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Breda and the Netherlands (Dutch pronunciation: The town and community of[bre??da?] ("listen") is in the south of the Netherlands in the North Brabant County. Breda derives its name from the word Breda meaning'wide aa' and means the conflux of the Mark and Aa rivers As a walled town, the town was of great importance for strategy and politics.
Though it was a fief of the Holy Roman Emperor, it was granted a town privilege; the purchase of Breda through Nassau's wedding by the House made sure that Breda would be at the heart of Dutch politics and society. In 2017 Breda had 183,456 inhabitants, the greater Breda area had 324,812 inhabitants.
Breda was a fiefdom of the Holy Roman Emperor in the 16th century, his first known master was Heinrich von Brunesheim (1080-1125). In 1252 the town of Breda was granted the town privileges. Afterwards Breda had the right to fortify. It built bricks and doors in romanesque wall.
With the purchase of the town by the House Orange-Nassau, the residential town was created. Orange-Nassau drew other noblemen who erected palacelike mansions in the old town. Most imposing, erected by the famous Italien arquitect Thomas Vincidor de Bologna for the first Netherlandish princes, was the first building in Renaisance northeast of the Alps.
A fire in 1534 devastated nine tenth of the village, near 1300 buildings, church and chapel and the townhall. During the Eighty Years War in July 1581, Breda was attacked and besieged by a group of Spaniards under the leadership of Claudius van Barlaymont, whose nickname was Haultpenne.
Though the town had given itself on the proviso that it would not be looted, the forces let out their anger at the people. Breda came back into the possession of the Netherlands and Maurice of Nassau in March 1590, when a hand-picked troop of 68 men, hidden under the lawn of a bold barge, entered the town in a bold map by Adriaen van Bergen (Siege of Breda (1590)).
In 1624-25, after a ten-month long besiege, the town gave itself once again to the Spanish, who were now headed by Spinola; the incident was immortalised by Diego Velázquez. During the 1637 Breda besiege, the town was reconquered by Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, after a four-month besiege, and was eventually relinquished to the Dutch Republic in 1648 by the Treaty of Westphalia.
Stuart Charles II of England, who lived in exiles, lived in Breda during most of his exiles during the Cromwellian Commonwealth and Protectorate, thanks to the presence of Charles' sisters Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, the wife of Prince William II of Orange (died 1650). The declaration by Charles II of Breda (1660) was mainly inspired by proposals made by the general parliamentarian George Monck, who announced his terms for the acceptance of the English throne, which he would receive if he was regained a few month later in the year.
Breda Treaty was concluded in the town on 31 July 1667 and ended the Second Anglo-Dutch War, in which the Dutch were confronted with the same Charles II who was their visitor. From 1746 to 1748 the Congress of Breda took place here, a string of discussions between Great Britain and France with the aim of ending the Austrian War of Succession, which eventually resulted in the signature of the Treaty of aix-la-Chapelle.
The town was under Nazi rule during the Second World War. Every year during the Liberation Day celebrations Breda is attended by a large number of Poles and the town of Breda dedicates a particular part of the celebrations to the deceased Poles. There is a memorial and the Maczek and 1st Armoured Division of Poland in the centre of the town.
The town of Breda was the site of one of the first Panoptikum prisons, Koepelgevangenis. They were Willy Paul Franz Lages, who was set free in 1966 due to serious sickness, Joseph Johann Kotälla, who passed away in 1979 in jail, and Ferdinand von der Fünten and Franz Fischer, both of whom were set free in 1989 and later that year.
Breda is subdivided into 7 districts: Topographical view of the town of Breda, March 2014. It was a centre of the food and beverage industries. It also had a refinery that supplied its most famous product. The BREDA beers are a world-famous beverage produced in this area.
Breda's principal areas of interest are the downtown area and the south. Downtown contains old houses and parts of the water ditches and the docks. Valkenberg is a large open space half way between Breda Central Train and the Grote Markt. Breda Castle.
St. Anthony's Catholic St. Anthony's Cathedral, the Breda Catholic-Diocese. Townhall. Linguistically speaking, the Brabantine word is very similar to that of the slang of the Netherlands. Also, some call Breda the opposite of burning man. The following are Breda's museums: Breda's soccer team, NAC Breda, is playing in the highest division in the Netherlands, the Eredivisie, after being sponsored by the Eerste Divisie in 2017.
Breda's Leichtathletikclub, A.V. Sprint (nl), is the biggest of its kind in the Netherlands. Breda's Golden Glory, is a kick boxing school. Each year in October the Bredase Singelloop (nl) is a big street race on the half Marathons range with a panel of domestic and internat...
Karl II of England, resided in Breda for most of his exiles during the Commonwealth of England. "Colonel " Thomas Parker, the Elvis Presley director, borne and brought up in Breda as Andreas Cornelius van Kuijk. The city of Breda is the home of several international well-known performers of electronical dancing like R3hab, Dannic, W&W and former World No.1 dj' s - Tiësto and Hardwell.
Their 2011 collaborative song Zero 76's name comes from Breda's preselection. It is also the birth place of former Olympian Karin Brienesse and former outdoor athlete Remco van Wijk, who twice won the golden medals at the Summer Olympics with the Dutch national team:
The town Breda is home to the Netherlands based Daan Manneke and Kristoffer Zegers. Pierre van Hooijdonk, a national footballer from the Netherlands, was playing in Breda. Others were Antoon (Rat) Verlegh, Kees Rijvers, Kees Kuijs, Leo Canjels, Daan Writers, Frans Bouwmeester, Nico Rijnders, Ad Brouwers, Bertus Quaars, Martin Vreysen and Ton Lokhoff.
There are two train stops in Breda, Breda and Breda-Prinsenbeek, which offer services to Zuid-Holland (Dordrecht - Rotterdam - The Hague) and Tilburg - Eindhoven and from Breda train stop also to Roosendaal with services to Vlissingen and Antwerp. There are also train services from Breda to Amsterdam and Den Bosch - Nijmegen.
The Breda Oost train terminal will open after 2020. A27 is also a northbound highway linking Breda with Utrecht. The A58 also links Breda with Tilburg and Eindhoven. Breda has four types of buses: city busses, local, volans and long-distance coaches. City busses run only within Breda (sub 12 numbers), local busses offer links to surrounding areas, Volans busses are more luxury busses to Etten-Leur and Oosterhout (31x and 52x busses), and long-distance busses linking Gorinchem and Utrecht with Breda (401, 402).
Connexxion also operates a Zeeland bus line (19) connecting Breda with Hulst and Antwerp. She is a partner: Skip up ^ "de geheer P.A.C.M. van der Velden" (in Dutch). Municipality of Breda. The CBS Statline (in Dutch). Actor Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). The CBS Statline (in Dutch). The CBS Statline (in Dutch).
"Breda." The Prince of Orange and later King or Queen of the Netherlands kept using the name; today Queen Beatrix uses the name Baron of Breda. Bounce up ^ "Brew a coffee like Breda does in Guernsey " This Is Guernsey". High ^ "Breda". "The Benelux Koch Media Benelux Princenhagelaan 1 C4 4813 DA Breda Netherlands" ^ Leap to: a d "Church and church visit, 2010-2014".