Bordering Countries of BurmaBurmese border countries
With what nations does India not divide its borders?
With the exception of Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, all nations of the globe have shared their frontiers with India. With the exception of Pakistan, China, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan and Sri Lanka (it is an insular state, not a frontier crossing point), India does not cross its state.
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Tibet, Nepal, China, Myanmar and Pakistan have a joint terrestrial frontier with India, while the Maldives and Srilanka, despite their neighbours, have no joint terrestrial frontier with India. Maps of Afghanistan show the borders with India. But, in fact, Afghanistan is separate from India by Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
It' near India without dividing the frontier. We have so many nations that do not have a shared landmass with India. So these are only the lands that have a shared frontier with India. Apart from these lands, no other nation has shared its borders with India. A lot of nations do not have the same borders as India.
Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan Bangladesh and Myanmar have their own frontiers with our state. Afghans have continental frontier with India, but it is in the part of POK. The Maldives and Sri Lanka are two neighbouring nations that are not linked by road but by channel. Apart from these nations, no other nation shares a shared frontier with India.
Together with Russia, China has the most frontiers with its neighbours (14). These are: Korea (North), Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam. China's boundaries have undergone several changes over the course of the ages and relationships with its neighbours are a complicated history of China's historic evolution.
Only in the 19th c. were the boundaries of China defined and the idea of China as a state of nationhood evolved, before that the Chinese saw themselves as dominators of "all under the sky". The focus was on China, and the further they went, the wilder and more barbarous the people became.
Click on a state on the menu to see a detailed explanation of that state. Until the middle of the nineteenth cent Russia was a small EU state around the east shore of the Baltic Sea. GREAT GAME was published in Central Asia between Russia and Great Britain (1813-1907).
The UK wanted to defend its important interests in India (The Jewel in the Crown ) by preventing Russia's further southerly ascend. In 1902 Great Britain took over Tibet in order to avoid the establishment of Russia's power. This is a very useful way to see how China behaves in comparison to other nations and how different the areas that make up China are.
It has always been more controversial on the borders with Russia. In 1689 the Treaty of Nerchinsk gave China full command of the production country just south of the Heilongjiang (Amur) River. Growing Russia's army force compelled China to undo this in the 1858 Treaty of Aigun , which was at the height of the ruined opium wars with Britain.
In 1861 Russia quickly set up a harbour in Vladivostok, which gave her entry to the Northern Pacific. The Russians wanted to be transported to their new harbour by rail and this necessitated the construction of the Trans-Siberian railroad through Manchuria. Simultaneously, the Russian-Chinese frontier in the northwest was the site of attacks by Chineses.
The Russians returned the favor by marching into the Ili River at ? around Yiling, Xinjiang (1860-61). Franco-Hungzhang Li Hongzhang In 1896, the China-Japan War (1894-95) gave Russia more opportunities to push licences out of China. In 1896, Li Hongzhang licensed Russia the right to construct the Trans-Siberian railroad through China's area. They also took over Port Arthur (now Lushun) in Liaoning (1898) and controlled the Yellow Sea to Tianjin.
Now the U.S.S.R. was supporting both the Communists and the Nationalists in China in their revolt against the Qing government. In 1924, when a People's Republic was established in Mongolia, Russia's power increased in northern China. Following the founding of the People's Republic in October 1949, Russia provided Russia with technological, strategic and commercial assistance to China.
An undercover agreement gave China entry to deliveries of nuclear weapons, and first Russia assisted in the development of the first nuclear weapon ? in 1964. The" Sino-Soviet divide" slowed down the relationship in the early 1950' and early 1960' and then turned it into complete antagonism. During the 1970', Russia assisted enemy governments against China in Vietnam; Laos and developed attack capacities on its long frontier with China, especially in Mongolia.
On Hainan Isles, China developed large scale defence systems because China was afraid of an enemy from Vietnam, and it was only with the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. that the tension has subsided. The Mongolia is taking a big nibble from the north of China. It is still a controversial issue on the precise borders with China, as the borders run through open grasslands and deserts without the possibility of marking a frontier.
For the last few thousand years China has had problems with the Mongolian population in the Nordic countries. In the Mongol (Yuan) and Qing period it was an inherent part of China. Mongolia's partition as an autonomous supreme country is a small coincidence in the course of time. Outer Mongolia proclaimed independence after the downfall of the Qing Cynasty ("Manchu") in 1912.
