Burma 2016Myanmar 2016
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Myanmar 2016 Crime and Security Report
Myanmar offers an unparalleled chance for US corporations to penetrate an up-and-coming and potentially profitable business that has been almost completely taboo for many years. Burma has the capacity to become the next border in Asia, according to the International Monetary Fund, multi-lateral investment in developing countries and other research sources from the non-governmental organisations, if it can harness its rich physical resource, its young workforce and its geo-political closeness to some of the world's most vibrant economy.
However, the long-term sustainability and sustainability of FDI depends on reforms, domestic reconstruction and the end of the decade-long ethnic dispute in Burma. Rangoon citizens are experiencing night-time robbery, small-time crimes and trespassing. By 2015, U.S. Embassy staff were reporting an attempt at a home intrusion. Myanmar is a pure money company with few exemptions (this changes, however, as more and more hotels and restaurants turning to the tourist industry begin to take payment cards).
Burma has risen from 156 in 2014 to 147 in 2015, according to the 2014 Corporate Perceptions Index of Transparcy International. In spite of Burma's drastic improvements over the past three years (from 172 to 147), it is a serious obstacle to investments and trade and pervades all levels of governance and business. U.S. businesses can gain an edge on proposals or bids, although the U.S. federal authorities have taken clear measures to increase visibility and assessment of key bids and fight corrupt practices.
Yet, US companies generally find that federal and businessmen are much less likely to seek relief or other gifts from them or anticipate than counterparts in other South East Asian lands. US airlines consider the absence of transparency in trade rules and regulation and the absence of an appropriate structure, which includes availability of trustworthy power, to be the main obstacles to their operations.
US organisations may find it hard to conduct due diligences with prospective counterparties and staff, making the effort to achieve visibility even more challenging. The 2014 World Bank Doing Businessman reported that Burma came last (189) for setting up a new company, penultimate (188) for contract enforcement and last (182) for investor protection.
Since then, however, the government has initiated a number of reform measures, such as the reduction of the corporation taxes in 2014. Doing Business Reports 2016 iterations reflect a slight enhancement in some headings. Rangoon has no "restricted areas", forbidden facilities or barricades. U.S. Embassy staff are forbidden to travel outside Rangoon in the dark.
Yet domestic ethnical conflict, community power and worship stress make certain areas of Burma taboo. Visiting permits must be obtained from the authorities before traveling to sensible areas. Foreign nationals traveling outside Rangoon or other large towns or locations may have trouble interacting with non-English-speaking people without a Myanmarinter.
Despite the government's compliance with key traffic routes (Rangoon-Mandalay Highway) and some security enhancements by the global fellowship, many streets are not reliable or can become invious after rain. However, drinking at the wheel is a big problem and represents a considerable nighttime hazard for people. Riders outside Rangoon are also struggling with omnipresent motorcycles.
Yangon and some parts of the state are easily accessible by taxi, coach and train. Taxi services are a more dependable means of transport in Rangoon. U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has not evaluated adherence to the security requirements of the IAA. Burmese merchant airlines' security footage is not readily available, but anaecdotal proof (years of transnational penalties and the incapacity to export spare parts for aircraft) indicates that they are inferior.
Petrol and policing facilities are restricted outside Rangoon and other large and urban areas, so drivers should make appropriate plans. Governments are vulnerable to the threats of terror and work with them. No indications exist that any of the Burmese counterterrorist organisations have operating capacities or active pursuit of the interests of the West.
Though in October 2013 an US national was wounded at the Traders Hotel (now Shangri-La Hotel), this person was not the designated destination. It is not a state-sponsored supporter of terrorism and does not allow alien combatants to cross the state. Uprisings in posts on jihadistic sites during periods of cultist abuse suggested that Islamic militants be sent to Burma to pay back for attacking Muslims in Rakhine state.
As a reaction to these possible dangers, the regime strengthened safety and took preventive action at possible destinations (Buddhist sanctuaries such as the Shwedagon Pagoda and Rangoon Int'l Airport). In 2014, the Union of Myanmar organized many major open days, such as the Pan-Asia Games and the Association of South East Asia (ASEAN) meeting, all without ado.
Myanmar has a minority-owned Islamic community with no anti-American feelings or activities; in fact, most Islamic groups are resolutely pro-American, as the US advocates in its name discriminatory practices by the Buddhist majoritarian group. In 2015, there were no cases of any kind of police force or terrorist attacks on Americans.
