class="mw-headline" id="Origin_of_the_name">Ursprung des Namens[a href="/w/index.php?title=Bruges&action=edit§ion=1" title="Abschnitt bearbeiten : Provenance of the name">edit]
Brügge (; Dutch: Brügge[?br???]; French: Brügge[b?y??]; German: Brügge) is the capitol and biggest town of the West Flanders region in the Flanders region in Belgium, in the north-west of the Netherlands. The importance of Bruges was increased by the introduction of the tide, which was important for trade, which was then called the "Golden Entrance".
Bruges was granted municipal rights on 27 July 1128 and new ramparts and channels were made. Bruges became the county of Flanders in 1089. From about 1050, the progressive accumulation of mud had led to the town losing its immediate entrance to the ocean. This new estuary extended as far as Damme, a town that became the business outskirts of Bruges.
However, after the Matins of Bruges (the nightly slaughter of the Bruges branch of the Franco Military on 18 May 1302 by members of the Flanders police ), the inhabitants of Bruges merged with the Count of Flanders against the Franks in 1302, which led to defeat in the Battle of the Golden Spurs on 11 July, at Kortrijk.
It had a police force as a constant para-military force. William Caxton in Bruges was the first ever English language print. During World War I Germans invaded Bruges, but the town was practically undamaged and was freed by the Alliances on 19 October 1918. In 1940, during the Second World War, the Germans once again invaded the town, which was again saved from being destroyed.
Zeebrugge harbour was constructed in 1907. The climate of Bruges is Atlantic (Köppen Cfb). Most of Bruges' mediaeval architectural heritage is still alive, making it one of the best conserved mediaeval cities in Europe. 33 ] The historical center of Bruges has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000. Many of his mediaeval edifices are remarkable, among them the Frauenkirche, whose peak of bricks reached 115.
Bruges' most celebrated emblem is the bell tower from the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries, which houses a town glockenspiel with 48 chimes. 35 ] The town still retains a full-time glockenspiel who regularly gives free gigs. Further well-known edifices in Bruges are: Sacred Blood, a reliquary of the Holy Blood that was taken to the town by Thierry of Alsace after the Second Crusade, is taken through the town' s roads every year.
Over 1,600 residents take part in this kilometre-long liturgical parade, many wearing mediaeval or crusader dress. Groeninge Museum, which has an important collections of mediaeval and early contemporary works, among them a remarkable Flemish Primitive one. A number of different master craftsmen, among them Hans Memling and Jan van Eyck, were living and working in Bruges.
Kruispoort, Gentpoort, Smedenpoort and Ezelpoort are the gates of the old town that have been conserved. Air photo over one of the Bruges channels. Old house rooftops in the center of the town. Burgplatz with the town hall. The Bruges region has access to motorways in all directions: Travelling within the "Eies", the historic center surrounded by the Bruges canal district, is prevented by means of transport control systems, which include a one-way streetwork.
Bruges Central Train Station is at the heart of the connections to the Belgium coastline. There are also at least every hour train connections to all other large towns in Belgium as well as to Lille, France. There is a good network of buses to the city center, although the train depot is only 10 minutes' walking distance from the city' shops and 20 minutes' walking distance from the market square.
Blueprints for a north-south urban railway link through Bruges, from Zeebrugge to Lichtervelde, and a urban railway link between Bruges and Ostend are underway. In Ostend, the closest international destination is Ostend-Brugge International Airports (approximately 25 km from Bruges downtown ), but with restricted air transportation and services.
There is also a recent public transport service from Brussels South Charleroi Airport to Bruges. Brügge has an extended network of buses run by De Lijn which provide easy transport to the urban and suburban centres (Stadtlinien, Dutch: stadslijnen) as well as to many cities and small settlements in the surrounding area ( regionale Linien, Dutch: streeklijnen).
here in the harbour of Zeebrugge, currently one of the worlds tallest containerships. Bruges harbour is Zeebrugge (Bruges by the sea). From 1998 to 2016, Bruges organised the launch of the Flanders Cycling Tour, which took place in April and was one of the major sports tournaments in Belgium. Bruges was one of the eight UEFA European Football Championship venues in 2000, jointly organised by Belgium and its neighbours Netherlands, campuses in Sint-Michiels.
Brügge is an important educational center in West Flanders. In addition to the several elementary and middle-schools there are also some universities, such as VIVES (a merger of the former KHBO (katholieke home college Brugge Oostende) and KATHO (katholieke home college Brugge Oostende) or HOWEST (Hogeschool West-Vlaanderen). In addition, the town is home to the College of Europe, a renowned institute for post-graduate research in European economics, law and politics, and the United Nations University Institute for Research on Comparing Regions (UNU-CRIS), a research and training institute of the United Nations University specializing in the field of comparing research on local development.
