Bolzanocity of Bolzano
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Bozen (; pronounced in Italian: bol?tsa?no ], list (help-info) or[bol?dza?no]; German: Bozen (formerly Botzen), Germ: Bozen: Ladin: Balzan or Bulsan; Latin: Bauzanum) is the provincial capitol of South Tyrol in North Italy. Bolzano is also by far the biggest town in South Tyrol with 105,713 inhabitants (2013).
Together with other Alpine cities in South Tyrol, Bolzano is involved in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the realisation of the Alpine Convention. Bolzano was named Alpine Town of the Year 2009. Bozen is regarded as a link between North and South due to the three linguistic areas of South Tyrol, Italy, German and Ladin and the convergence of Italy and Germany-Austria.
Bolzano's territory is 52. Situated in a valley in which the Sarntal, the Eisacktal and the Adige Valley join with their valleys Talfer, Eisack and Etsch. During the Middle Ages, the two most important Alpine passes, the Via Claudia Augusta over the Resia Pass and the Brenner Pass, came together in Bolzano.
The town was very important for commerce. It is situated at an elevation of 262 metres above the surface. neighborhoods: Twelve timesgreies were integrated into the town of Bolzano in 1911 and the town of Gries in 1925. Bolzano has a damp sub-tropical atmosphere (Cfa) with warm summer and very cool winter for Italy.
Bolzano's mild climatic conditions are due to its low elevation in a low mountain range just below the principal Alp. During the interwar era, Benito Mussolini's fascist regime and Italianization policies made the linguistic group the dominant group in Bolzano. Already before the Treaty of Versailles 1919, when Italy annexed Alto Adige to Italy, a small group of up to 10% of the inhabitants of the city already inhabited the city.
Thus the town was already then a place where both civilizations met. Bolzano was a swampy land in antiquity, populated by the Councillors of the Isarci, who were considered to be the traditional offspring of the Etruscans who fled Italy from the Gauls who invaded. When the Roman Empire gradually declined in the seventh centuary, Bavaria's migration took place and the first reference to a ruling Bavaria in Bolzano is from 679.
10 ] At that the Bavarians called the surrounding towns around Bolzano Bauzanum or Bauzana. 11 ] Since that period there have been German population groups in the Tyrol area. In 1806, after the disbandment of the Holy Roman Empire, Bolzano briefly became part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and was integrated into the Dipartimento South Tyrol.
After the Congress of Vienna (1814-15), Bolzano came back to the county of Tyrol, within the Austrian Empire and then in 1866 to the Austro-Hungarian double monarchy. This county included today's South Tyrol as well as the province of Tyrol (including East Tyrol) in Austria. The Triple Entente forces in 1915 pledged Italy territory profits if it entered the First World War on the side of the Entente, instead of taking the side of the German Empire and Austria-Hungary.
In 1882, when Italy gave up its tripartite alliance, the Entente promised its territory in Tyrol and Istria. In the post-war period, the independent camps became popular among the German-Tyrolean people in Bolzano and South Tyrol. During the 1960', the South Tyrol Liberation Committee - a Nazi secessionalism in Germany - perpetrated a number of acts of terrorism and murder against Italy's policing and electricity infrastructure (a remarkable event was the night of the fire on 12 June 1961), after which the United Nations interfered to push through the opening of bi-lateral talks between Italy and Austria.
Following 11 years of negotiations and negotiations, the two nations have concluded an arrangement guaranteeing self-government for the new Autonomous Province of South Tyrol. In 2011, the Municipality launched the Italo-Germanic Business Forum, which will bring together the leading minds of Italy and Germany - Confindustria and the Federation of the Federal Republic of Germany - at the Mercantile Palace to raise questions related to the global economic downturn.
in Bolzano: The NOI Techpark is located on a 12 hectare site in the southern part of Bolzano, which used to contain an aluminum plant. The NOI Techpark is founded on this approach, in which research institutions, businesses and start-ups from Alto Adige and the whole world work together to pave the way for sustained growth.
BLS and Innovationspark TIS, together with South Tyrol's industry and research institutions, have created the positional label "Nature of Innovation", whose names give the name to the park: NOI. In South Tyrol, the name mirrors two meanings: NOI can either ring like the Italien term for "we" or the South Tyrol idiom for "new", according to how you want to use it.
Out of the 45 seats 10 different political groups were chosen to the municipal councillor. The following chart shows the major of the town of Bolzano after 1945. Each of the majors on this register belongs to the group. Up to now the last major of the Bolzano speaking group was Julius Perathoner from 1895 to 1922 and was substituted by the Marsch nach Bozen by the Nazis.
The European Union authorised further intercultural and economical cooperation between the Federal State of Tyrol and the independent regions of South Tyrol and Trentino in Italy in 1996 by recognising the establishment of the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino. The mediaeval town center, the Gothic and Romanic cathedrals and the bi-lingual signs give it the character of a town at the intersection of Italy's and Austria's culture.
Further historic and geographic information can be found under South Tyrol. The South Tyrol Archaeology Centre is the Ötzi's home. Other archeological finds from South Tyrol are also on display in the area. Municipal Bolzano Municipal History Centre; The museum's collection includes works of artwork such as pictures, sculpture, altars and folk items of everyday living from all over South Tyrol.
Entrance to the Musée is restricted and only part of the precious permanent holdings is on display. Born in 1905, the building is in the process of being extended to make it fully open to the public. South Tyrol Nature Centre, is devoted to areas such as zoology, wildlife and wildlife. It shows the development of South Tyrol landscape, for example the Dolomites, and scientific art from South Tyrol.
Musicion is a modern and contemporary art gallery. Established in 1985, the Talferwiesen has been home to the Talferwiesen since 2008. Bolzano Trade Centre, talks about the economical development of Bolzano and its importance in Central Europe as a link between North and South. It was once the residence of the former commercial judge.
