Burma BackgroundMyanmar Background
Myanmar EBO - Burma's Story
Arakan and Mon were annexed to Burma in 1886. Chin & Kachin Hills and the Salween District (Karen State) are governed directly by the Brits as Frontier Areas. Burmese people such as the Arakan, Chin, Kachin, Karen, Karenni, Mon and Shan have their own countries and their own armed and civilian organizations.
Aboriginal minorities also exist in each of the seven abovementioned ethnical states. 1930' - The Burmese Independent Action is launched. 1940' - Burmese nationals are educated by Japan with the knowledge that the Japanese will help Burma achieve sovereignty over the Brits. In 1942 - Japan penetrates and occupation of Burma.
Chin, Kachin, Karen and Shans stay faithful to the Brits and are fighting against the Japanese and Burmese nationals. Born in 1944 - After it became clear that Japan had no interest in Burma's sovereignty, the Burmese nationals began fighting with Britain and its allies. They are beating Japan and driving them out of Burma. Bogyoke Aung San, Burma's ethnical leader and the Brits signed the Panglong Agreement establishing the Union of Burma.
In 1948 - Burma achieves British sovereignty and becomes the U Nu Burmese unit as premier. Work-in-progress: 1960 - The federal move to change the trade unions constitutional law begins. Aung Sang was murdered by a group of paramilitary leaders of former U Saw six month before Burma achieved full British sovereignty.
Although Burma achieved sovereignty, the interethnic leadership of Burma has put on ice the peace processes. Burma's early years after liberation were upheaval. Burma's first and greatest menace to the country was the Burmese Communist Party rebellion, which plunged Burma into civilian conflict just eight month after it became independent.
The Burmese military even rebelled during this instable era and the U Nu administration lived only because the Kinn, Kachin and Karen guns stayed with them. There was an ethnical mixture in the government: the president was Shan, the prime minister was Bama, the commander-in-chief and the chief of the air force was Karen.
Born in 1962 - General Ne Win conducts the army putsch "to stop the fall of the nation" and seizes control of Burma. In the states of Kachin, Chin and Shan, there is a major conflict. 1990- General elections take place and Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) won 82% of seat, the United Nationalities League for Democracy (UNLD) won 15% of seat, and the military-backed National Unity Parties (NUP) won only 2% of seat.
1962 General Ne Win - a former Burmese premier - took over from the U Nu democracy group. Burma was governed for 48 years, until 2010, by a series of armed forces that recklessly repressed personal and civic liberties in the land and banned all expressions of opinion.
Burma's 1962 military was inspired by the 1930s Nazi regime, and its politics did not leave room for ethnical variety or any kind of polisam. Their rule was inspired by former Burma empires such as King Anaw-ratha and King Bayin-naung, who saw the other ethnical states as areas that were not to be invaded.
It started a Burmese transformation in which non-Bamas were removed from Burmese population. During the 2010 parliamentary elections, the local political groups won enough votes to make their voice felt and to make an impact in their home countries and at country as well. Meanwhile, the cease-fire debate between ethnically based groups and the Myanmar authorities has been under way and it is expected that a cease-fire at EU scale will soon be sign.
Aboriginal nations want to participate equally in the formation of nations. Negotiating and developing a nationwide dialog to make sure that the ambitions and needs of the different nations are listened to and that long-term responses can be found. Please note: Burma is now formally known as Myanmar.
This name is not accepted by the democratic movements because it was renamed by their army leaders without consulting the Burmese population. Myanmar is claimed by the army to be more integrated than Burma, which is only the country representing the population. Burma and Myanmar are actually the same and are used in exchange.
Myanmar is a more slang and Myanmar is more of a literature.