As a result of this policy in the fifties, Bruges rejected a hull with Nice and other cities that had been autographed by a Belgium embassador without prior consultations. It was in the seventies that a Belgium Konsul in Oldenburg had the Burgomaster of Bruges signing a statement of friendship which he wanted to present as a hull in futile form.
Partnerships between some of the former municipalities that fused with Bruges in 1971 were shelved. That does not mean that Bruges is not interested in working with others, both in the long and long run, on specific ventures. Bastogne, Luxembourg, Belgium After the Second World War and in the seventies, Bruges maintained amicable relationships with Bastogne, in particular the Bruges fire brigade.
Every year the Nussstadt kids were given a free vacation by the sea in Zeebrugge. Arolsen, Hesse, Germany From the fifties to the eighties, Bruges was the sponsor of the Belgian First Regiment of the Horse Watch, based in Arolsen. Salamanca, Castilla y León, Spain Both cities were named European Capital of Culture in 2002, Bruges had organised some exchange programmes with Salamanca.
In 2007, the collaboration between Bruges and Mon opened in Hainaut, Belgium. Burgos, Castilla y León, Spain On 29 January 2007 the Burgos and Bruges Municipal Councils approved a Memorandum of Understanding on further co-operation in the fields of culture, tourism and the economy. Bruges was the birthplace of the following people: in the fifteenth centuries the town became a centre of attraction for a number of notables: the famous "Bruges", the "Bruges of the Year" and the "Bruges of the Year":
A number of Bruges beer are called after Bruges, such as Bruges Blond, Bruges Triple, Brugs, Brugse Babbelaar, Brugse Straffe Hendrik and Brugse Zot. But only Brugse Zot and Brugse Straffe Hendrik are still produced in the town itself, in the Halve Maan brewery. Bruges is home to a movie by the Irish-British filmmaker Martin McDonagh, featuring Colin Farrell and Brendan Gleeson, which takes place almost exclusively in Bruges.
Pieter Aspe's investigative tales are located in Bruges. Audrey Hepburn, a drama movie published in 1959 by Warner Bros. Pictures, is mainly based in Bruges. De Niccolò is the first in Dorothy Dunnett's 8-part House of Niccolò by Niccolò W. Niccolò W. Niccolò W. Niccolò takes place mainly in Bruges, and other volumes in the 8-part House of Niccolò range also have parts in Bruges.
Hollinghurst's novel The Folding Star takes place in a Flanders city that is recognizable as Bruges. L'Astrologue de Bruges, a Belgium band design from Roger Leloup's Yoko Tsuno range, is performed entirely in Bruges, both contemporarily and in 1545. The last part of Saul Bellow's novel The Adventures of Augie March features Augie on a journey through France on her way to Bruges on work.
The year 2014 sees the Bollywood movie PK, the opening scene with Anushka Sarma and Sushant Singh Rajput (including Chaar Kadam) playing in Bruges. Panoramic view of the town taken from the bell tower (2009). Statistics Belgium; Population of the municipality on 1 January 2008 (Excel file) Filed on 26 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
Total resident area of all communes in Belgium from 1 January 2008. Statistics Belgium; De Belgische Stadsgewesten 2001 (pdf-file) Archives on 29 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Definition of metropolitan regions in Belgium. Bruges Metropole is made up of three parts. Firstly, the conurbation (agglomeration), in this case the Bruges commune, with 117 073 residents (1 January 2008).
"Ascension, Fall and Rising form the biography of Bruges, a town that in Northern Europe glistened with the same elegance as Venice in the Mediterranean. "The College of Europe in Bruges: An ethnography of Bruges in the Middle Ages. Bruges and Europe. Castilian Community in Bruges in the 16th century".
Economical discourse in Bruges of the 15th century". Magazine for mediaeval music. "Bruges, Belgium". Historical Centre of Bruges - UNESCO World Heritage Centre. How to get to Bruges. Auto to Bruges. The Brugge Footballclub has good news about the new "stadium". Het Nieuwsblad". nieuwsblad.be. Bruges, cradle of capitalism 1280-1390.
"Explore the beautiful medieval city of Belgium" (Video+Text). Commons Wikimedia has related to Bruges related news items. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Bruges. "Bruges." "Bruges." "Bruges."