Inter-communal conflict, open demonstration and outbreaks of violent conflict can be challenging to US organisations in the US civil society and endanger US investment and operation, even if US units may not be directly affected. Burma's key challenges in terms of politics, economics, religion and ethnicity are how the various peoples of the Burmese nation can break a story of fragility in order to coexist and to keep the nation together not by violent but by policy.
Burma has been at risk of extinction since it gained sovereignty in 1948. It is one of the longest conflicts in the history of the civilian sector and has included all important nationalities. In 2011, the federal administration started signing armistice treaties with 14 ethnically based groups. The Kachin and Karen states, the greatest meeting of national ethnic groups in over 60 years, met in November 2013 and January 2014 to negotiate a countrywide truce and a policy dialog frame with the state.
As of 15 October 2015, the Indonesian authorities and eight civilian groups officially endorsed the definitive Nationwide Ceasefire Agreements (NCA); however, several civilian groups have not ratified this new treaty and are still at hostilities with the United States. There was no civilian disturbance or any kind of police force during the election.
Myanmar has a story of violence in response to peace-struggling. Protesters who violated the law on peace in protest without authorisation have been detained by the state. Myanmar has over 135 formally recognised different racial groups known as "national races". "Although Burma's multi-ethnicity is a fountain of nationwide egoism, it has also resulted in a long, savage story of violence, ethnical and religious wars.
Myanmar has 18 armed forces representing Kayin, Kachin, Shan, Mon and Wa among others. All of these groups control areas along Burma's frontier, and according to some reports, there are 100,000 combatants in all. Several insurgent ethnical groups are engaged in coal mines, frontier trading, timber felling and illegal activity (drug trafficking).
Military ethnical groups in frontier areas remain involved in crime activity, which includes drug production/trade, stone/woodmuggling, and traffic in people. A number of reports suggest that the authorities regard the implementation of these illegal activity as second only to safety and allow drug traffic in frontier areas in tacit opposition to co-operation with militarised nationalities.
What they all have in common, however, is a profound mistrust of the country's main administration and the wish to build a federation of armies that includes both the Burmese minority and the Burmese who currently rule the Union's armed forces (Tatmadaw). Myanmar is experiencing periodical low order bombing. The bombing is often carried out by rebel groups and is usually for intimidation or harassment.
Bombing occurred in North, West and East Burma in 2015, and non-exploded EEDs were detected in the states of Shan and Kachin. Inter-communal tensions also exist between Buddhist and Moslem communities, among them an estimated one million Muslims (Rohingya) in the state of Rakhine. A lot of Burma's indigenous groups regard this populace as irregular migrants.
As Rohingya is not recognised by the Chinese authorities as a minorities and most of them are not regarded as Myanmar nationals, they are not able to obtain identity papers or travelling papers. From 2013 to 2014, an increase in tension between the hard Buddhists and the Islamic minorities led to force, also in Rangoon and Mandalay.
Despite continuing high tension, the 2015 parliamentary election did not lead to inter-communal and general government power. In Rangoon, there is no rainwater discharge system. This means that low-lying parts of Rangoon and main roads are affected by run-off. Myanmar is also vulnerable to hurricanes.
At Rangoon, the hurricane has seriously affected transport, communications and electric sys-tems. Extraordinarily severe rainfall in July 2015 led to extensive floods and mudslides in northern and eastern Burma. Larger seismic distortions are present and should be taken into account in the development of possible emergency plans. Burma's infrastructures are below average in comparison to its neighbours and demand enormous investments and years of work.
One of the greatest problems is an old, insufficient electricity structure, which leads to a high incidence of electricity outages, even in large conurbations, as the increase in electricity consumption is still stronger than the increase in electricity supplies. Burma's telecommunication and web infrastructures are also inferior and have restricted access outside city areas and megacities.
Tendering for telecommunication licences was issued by the German federal and state governments to two multinational corporations in June 2013: In spite of the recent reform, the interest of the state in the activity of foreign nationals remains. Any visitor who has a delicate policy or trade activity should expect their activity to be supervised, especially in this area. By controlling the country's phone networks and ISPs, the authorities can intercept phone and email messages.
US public service organisations must be mindful that the "no expectations of privacy" policies can make it harder to discuss protected information and sensible information. Drug manufacturing and drug dealing are not associated with wide-spread or outrageous acts of force. A number of ethnical groups in frontier areas are strongly engaged in the manufacturing and trade of narcotic drugs.
