Burma, known as Burma under British colonial rule, a name still used by many foreign governments, was populated by three waves of migration: the Hmon people of modern Cambodia, the Mongolian people of the eastern Himalayas and finally the Thai people of northern Thailand. The culture of Myanmar is strongly influenced by Buddhism, the main Bamar peoples, the Mon peoples and the Chinese. The same applies to the literature, dance and art that visitors can see during their visit. People in Myanmar tend to be very religious and will observe all important Buddhist festivals. Pyu had a rich culture strongly influenced by their position on the trade route between India and China.
One of the most important was in today's Pyay in Central Myanmar, along the Irrawaddy River.