The 1917 Russians backed the 1917 Russians and the 1924 Outer Mongolia revolutions made it aommunist state. As a counterpart to its assistance in the 1937-45 Japanese conflict, China recognized Russia's USSR domination of Mongolia. In the years of bad Sino-Soviet relationships, it stayed in alliance with Russia and was used as a basis for many of Russia's bases.
Mongolia went on its way to a democratic and reformed markets with the dissolution of the U.S.S.S.R. in 1992. Though it is a large nation, it is thinly inhabited. The Mongols are still shepherds like their forebears ancestrally. In North China, especially in Inner Mongolia, there are more Mongolian people than in Mongolia itself.
For hundreds of years, China has seen the Koreans as part of the Chinais. At various periods from the Han to the Qing dynasties, Korea had been a minion state. Korea's relationship with China has been important for hundreds of years, especially in the last hundred years, and that is why we have devoted a whole section to it.
Vietnam is a relatively recent invention after the dissolution of the state of Indochina in France. Viet Nam has a rough frontier with the counties of Guangxi and Yunnan. North Vietnam was under the Han Dynasty's control 2000 years ago. In the following century Annam (to which Vietnam also belonged) was regarded as China's "little bro ?".
In 1885, when the Qing Empire was attacked by alien forces in the Opium Wars, France took the edge and made Vietnam part of its Indochina empire. In 1954 the refugees were expelled from Indochina due to Indian rebellion and soon became victims of the U.S.S.R., the USA and China's policy expulsion.
In 1955, the US army interfered to assist the besieged regime in Vietnam on the excuse of stopping the fall of the Communists from North Vietnam. At first, China and Russia jointly sponsored the Viet Minh in the North. Following the division of the Sino-Soviet side , China shifted its assistance to the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia (Cambodia) and not to Vietnam (although Cambodia has no frontier with China), Cambodia became China's most important associate in Southeast Asia.
In 1979 China briefly invaded Vietnam. The earthquake risk is great and China has the doubtful honour of suffering the greatest human casualty losses in the earth. It is a geological diversity and consists of a small tectonical plate which sometimes glide against each other.
When the U.S.S.S.R. was dissolved in 1991, Vietnam became an autonomous state with better ties to China and growing bi-lateral trad. Tensions with China continue to exist, with controversial territory rights over the Spratly Islands ?. It retains regional rights to much of the South China Sea, which should of course be Vietnam.
The Yunnan to Laos province boundary is small (only 200 miles[322 km]) and concealed in the hills. There are many tribal people in Yunnan with historic ties to related people across the borders. The Theravada Buddhism continues to be the dominating religious and forms the culture background. By the middle of the eighteenth centuary, the realm of Laos had invasions from neighbouring Burma.
Throughout the Qing Empire, the Black Flag Army conquered Laos and Vietnam at ? (Chinese rebels). A similar destiny to Vietnam was divided between Laos and France, which annihilated it in the years of declining Qing rule after the Opium Wars. After the dissolution of Franco-Indochina in 1954, the civil war erupted and the county became involved in the Vietnam-Cambodia wars.
During this time the China frontier was shut down. Only since 1989 have relationships with China normalised. Lapland is still a landlocked area. Recently, the roads with Yunnan have intensified traffic with China. China's frontier with Myanmar/Burma lies near the Yunnan provinces. Burma was compelled to take China's rule with the extension of China's rule under the Qing Empire and became a Chinaasal state.
The United Kingdom dreamed of constructing a railroad from India via Burma to China in 1876 to connect with its nascent contract harbour in Shanghai. However, Britain's interest in the protection of the Hindu imperium resulted in the invasion of Burma in 1886. Burma, as part of the UKE, was on its way to China during the Second World War.
Burma Roads was the most important overland supply lane for the nation's capitol Chongqing. Trucking was stopped with the April 1942 Japnasion in Burma. Another itinerary through Ledo re-established the connection through North Burma. Intense wars in the jungles had expelled the Japanes from Burma until 1945.
Myanmar has been the region's main anti-India coalition since China's independence. There is now a great deal of international traffic as several highways cross China's south frontier. Himalayas are the largest and most powerful physical frontier between two different states. Highest summits of the Himalayas, and Everest included, are scored along the boarder.
Thinking of India for many hundreds of years as an enchanting country beyond the hills. Buddhism came to China from India and Buddhism had a very profound and enduring influence on China's people. As India was under Britain's control (1858-1947), Britain's stance towards China mirrored broader world interests.