The exhibition also documented the exhibitions and their importance for the town. Schulmuseum Bozen, tells about the evolution of the South Tyrolean educational system since the schooling system of Empress Maria Theresia was introduced in 1774. Particular characteristics of this fossil record include the exhibition of the catacombs and the documentary about the building of the Judaic College near Meran.
The Cathedral Treasury of Bolzano was established in 2007 and is located near the Cathedral of Bolzano. You can admire sacral works of arts such as churches, 18 th cent. painting and goldsmithing. The MMM Firmian, is one of six sites of the mountain climber Reinhold Messner's mountain climbing school. Topics of this school are the story of mountain climbing and the skill of climbing.
Theatre Bolzano; The new municipal theatre was opened in 1999 according to the designs of Marco Zanuso. The town had no municipal theatre for a long period, as the old one was demolished in the Second World War. Located in Bolzano (VBB), it has 2 auditoriums.
Theatre offers productions in German and Italien. The Concert Hall of Bolzano was also opened in 1999 and is the headquarters of the Haydn Orchestra of Bolzano and Trento. The Haus der Kultur Walther von der Vogelweide is a theatre that presents a large part of the shows in German.
Situated in the centre of the town, it can seat about 500 persons. The Teatro Cristallo, is situated outside the centre in Dalmatienstraße. The majority of the productions are performed in ltalian. The Gries Municipal Theatre is situated in the Gries-Quirein quarter and can seat 371 persons. The productions are presented in English and French.
Situated in the centre of the village. Bolzano Filmklub, is a 3 room movie theatre and also shows several movies by local producers and comedians. Filmclub is also the location of the Bolzano Film Festival. There is a movie theatre in the old part of Bolzano.
Cineplexx opened in 2009 and provides most of the movies in English. Besides movies in English and French, other movies are also available in English. The UCI Cinema, opened in 2015, is situated in the Twenty mall. In most of the 6 rooms, movies are available in ltalian.
In this theater, too, movies are sometimes shown in either British or Estonian. Each year Bolzano organises the following events: South Tyrol JazzFestival, is a jazz event that is not only held in Bolzano, but all over South Tyrol. He had an influence on musical arts in Italy and Germany and was thus a symbolic figure of South Tyrol as well.
Bozen Filmfestival; The first Bozen Filmfestival took place in 1987 under the name "Bozen Filmtage". There will be movies in German and Italien. The Bolzano Bozen is an annual Bolzano Jazz and Folk Festivals that provides classic concerts every year. Bolzano Danza is an annual Bolzano Danza Dancing Competition, an internationally renowned event for modern dancing.
This is a celebration that shows different dancing performance in different places of the town. The Haydn Foundation Bolzano and Trento organizes it. Bolzano Christmas Fair; The Bolzano Christmas Fair was established in 1990 as the first Italian Christmas Fair. The Bolzano Christmas Fair with 2 million people ( "2005") is the most frequented in Italy.
ShortFilmFestival, also works with the Bolzano Filmfestival and gives away No Words for the best shorts. Independent of the Bolzano Filmfestival, it also presents prices for the best shortfilm in Italy. Bozen-Bolzano Free University was established in 1997 and is located in the centre of Bolzano.
The company provides three-language training in English, French, German as well as Spanish. Bozen-Bolzano University has the following five faculties: Claudiana State University of Health Professions was established in 1993 and has been located outside the centre since 2006, next to the Provincial Hospitals of Bolzano. This university was renamed after the Regent of Tyrol, Claudia de Medici.
Classes are held in English, French, Italian as well as English. Claudio Monteverdi" Conservatoire is a conservatoire in Bolzano. Conservatoire was established in 1927 and has since been called after the former Italien musician Claudio Monteverdi. Bozen is linked to the A22-E45 motorways to Trento, Verona, Innsbruck (Austria) and Munich (Germany).
Bolzano South has a traffic junction that links the expressway MeBo with the A22. Merano-Bolzano, which was finished in 1997, links the two metropolises of South Tyrol, Merano and Bolzano, and relieves the neighbouring municipalities in the Burggrafenamt administrative region and the old two-lane state road SS38 (Strada Statale 38).
It is also linked to the rail network of Italy. The Bolzano train is part of the Brennero-Innsbruck line, which is part of the major rail link between Italy and Germany. Bolzano train stations are serviced by the ÖBB ÖB Frecciargento of Trenitalia, Italo EVO of Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori (from August 2018) and EurosCity.
There was a scheduled service between Bolzano Airport (IATA: BZO) and Rome until the 2015 summers. Bozen is also the venue of the Giro Dolomiti Racing Bicycle Festival, which takes place every year. The SSV Bolzano is a member of the FBL, the first division of the Austria team. Among the outstanding personalities who were either those of Bolzano's birthplace or those associated with the city:
Bozen is a twin city: Bolzano (BZ)" (PDF). Bolzano: medical history period 61-90". Bolzano: Records mansili of 1946" (in Italian). National Statistical Office of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol (38): 6-7. "Südtirol in figures 2008", Statistical Office of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol, Bolzano, p. 16, chart 10.
"The tombstone of Regontius from the paroisse church in Bolzano". Publications of the Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck, No. 10, p. 7 Bolzano. South Tyrolean Question Story. "Temporary justice and the idea of'autonomy patriotism' in South Tyrol. "The police transit camp Bolzano". South Tyrolean autonomy. Bolzano Exhibition Centre. Municipality of Bolzano. Municipality of Bolzano.
Subtitles sites romains dans le Grieserhof comme musée accessible". suedtirolnews.it. Three ports for Soi in Bolzano. Bolzano devient la nouvelle ville jumelle d'Erlangen". nordbayern.de.