Burma Country HistoryMyanmar Country History
Burma: a brief history
Myanmar was an important battlefield for the English and Japans. 300,000 fugitives escaped to India, but by July 1945 Britain had reconquered the country from the Japan. Founded in 1937 by the Aung San revolutionaries and nationalists, the Burma National Army started by supporting the Japans, but in 1943 feared that Japan's promise of freedom was not sincere, changing sides and joining the Allies.
Aung San was significantly involved in the restoration of civil policy from the UK founded army government after the conflict. It has also been negotiating Burma's sovereignty with UK Prime Minister Clement Attlee. Burma had its first election in 1947 since the separation from the Raj. While Aung San's Antifascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) won 176 of the 210 places, Aung San and six of his cabinett mins were murdered by paramilitary supporters faithful to U Saw, the Colonies' prime minister.
A number of UK army officials were also involved in the conspiracy and were brought to justice and arrested. After Aung San's murder, AFPFL took over to U Nu, who supervised the country's definitive transformation to an autonomous Burma in January 1948. He became the first Burmese premier of the Union.
The general polls were in 1952/3, 1956 and 1960 and AFPFL continued to hold both of them. Aung San Suu Kyi, Aung San's daugther, was among the people he took with him to the outpost. However, in 1962, only two years after the third parliamentary vote of the Federal Republik as an autonomous state, the U Nu administration was toppled by a coup by General Ne Win.
Burma's Way to Socialism' Ne Win governed the country until 1988 as a one-party state under the patronage of an ideal he named the'Burmese Way to Socialism'. As a result, the economy and politics were isolated, aliens expelled and nationalized. 1974 anti-government protest at the burial of UN Secretary-General U Thant was quickly and forcefully repressed by the war.
Afrustration over economical maladministration and violent repression on August 8, 1988 led to the nationwide uprising known as the 8888 Uprising, in which protesters, student, monks surrendered and burghers took to the street to oppose the MP. The exact figures vary, with opposing groups saying that the army murdered tens of thousand men, while the government says that only 350 have lived.
One group, which was to become the still governing State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) under the leadership of General Saw Maung, took over and proclaimed the right of war. The first multiparty election in 30 years took place in May 1990. Aung San Suu Kyi led the National League for Democracy, which won 392 of the 498 seat list, but the Social Democratic Front (SPDC) declined to surrender it.
In 1991, Aung San Suu Kyi was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize and has been held under home detention for 14 of the last 20 years. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, Buddha religious friars have been a gathering place for the oppositions when unrest erupted over the question of the English colonialists who refused to take off their boots in the temple.
The country is continuing its racial power, with the Karen tribe in south-eastern Burma being particularly strongly represented in its uprising. An American by the name of John Yettaw floated across Lake Inya for the second year in 2009 to arrive at Aung San Suu Kyi's home (he went there for the first visit in May 2008), and was detained and detained for violating the conditions of her home detention.
Consequently, she received a further 18-month sentence, which means that she cannot participate in the 2010 poll. According to the new Constitutional Treaty, which has been passed by a popular vote in the midst of the 2008 cyclone Nargis destruction, the new democratic parliament will allocate a fourth of its seat to the war.
The National League for Democracy has said that Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy is boycotting the election because the law is preventing her leaders from doing so.