Protecting the British Indian Empire was an important element in Britain's strategy during the Second World War including Burma's defence. In 1950, when the Dalai Lama escaped from Tibet to India, he set up in Tezpur, east of the Bhutanese Himalayas. In 1962, China-India became a state of belligerency.
There was a quarrel over small parts of the area along the border: the Aksai Chin and the N.E.F.A. (North East Frontier Area) near the Myanmar frontier. This historic boundary was crossed by the British Raj and apparently accepted by the Tibetans, but not by the Chineses. Fears that the entry of China's forces would result in a total invasion of the whole state.
On November 21, 1962, China withdrew and the de facto arrangement was that China would keep the Aksai Chin and India the LP. The controversy forced India into the U.S.S.S.R.'s jurisdiction because it was at that time against China. Over the last ten years, India's growing economy and pace of expansion has competed with that of China.
Two of the world's most densely populated countries with a shared frontier are still not the best mates. Nestled in the Himalayas, the Nepalese mountains like Bhutan have defied Indian and Chinese controls. Buddhism remains the most important culturally influential. The area came under the control of Tibetans after the Licchavi dictatorship of ? came to an end.
Since then, the land has remained loyal to its Tibetian neighbours. In 1768 the present-day empire was established by Prithvi Narayan Shah and at times stretched as far as the North. When the Nepal Tibet China War (1789-92) ended with the China War, the British established the British frontier, and although it was formally an autonomous empire, it was actually under the control of Britain.
Maoist Communist Party of Nepal at ? was fighting a civil war (1996-2006) and the state is still looking for it. China, perhaps unexpectedly, has taken the side of the regime rather than that of the Maoist revolution. Throughout its history it was under UK rule as a royal empire until 1947, when it became an autonomous state.
The Buddhism is the main religious tradition of the Bhutanese population. The Himalayan Himalayas have a close 200-mile (322 km) frontier with Pakistan. It is controversial with India, but also with China, as it crosses the unstable political area of Kashmir (?). Part of the Mughal Empire (1526-1857), Pakistan was led as a Moslem state by the descendants of Genghis Khan.
Territorial controls followed the Indus River from the Indus River to Tibet. British India" was divided into three parts after gaining British sovereignty in 1947: Western Pakistan (Muslim); India (Hindu) and Eastern Pakistan (Muslim). It was not possible to settle the boundary between Pakistan and India in the hilly Kashmir area. Pakistan fed on the continuing hostility towards India and stood on China's side in the 1962 Chinese-Indian War.
During the 1980s, China assisted in equipping Pakistan with weapons, which included the nuclear weapon. It is planned for China and Pakistan to construct an important transport connection that would enable China's goods to quickly arrive at a harbor in the Indian Ocean. She has good relationships with China. It is a small country, only 64 km long and a geographic and historic strifes.
Afghanistan's lead over China follows a dale - the Wakhan River at ?. The aim was to deny Russia a frontier with British India. The hostilities between Russia and China were mirrored in the state of the Kabul marionette regimes when Afghanistan was invaded by Russian troops (1979-1992).
Afghanistan's present administration maintains amicable ties with Beijing. Tajikistan's contact with China dates back to the Han Emperor Wudi's Han Empire, when Tajikistan belonged to Bactria (known by the Chinese as Daxia ??). There is only one (200 miles[322 km] frontier to Xinjiang County. There are also many Tajiks on the other side of the Chinese frontier.
We' ve superimposed a Google card of China with our own extra information: airfields, towns and tourist sites to discover this mega-land. Issyk Kul Lake was a stopover on the Silk Road for hundreds of years. This is the northerly boundary of most of Xinjiang County for about 500 mile.
It is a large nation that covers an area similar to India; it has a frontier of 800 nautical mile (.287 km) with Xinjiang County. Most Kazakhs in Xinjiang have a Kazakh tribe affiliation, which makes it probably the greatest menace to China. The story of the often tricky relationship between China and Japan.
The 1937-45 invasion of China by Japan and the US's ongoing assistance to Japan have resulted in persistent tensions between government and people. While Japan is an archipelagic state without frontiers, Japan's relationship with China has been important for hundreds of years, especially in the last hundred years, which is why we have devoted an entire section to it.
Taiwan (or Formosa or Taipei ) is considered a provincial territory by China's continental United States.