Burma Country informationAbout Burma
Myanmar has abolished censorship of the country's media before publication, the Ministry of Information announced.
Myanmar Country Profile | Documents | Myanmar
Myanmar has initiated a long and demanding reform of its economy and democrat. Whilst the non-violent transformation to a civil governed state in 2016 was a landmark in Burma's long fight for democratisation, significant remaining issues, especially after the 2017 Rakhine state outbreak. Undertaking to improve the well-being and well-being of all Burmese citizens, the United States is working to support a democratically integrated transformation.
US aid focuses on empowering organisations and developing capacities for aspiring executives, bringing the Burmese nation into the transitional phase and empowering the general community to engage and help in the country's ongoing democracy developments. The aid covers the needs of tens of millions across Burma, as well as areas that have not had past experience of providing basic healthcare of high standard and the most vulnerable and endangered populations across a wide population group.
the United Kingdom
It is the UK Ministry of the Interior, which is in charge of the areas of immigration, Passport, Counter-Terrorism, Police, Drug and crime. UK Boarder Authority (UKBA), an enforcement body of the Ministry of the Interior, is in charge of protecting the UK borders and managing the movement to the UK. This regulates frontier controls and the enforcement of the rules on immigrants and custom duties.
More information about UKBA can be found at:
Information and advice
commentsThis is a newer one. DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR paper. The UNHCR is not and does not necessarily adopt the contents. All opinions are those of the authors or editors only and do not necessarily represent the opinions of the UNHCR, the United Nations or its member states.
Though Burma was at one point split into separate states, a number of monarchies tried to set up their total domination, with differing outcomes. Finally, an expansive UK government took full benefit of Burma's unstable state. In 1886, after three Anglo-Burmese battles over a 60 year span, the Brits finished their colonisation of the land, Burma was immediately conquered as a provincial territory by Briton-India, and the Brits began to penetrate the old Myanmar civilization with alien touches.
Myanmar's practices have often been undermined by the imposing of English tradition. They also further split the large number of minority groups by preferring some groups, such as the Karen, for posts in the army and in the countryside. In the 1920' the first protest of the Myanmar intelligence and Buddhist friars against the imperial government was started.
Until 1935, the Students Union at Rangoon University was at the head of what was to become an energetic and mighty nationwide independent move. The young legal scholar Aung San, board member and journalist of the Studentenwerk, became the prospective new head of the nation wide social group.
When World War II broke out, Aung San took the chance to achieve Burma's independency. Twenty-nine others, known as the Thirty Comrades, abandoned Burma to receive Japanese army education. 1941 they were fighting alongside the Japanese who marched into Burma. Aung San was told by the Japanese that if the British were beaten, they would give Burma their liberty.
As it became clear that the Japanese would not keep their pledge, Aung San quickly reached an understanding with the Brits to help them beat the Japanese. Aung San was celebrated by the Burmese people as the main proponent of Burma's new independent status and in January 1947 was able to broker an accord with the UK granting Burma complete UK autonomy.
Though he is a disputed character for some minority groups, he also had frequent encounters with Burma's community leadership throughout Burma to bring about peace and unification for all people. When the new Führer drew up a draft treaty with his party's government in July 1947, the course of Burma's political life was changed drastically and outrageously.
As Aung San and members of his reestablished office were murdered when an opposing group of machineguns stormed into the room. One of Aung San's cabinets, U Nu, was asked to fill the post that Aung San's sudden demise opened up. One Burma was eventually given liberty at 4:20 a.m. on January 4, 1948, a time best chosen by an astrogist.
Over the next ten years, Burma's fleeing democracy was constantly challenging by socialist and ethnical groups who felt under-represented in the 1948 Constitution. Even though the Constitutional Treaty stated that a certain degree of freedom could be given to minorities in ten years, their long-awaited date of self-sufficiency never came about. In 1958, when the economic slowed down, U Nu was dismissed from power by a caretaker administration headed by General Ne Win, one of Aung San's colleagues.
To re-establish "law and order" in Burma, Ne Win took power over the entire land, as well as the states of minorities, and forced them to stay under the federal government's jurisdictions. Though he permitted U Nu to be re-elected prime minister in 1960, two years later he carried out a military coup and consolidated his status as Burmese army dictators and insurgent groups of ethnically minorities.
It was isolated from the outside while the new desert fostered an isolationist idea founded on the so-called Burma road to socialism. The insurrection remains indigenous and in many areas of Burma fighting with guns has become a lifestyle. And in July 1988, Ne Win abruptly heralded that he was leaving the scene.
When they finally saw a possible flight from armed government, economical collapse and routinely violating the law, tens of thousand more went to the roads of Rangoon. During the subsequent so-called "democracy summer" there were protests throughout the entire state. However, on August 8, 1988, the forces began a four-day slaughter in which they shot men, wives and kids who had assembled in Rangoon.
There were at least 10,000 protesters murdered across the state. Aung San Suu Kyi, the subsidiary of the foreign-locally based independent protagonist Aung San, came back to Burma during the 1988 riots to take good charge of her ill mum. In order to suppress denunciation of force internationally, the army signalled the holding of multiparty ballots.
Aung San Suu Kyi and like-minded fellow members of the National League for Democracy (NLD) were convinced by the student and other opponents of the state. Your group quickly found national backing. Especially as seemingly impending changes in democracy, Ne Win has confiscated the behind the scene armies to take over the land in a maneuver.
Oversight of the land was transferred to a Council for the Restoration of Law and Order (SLORC) on 18 September 1988, and brutal action followed. Despite being bound to non-violence, Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under domestic detention in July 1989 for "endangering the state" and held there for the next six years.
In spite of the SLORC's heavy oppression of members of the opposing political groups (Aung San Suu Kyi was kept under internal arrest) and the total absence of free speech throughout the entire state, Suu Kyi's NLD won with 82% of the votes. Although Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was freed from her home detention in May 2002, the army has declined to surrender it.
Burma's human rights record is disastrous and the conflict is still devastating the country's frontier areas. Burma was considered the least prosperous country in the UN Development Index. The army has driven away tens of thousands of millions of people from all over the globe who are yearning for the days when they can go back to their homes and be reunited with their family.