off Rangoon on May 10, 1824.
" They bivouaced in and around Burma's most sacred sanctuary, the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, and raised their flags on the high, gold-plated tower. In the meantime, the Burmese have hurriedly thrown a ring of bamboos into the intruder. After hearing about the Rangoon landings, he turned his 60,000 Bengali troops around and rode them across the ridge of Arakan, a challenging journey in the prime of life.
In November, when the wet spell ended, Bandula and the Burmese again threatened the Brits in Rangoon. The Brits, now defence of Kemmendine, saw the skies glowing upriver on the evening of 30 November. Soon, a huge navy of Ioo-foot-Iong fireflies emerged, hovering towards the UKs.
"It was a big and impressive show in front of us; the whole jungles were lit up, the Golden Pagoda in Rangoon, and everything around us was as clear as at noon," an officer from the UK commented. Bootloads of Burma's soldiers raved behind the fire floats that were eagerly defended by English seamen.
Others from the jungles supported them in an assault on Kemmendine, but the defeated Brits fended them off. He was now in a vast semi-circle around Rangoon. Campbell caught him by surprise on December 5 with a breakout against the Myanmar lefties. So great it was that some Britons found room to make noise.
" The Burmese were either murdered or injured on that date, Campbell said. They were still in their ditches the next morning when they heard that the hostiles had vacated the military prison. Burmese have rushed to accept a one-month ceasefire to debate a deal, but refused to accept UK conditions. In Prome, the Burmese tried the same tactic as in Rangoon, constructing palisades around the UK outpost.
They continued and evacuated Floorade after Floorade until the adversary lamented for freedom again on 5 December. It resisted the conditions in Britain which demanded the abandonment of much of its land. "A contract was initialled on January 3, 1826, and the Burmese were given until January 18 to approve it.
It was 45 leagues from Ava, in a city named Yandabo, when two Burma-based EU missionsaries who had been discharged from a Burma jail for this reason received a contract and 250,000 quid of bullion and sterling as a down payout for the compensation requested by the UK. Furthermore, Ava pledged to agree to a Briton and compensate him for £1,000,000.
In the following summers, the governor of Rangoon mistakenly accused the captains of two UK ships of being murdered and made them repay 920 for their liberty. Dalhousie had left over with the Sikhs and he concluded that the Burmese must be subjugated. He sent an Ultimatum to the King of Ava within a single working hour of his arrival and asked him to call back his Governor.
Maybe not surprising with a UK wing in its big harbor, Pagan gave in. Dalhousie thought the crises were over when he learned that a new Burmese governor had been made. A delegation of high-ranking United Kingdom officials attempted to summon the new governor on 5 January 1852 without a formal agreement on his name.
Immediately Lambert took several hundred Britons on his vessels and confiscated a King of Ava's boat at nightfall. "The governor tried to resume talks. Governor said if the Brits tried to take the King's boat, he'd have to go to war.
As Lambert said, if even a single gun were to fire, he would destroy the fortresses on the banks of the Rangoon rivers. H.M.S. Hermes and H.M.S. Fox launched the Burma ship in tug. In April 1852, he proclaimed Burma as a warring faction. "Navy rifles have made Rangoon "scared."
" Godwin and his Boo men - and his mighty cannons - conquered 7,000 Burmese in Bassein, 60 in May. In June, almost the entire Pegu Sub-Burma region was manned. "The Burmese just declined to respond to the proposed pacification that resulted in the transfer of Pegu.
In the end, Dalhousie annihilated Lower Burma on December 20, IB52, merely declaring that "from now on it is part of the territories of Britain in the East" and calling on his own nation to "submit to the sovereignty of the UK government, whose might they had regarded as compelling and whose reign was characterized by righteousness and charity".
Pagan was toppled early in IB53 by his twin Min, who then tried to bargain with the Brits. "According to one of the reports, about 3,000 deaths in Britain. In spite of some guerilla resistances, Pegu was soon organised as a provincial state. The Burmese were untrustworthy, ignorant and rotten - although their condescending critic never neglected to call them "good-humoured" - the new UK rulers were importing Sikhs for police officers.
U-boat wire arrived in Rangoon in 1870 and a railroad to Prome. was opened in 1877. During the reign of King Mindon, a quiet and famous royalty, Upper Burma was also in transition. In fact, he was paying for the conservation of the Shwe Dagon Pagoda on UK soil, which had been destroyed in the two battles.
The ownership of Lower Burma was more likely to arouse rather than quench the appetite of UK business people. A formal accusation of the ban on the export of opinum to Upper Burma. "Ava government has more or less banned the use of the substance. "The traders were attracted less by Upper Burma itself than by what was behind it - southwest China.
In 1842, the Nanjing contract had forced China into commerce and UK traders wanted to place Yorkshire and Lancashire produce in the hand of billions of new Chinaans. India's goverment wanted a provision in that contract that would rule out aliens other than the Brits from that path, but the UK bargaining agents, who knew that the King would refute them, did not do so.
Bypassing the Indian authorities was angry, and Mindon was told that his ambassadors in London were not supposed to discuss matters, only to make a solemn patron. During their European tours, the UK press made every effort to disparage Burma's ambassadors. At Paris, the Ambassador tried to put himself in a situation where he could introduce them to the French as if they were his protégés.
A new king assured his place with a "massacre of his family" through a tradition that had been repeatedly reiterated in Burma's history but had been ignored in recent years. Britons were as insulted by his external policies as by the barbarity with which his reign was linked. Diplomacy practically ended in October 1879, when the Charge d'Affaires from Mandalay raided other UK people.
" Responding to this call with ambassadors held at the British frontier for eight month, he insisted that the Burmese should agree to the conditions of a new contract before they arrived in Calcutta to debate it. "Now we should use every excuse to capture Burma or make it a sheltered state, " said Sir Owen Burne, secretary of state for India at the time, who was Lord Randolph Churchill's aide.
Surely that's what UK traders thought. At the same time, he drew 10,000 soldiers to Yangon and sent an ultimatum to Thibaw. Obviously that wasn't good enough, on November II, 1885, the Yangon forces entered a fleet of Mandalay steamships. "The Burmese, who thought it would never happened, were not ready.
Two weeks after their departure from Rangoon, the British invaded Burma's capitol. Considering the Chinese commerce, Pendergast urged to Bhamo, along the road that frightens the people of Burma by attaching them to the rooftops of the steamships with electrical search lights. However, the Myanmar army declined to give up and merged with the jungle to continue the war.
We had enough of them in the mountains and woods to need 32,000 UK forces and 8,500 MPs in Upper Burma within a year of the-occupancy. Organised opposition took place in the outlying Shan states and Chin Mountains, and new guerilla activities erupted in Lower Burma. Yangon became known as "an SUburb of Madras".
" Homemade Myanmar textile, renowned for its tropical beauties, vanished under an auction of Manchester's cheaper avalanches. While the British were generous in their spending on learning, Buddhist books were not learned and largely neglected. The UK has made better use of Burma's indigenous nature. Until 1900 there were 141 plants in Lower Burma, most of them paddy-grinders.
That was not quite advantageous for the people of Burma. After that, too, the Myanmar peasant did not feel well. Until 1936, half of Burma's farmland was held by bankers, estate agents and mortgage creditors. Although imperative power took a general breather from the long lasting struggles in Burma, the era was characterized by an enormous rise in the number of outrages.
The causes of the Burma violent conflict were the collapse of the Burma society and politics after the annexation.