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The reason: Britain captured Burma over a 62-year time span (1824-1886) and integrated it into its Indian Empire. Myanmar was managed as a provincial state of India until 1937, when it became its own self-governing settlement; it gained its Commonwealth autonomy in 1948. General NE WIN ruled the administration from 1962 to 1988, first as army leader, then as self-proclaimed chairman and later as king of politics.
In spite of multi-party parliamentary ballots in 1990, in which the National League for Democracy (NLD), the most important opponent group, won a landslide win, the governing regime declined to surrender control. The NLD leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner AUNG SAN SUU KYI, who was under detention from 1989 to 1995 and from 2000 to 2002, was arrested in May 2003 and then placed under detention.
Following Burma's governing junta's unexpected rise in August 2007 in the price of gasoline, several ten thousand Burmese march in opposition headed by pro-democracy militants and Buddhist friars. At the end of September 2007, the regime violently repressed the demonstrators, killed at least 13 and arrested several thousand for taking part in the clash.
Meanwhile, the government has persistently raided houses and convents and arrested people under suspicion of taking part in the pro-democracy outrages. In October 2007, the June 2009 Burmese government nominated Labour Minister Ms. KYI as a link to Ms. SUU KYI, who continues to be under detention and is almost in solitary confinement with her political parties and backers.
China's lifeline: Burma Road
In 1937 the Japanese decided to invite China long before the United States and Great Britain joined the war, which was to become World War II. When Japan's progress towards the 1940s with China's armed services was effective, this Army Map Service solution clearly showed modern designers that the rough geographical location of Burma Road had become China's main logistic life blood.
These important maps and other mapping instruments, as they also define the geographical challenge of this path for both transport and defence. Deliveries to Burma's south Rangoon harbor were transported by train northwards to the city of Lashio, where the highway began. In 1941, after taking Indochina and early 1942 Malaya, they turned their attention to Burma.
Rangoon was quickly invaded in March and much of the street later in the early part of the year. In the end, Japan displaced the Allied armed services from all of North Burma, and a blockage of the ground path abandoned aviation as the Allies' only choice. Under the British Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, the Supreme Allied Commander in the theatre, Joseph Stilwell led the effort to re-open the overland path to China.
As Japan had a tight grip on Burma Rd, the emphasis moved to Ledo Rd, an alternate itinerary suggested to get from northern to Burma and re-connect with the old Wanting Avenue. It has bypassed most of Japan's territories, but the Allies still had to reclaim lands in the Southeast.
Meanwhile, most of the Southeast Asian engineering team worked angrily to construct the street themselves. In January 1945, the Ledo Building was connected to the initial street by US-China raids on Bhamo and Namhkam, and on January 27, the Allies re-established the connection to China. Meteorological recon and photographic interpreting gave the Allied armed services an advantage in rough terrains, especially after they achieved full military supremacy in mid-1944.
At the map side, the Engineer Reproduction Plant had an agency in North India to produce tickets for use in the theatre. During the last year of the fights, the map department of the Offices of Strategic Services has settled in Kunming, which provides assistance at the end of the street. Logistics problems such as those faced by the Allies in Burma still exist today.
Burma and China needed well-trained, battle-tested troops to use the reserves, but geographical responses to huge logistic barriers were crucial to the Allies' failure against Japan.