Several of these ethnical groups use the revenue for military conflicts with the state. Myanmar is the second largest country in the worls producing epium, just behind Afghanistan. Methamphetamine is another important anaesthetic manufactured in Burma. Policing suffers from finite resource and corrupt practices. According to the 2008 Junta's Anti-Democratic Efforts Act (JADE), US nationals are banned from buying Myanmar ruby or Java.
The JADE Act, known as Public Law 110-286, bans, among other things, the import into the United States of jade and jewels that have been quarried or quarried in Burma (and jewels containing jade or ruby, which have been substantially converted in third countries). Bribery is widespread and some civil servants of the administration allegedly work with perpetrators or commit crime themselves under the guardianship of their state.
Should an officers persist, follow the orders, identifying yourself as an U.S. national, obtain the name and number of the officers, and ask courteously to talk to a superior and/or be taken to the Headquarter for further work. It is the duty of the U.S. Embassy to inform the authorities if an U.S. national has been detained.
In the event of your arrest, you should exercise this right and request that you talk to a U.S. Embassy Agent by phone at (95)-1-536-509 ×4240 or after office hour (95)-9-512-4330. Rangoon and Mandalay's main phone number is 199. Tourists' Highway Patrol numbers are 01-378-479 in Rangoon and 09-448-539-507 in Mandalay.
It liaises with and is available to US nationals during their time in Burma. The amount of traumatic therapy is severely restricted and the use of on-site clinics should be restricted to cases of acute outbreaks. In Rangoon, there is very little access to good health and extensive healthcare except for the smallest of treatments outside the city.
Because of insufficient diagnostics, scarce healthcare facilities and scarce healthcare staff, there are no comprehensive diagnostics and treatments available. People with serious physical problems (diabetes, cardiac diseases, bronchial obstruction s or anticoagulants (except aspirin)) will not be allowed to travel to Burma. The ACS keeps a record of doctors, hospitals and chemists as compiled by the Embassy Gesundheit Unit.
This embassy does not support certain official healthcare companies. Among these are e.g. hepatitis A and B, typhus, hepatitis, erythrocytes, hepatitis, erythrocytes, hepatitis, erythrocytes, thyroid itis, hepatitis. Long periods outside Rangoon call for vaccinations against Japan' s disease and prophylactic use. WHO's website also contains supplementary traveler information, which includes details of country-specific information on health: http://www.who.int/countries/en/.
On request, the RSO offers information for US companies, non-governmental organisations, universities and religious organisations. Regular opening hours: Monday-Friday, 8:00 am to 4:30 pm The embassy is available 24/7 to help US residents in emergency situations. Only those traveling on an official basis and funded by companies registering with the Ministry of Commerce are eligible for the government's Visa-on-arrival programme.
While there is no visa-on-arrival programme for travelers, Burma's e-visa programme allows travelers to obtain a visas on-line instead of visas from embassies or embassies. You can still request visas from the Myanmar Mission and the Myanmar embassies on the United States website: http://www.mewashingtondc.com/. Americans should register for the Smart Traveler Enrollment Programme (https://step.state. gov/step/) when they travel to Burma.
US nationals who wish to do businesses in Burma should visit the website of the Economic Department of the Rangoon Embassy for guidance and warnings visit the website of the Rangoon Embassy in Burma for more information. You can also apply to the U.S. Embassy Consular Section either on-line or in person. Before traveling, all Burmese travellers and US nationals should check the Foreign Ministry website (http://travel.state. gov) for the latest information on the state of the country's securitys.
For further information, it is recommended that U.S. nationals contact the Department of State Country Specific Information http://travel.state.gov/content/passports/english/country. html). There is also a US citizen blogs for the Embassy's consular section, Rangoon Snippets (http://blogs.usembassy. gov/burma/), which contains information of interest to Burmese residents or visitors and a Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/US-Embassy-Rangoon-Consular-Section-164487086904429/? fref=ts&ref=br_tf).
In Rangoon, the American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) offers support in conducting due diligences (contact: The Embassy's Commercial Department can also help businesses identify legal counterparties (contact: Manoj S. Desai, Senior Commercial Officer at DesaiMS@state.gov). Don't react to uninvited opportunity to make a living, even if it' s too good a chance to be it.
It is recommended that all US nationals abide by the rules of good faith so as not to become a victim of crimes. If you are confronted by an gunman, immediately surrender the requested belongings in order to prevent an escalation or violation. Don't talk about itineraries or other businesses in a place where others can overhear you.