Burma BackgroundMyanmar Background
It' s been 45 years since General Ne Win and his Armed Forces toppled Burma's constitutionally governed U Nu and in 1962 set up Burma's junta in power. With the arrest of members of the junta administration, Burma's ethnic minorities and all possible leader of the Burmese oppositions, and the dismissal of the people-elected parliamentary assembly, General Ne Win took full command of the state.
He opened the "Burmese path to socialism" with the help of the army by taking command of Burma's banking, trading, production and sales. Newspaper and other medias were also under the jurisdictions of Ne Win and the army. Economic activity began to fall due to insufficient preparation by the army and a lack of civil servants skilled to supervise banking, keep trading balances and keep Burma's output high.
There was growing opposition to Ne Win and the army, and protests, especially among the student population, were down. 12 years after the 1974 war putsch, a redesigned treaty was put into effect that passed to the Burma Socialist Program Party (BSPP) under the leadership of Ne Win. Ne Win, still the leader of the BSPP, made a public announcement in 1987 that the deterioration of Burma's economy and politics would require an overhaul.
In 1987 and 1988, for example, the regime changed its policy, which involved a depreciation of the dollar, which devastated many people's lives and caused anxiety and rage among Myanmar's population. Unrest gathered pace as more Myanmar residents followed and on August 8, 1988 several hundred thousand troops deployed across the country to replace the BSPP with an electoral state.
The walk took as many as 3,000 demonstrators to contain it. They were organised under the guidance of Aung San Suu Kyi, Aung San's daugther, a Burma independent chief during Colonisation, and former General Tin Oo. Eventually, the army reacted to demands for democratization by calling for a putsch by the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), which pledged to conduct open ballots after the restoration of international order in Burma.
However, this outcome was ignored by the army, which retained power and kept arresting NLD leader and members. Myanmar continues to be under strict security controls. Recently, in August 2007, another round of grassroots protest began as the administration increased the price of gasoline without forewarning. The first violent break-up rallies began in Rangoon by pro-democracy militaries.
Afterwards, ten thousand members of the monastic community followed the protest and asked the army to apologise for their brutal response against the peace demonstrators. Buddhist friars, always powerful and admired in Burma's societies, described the army rulers as "the people' s enemy" and pledged to protest further until they had freed Burma from political diction.
Hesitantly attacking the monastic people, the army was waiting to take measures, but as the rallies increased over the course of a whole weekend, the army was crushed, arrested and thousand beheaded. At the moment there is again a peaceful situation in Burma, but it is a peaceful situation that must be forced through a strong presence of soldiers, if that can be called a peaceful situation at all.