Burma Climate

Burmese climate

Myanmar has a kind of tropical monsoon climate, the seasons vary depending on the monsoon and can be represented in three different seasons. Though Myanmar is located in the monsoon region of Asia, its climate is strongly changed by its geographical location and its relief. That is why information on climate change in Myanmar is high. Myanmar has a tropical climate. Winter rains are much less in Burma than summer.

Burma Climate Change Alliance | Global Climate Change Alliance+

Myanmar's climate is evolving, with some discernible trend over the past six years. Burma is undergoing an ongoing transformation and transformation on a number of front lines, and the climate is vibrant and offers great opportunity and challeng. The climate changes represent a great challange, as a recent survey shows, which placed Myanmar in second place worldwide after the extremes of the 1991-2010 years.

There is a complex reaction to the possible effects of climate changes and the low level of preparations at present. Support will be given to a "Climate Change" task force, which will focus first on the nuclear departments concerned: MOECAF (National Planning and Economic Development, Environmental Protection and Forestry) and the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology of the Ministry of Transport.

Since climate is a crosscutting topic, however, the specialist departments and consultancies in climate-sensitive areas are also included. The Myanmar Climate Challenge Alliance Unit (MCCAU), based at MOECAF, will be providing professional, technological and managerial assistance in this area. The needs analyses of the main actors carried out at the beginning of the program will help to refine the exact type of assistance needed, e.g. special education, technological facilities, exposition to the strategic planning processes in the area.

Integrating climate Change into Myanmar's Governance and Reforms Agendas. Strengthening the inter-agency and political framework related to climate changes through exchange of technological expertise and best practices, education and institution-building. The first aim of the program is to sensitize the government, civic organizations and the Myanmar public and commercial sectors to the effects of climate changes.

It will be done by the development of a climate changing awareness, communications and advocacy policy to be implemented at nationally and sub-nationally. Media awareness of climate and scientific issues will be improved and the main state players at state and subregional level will participate in important climate changing activities in the area.

The aim in the midterm is to strengthen the ability of government to incorporate climate protection concerns into policy, strategie, plans and measures, as well as the ability of civic society to make a contribution to climate protection. Under the leadership of the project steering committee, needs analyses of the most important stakeholder groups are carried out. Evaluations will address interinstitutional, managerial, strategic planning and needs for offices.

On the basis of the evaluations, communications and the institution structure for climate protection will be reinforced. To this end, the role of the National Environment Protection Committee (NECC) will be clarified and co-ordination arrangements developed for the governmental bodies concerned, in particular with a view to the (re-)establishment of a Climate change Task Force.

It supports the development of a national climate protection strategy and a national action plan in cooperation with civic organisations and technological bodies of governments and academia. Current climate related technological frameworks will be evaluated to identify the necessary device and application input and then provide training and engineering services for climate monitoring, climate modelling and models.

Such information will be included in labour standards and reports to support developing and implementing policies. It is important in the strategic planning phase that policymaking is informed of experiences with climate changes at sub-national and regional levels and shared with stakeholders in the appropriate sector.

Subsequently, in the chosen test zone(s), an evaluation of the weaknesses of climate mitigation and adaptive capabilities will be carried out to describe the state of play of the government's subnational programming processes with a focus on identifying the extent and needs for climate mitigation integration. On the basis of evaluation and consultations with the competent public and professional bodies, guidance will be developed for a call for tender / small grants scheme for the application of adjustment measures at EU stage.

In the first few of the MCCA the focus has been on creating the necessary legislative and regulatory framework for the full realisation of the program, together with measures to strengthen government accountability. Gentle start of the program in September 2013, in Nay Pyi Taw and formal start of the program in July 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw after signing the Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Myanmar to implement the program.

Creating institution building capacities and mechanism for the program, involving the creation of the MCCA High Leveraged Committee: The Kabinett has endorsed a High-Level Panel on Climate Protection under the chairmanship of the Minister for MOECAF and with 28 Directors-General as members. Creating institution building capacities and mechanism for the program, involving the creation of the MCCA High Leveraged Committee: The Kabinett has endorsed a High-Level Panel on Climate Protection under the chairmanship of the Minister for MOECAF and with 28 Directors-General as members.

First sensitisation and sensitisation sessions - privat sphere with the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI), Union Civil Service Service Board (UCBS) staff trainings and a Foreign Ministry official meeting. Coordinating with actors concerned with climate Change and reducing catastrophic risks, such as the DRR Working Group, the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development ICIMOD, the EGG Platform for Renewable Energies and Civilization.

Good progress has been made in the first few month of the MCCA' s operation, establishing close links between the MoECAF staff and other departments, the business community and civic organisations. Kabinett's establishment of the MCCA High Level Panel was another landmark in the program's evolution, which marks a significant participation of the federal administration in the MCCA, but even more comprehensive in the climate mitigation effort in Myanmar.

It is one of the most important learnt from this first period that the Chinese authorities are making rapid progress with the MDCCA, but are still very careful when it comes to working with them. It is therefore vital to maintain the present dynamic of the work. Next step in the program will be to build and maintain dynamism and to implement the entire program.

That will be promoted by the first session of the High Representative Group.

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