Discover Borobudur holiday and discover the best time and places to visit. **spspan class="mw-headline" id="EtymologieEtymologie[edit]>> Thanikaimoni analyzed these specimens and investigated their pores and pollens to determine the nature of the flora that had developed in the area around the Borobudur building period. Borobudur seems to have been encircled by farmland and palms at the moment of erection of the memorial, as it is still the case today.

In 1985-86 Caesar Voûte and the gemorphologist Dr. J.J. Nossin investigated the Borobudur Sea assumption and affirmed the lack of a Borobudur Sea at the moment of its building and its ancillary use. A New Perspective on Some Old Questions about Borobudur were released in 2005 in the UNESCO paper "The Restoration of Borobudur".

The Borobudur-stupas with a mountain view. 7 ] It was noted that the Redi Borobudur was sieged and the rebels were beaten by the kings and condemned to their deaths. Borobudur's major stupa in the middle of the nineteenth centuary, a wood decking was set up over the major stupa. ÿ Borobudur's interest was more in person than officially.

Because of the instability of the memorial, the main commissioner for culture goods in 1882 advised Borobudur to be completely dismantled and the relief to be moved to musees. In 1885 Borobudur drew public interest when the Flemish architect Jan Willem IJzerman (id; nl), chairman of the Archaeological Society in Yogyakarta, made a discover about the secret arch.

40 ] Photos showing relief on the hiding base were taken in the years 1890-1891. Borobudur had at first sight been regained its former sheen. Later, however, he disassembled the Hattra and quoted that not enough originals were used in the reconstruction of the tip, which means that the initial Borobudur tip is actually not known.

Disassembled Chattra is now housed in the Karmawibhangga Museum, a few hundred metres from Borobudur. In fifteen years the wall of the galery collapsed and the relief showed indications of new tears and decay. 62 ][63] In 1991, a stone-faced Moslem minister, Husein Ali Al Habsyie, was convicted of lifelong detention for conducting a string of mid-1980s bomb attacks, which included the Tempel War.

Kyrgyzstan's political and military personnel in August 2014 strengthened safety precautions in and around the Borobudur sanctuary as a safeguard against a menace published in the public relations press by a self-proclaimed Indonesia arm of ISIS, quoting that the Borobudur fighters and other sculptures in Indonesia were to be destroyed. 66 ] The safety enhancements involved the repairs and enhanced use of CCTV screens and the introduction of a overnight patrol in and around the sanctuary grounds.

The Borobudur is constructed as a large monolithic stupa and, seen from above, assumes the shape of a huge Tantra buddhistic mandate that represents both the buddhistic universe and the essence of the spirit. 71 ] The initial base is a rectangle, about 118 meters (387 ft) on each side. 40 ] The "hidden base" contains relief, 160 of which describe the actual K?madh?tu

All the other relief are plates with brief engravings that seem to give the sculptor directions and illustrate the scene to be made. 81 ] There is another hypothesis that the shelter basis was added because the initial concealed foundation was wrongly constructed, according to Vastu Shastra, the old India textbook on urbanism.

The reliefs were made on site after completion of the construction. The Borobudur is very different from the general construction of other buildings that have been constructed for this use. Borobudur is constructed on a naturally occurring mound instead of on a level area. Borobudur was initially considered a stupa rather than a sanctuary without the interiors that can be seen in other sanctuaries and with a general appearance resembling the form of a pyrid.

On the other side a church is used as a place of God. Borobudur's painstakingly complex nature indicates that it is indeed a sanctuary. You will find the front door on the east side, where the first story relief is located. Archaeologists during the Borobudur excavations found color pigmentation of bluish, reddish, green, blackened and golden foils and came to the conclusion that the monuments we see today - a colorless, deep grey compound of vulcanic rock - were probably once covered with Varyalepa whitewash and then decorated with light color, which perhaps served as a lighthouse of Buddhist tea.

Borobudur bas-reliefs were probably quite colorful before the color pigment was replaced by deluge-like rain. There are two relief on top of each other in the wall of the first balcony, each consisting of 120 plates. Karmavibangga scenes on Borobudur's hiding feet, on the right the wicked act of murdering and boiling tortoises and fish, on the right those who live by murdering an animal are tormented in hell by being boiled live, sliced or tossed into a blazing hous.

In 1890 Casijan Chepas took a photograph of the pedestal of the Borobudur shrine to unveil the concealed leg. These photos are exhibited in the Borobudur Museum (Karmawibhangga Museum), which is only a few hundred metres northern of the Shrine. In the course of the renovation, the feet coating that covers the Karmawibhangga relief was reattached.

The Jatakas and avadana are dealt with in one and the same set in the Borobudur relief. Aside from the history of Buddhist Cosmology, which is set in rock, Borobudur has many sculptures of different Buddhas. Buddha headless in Borobudur because her discoveries of numbers were taken from Buddha's mind and ended up in foreign museuses.

The mudra of the Borobudur Buddhas are to be visited according to the order of Pradakshina (clockwise) from the east: Borobudur in June 1950. A number of archeological remains from Borobudur or its reproduction have been exhibited in some Indonesian and foreign museuses. In addition to the Karmawibhangga Museum on the grounds of the Borobudur Theatre, some of them house Borobudur vestiges, such as the Indonesian National Museum in Jakarta, the Tropical Museum in Amsterdam, the British Museum in London and the Thai National Museum in Bangkok.

The Louvre in Paris, the Malaysian National Museums in Kuala Lumpur and the World Religions in Taipei also showed a reproduction of Borobudur. Borobudur's picture is emblematic of the Central Java region and the regency of Magelang. The name Borobudur is the name of several institutions such as the Borobudur University, the Borobudur Hotel in Central Jakarta and several local Indian restaurant abroad.

The name Borobudur was mentioned in the Rupiah bank note, postage stamp, book numbers, publication, documentation and Indonesia tourist advertising material. It has become one of the most important tourist attractions in Indonesia, which is indispensable for the regional economies in the area around the Shrine. Yogyakarta's tourist industry, for example, thrives in part because of its close vicinity to the Borobudur and Prambanan churches.

Disseminated parts of the Borobudur sanctuary at the Karmawibhangga Museum. They still can't find their initial position. Leap up ^ "Largest Buddhistic temple". Accessed January 27, 2014. High jumping ^ Purnomo Siswoprasetjo (July 4, 2012). "Borobudur calls Guinness the greatest Buddha sanctuary in the world." Archives from the orginal on November 5, 2014. Accessed January 27, 2014.

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