Burma DemographicsBurmese Demography
Most of Myanmar's inhabitants are peasants, and the concentration of settlements in each area is related to farming output, particularly paddy farming. The most densely populated areas are the Irrawaddy and the arid zones, and the highest concentrations are found in the higher part of the valley, between Yangon and Hinthada (Henzada).
The population in the Sittang River Basin, the sedimentary hinterlands of Sittwe and the areas on both sides of the lower Chindwin River is moderate. Rakhine area ( (except Sittwe region), the Irrawaddy at the foot of the Rakhine mountain range, Tenasserim, and the less easily reachable parts of the Shan Plateau and the mountain ranges to the north and south.
Though the urban populace has increased, the rate of urbanisation in Myanmar has not been as fast as in most other Southeast Asian states. Myanmar's populace is still quite young, about a quarter of the country's under-15s.
Decoding Myanmar's demography - Population Reference Office
Myanmar (known as Burma until May 1989) is back on the headlines, especially as it has recently made great progress towards a more democratic regimes. Due to the decade-long isolation, which only ended in 2011, much about Myanmar, especially demographics, is still not known. Over 30 years have elapsed since the last census:
There' s a new one in progress. Therefore, a basic estimation of the demographic is also a problem. Myanmar's Ministry of Labour estimates the country's total populations at nearly 60 million in 2010 and the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs (UNPD) at around 52 million. The UNPD estimates the total populace at 53 million in 2013, according to the latest data.
Together with displaced people in other counties, up to 3 million Burmese have fled the Burmese territory, but are still included in the old nationwide census. In such a case, any attempts to obtain a dependable overall assessment of the overall populations are at risk. Myanmar's large number of ethnical groups makes it even more difficult to make an exact assessment of the people.
Bamars, the most famous group, make up 68 per cent of the people. Approximately 89 per cent of the populace are Buddhists, with a small proportion of Christians and Muslims - both 4 per cent of the people. Despite these deficiencies, the Myanmar demographics chart, based on recent UNPD data, provides some information on the country's demographics.
In particular, it mirrors changes in Myanmar's populations and fruitfulness tendencies. The report also provides information on the effects of demographic policy to date. Reduced bulging of young people decreases the risks of typically challenging young people, namely shortages of resources (education and health) and work.
Unlike less political and less cohesive nations with a steadily increasing juvenile populations, Myanmar's substitute fruitfulness provides a degree of optimism for the coming years. Given the more favourable demographic and economical outlook, one can be carefully confident for the coming years of democratisation and stabilization in Myanmar.
Ministry of Republik Myanmar, Handbook on Human Resources Development Indicators, 2010 (Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar : Department of Labour, 2012) ; et Division de la population des Nations Unies, World Population Prospects : Auditing 2012 (New York: United Nations, 2013). omas Spoorenberg, "Demographic change in Myanmar since 1983:
In Examination of Official Data ", Population and Development Review 39, Nr. 2 (2013) : 309-24. The Statesman' Yearbook 2014 : Politics, Cultures and Economics of the World (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013). The New York Times, 30. 30. März 2014, zugänglich unter www.nytimes.com/2014/03/31/world/asia/religious-tensions-cloud-myanmar-census.html ?
_r=0, on April 10, 2014. Myanmar's course leads in the false direction", The Economist, 5 April 2014, accessible at www.economist. com/news/asia/21600119-myanmars-leading-wrong-direction-dont-count-it, 10 April 2014; and UNFPA, "Observers Report Myanmar Census Ran, Except in Rakhine State", accessible at http://countryoffice.unfpa. org, 29 April 2014. and Toshiko Kaneda, 2014 World Population Data Sheet (Washington, DC : Population Reference Bureau, 2014).
Houb and Kaneda, 2014 World Population Data Sheet. Houb and Kaneda, 2014 World Population Data Sheet. UNFPA and Union of Myanmar, Country Report on the 2007 Fertility and Reproductive Health Survey (Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar: Ministry of Immigration and Population, and UNFPA, 2009). Houb and Kaneda, 2014 World Population Data Sheet.