Bitola

bitter cheese

It is a city in the southwest of the Republic of Macedonia. Whilst some parts of this Balkan country are increasingly attracting attention, an often overlooked destination is the sleepy town of Bitola. Historically known as Monastir or Manast?r Bitola is also known by several alternative names is a town in the southwest of the Republic of Macedonia.

class="mw-headline" id="Etymologie">Etymologie[edit]

It is a town in the southwest of the Republic of Macedonia. It is also known by several alternate name. Located at an important crossroads linking the southern Adriatic with the Aegean and Central Europe, the town is an important center of administration, culture, industry, trade and education.

Since the Ottoman times it has been known as "The City of Consuls" because many different Europeans had a consulate in Bitola. BITOLOLA is one of the oldest towns on the Republic of Macedonia, established in the mid 4 st centuries BC by Philip II of Macedonia as Heraclea Lyncestis.

From 1836 to 1867 the town was the last Ottoman capitol. Bitola is the second biggest town in the state according to the 2002 Population Survey. 2 ] Bitola is also the headquarters of the municipality of Bitola. Bitola derives its name from the Old Church Slavic term ?????????? (obit???, which means "monastery, cloister"), as the town was formerly known for its convent.

The name Bitola is referenced in the Bitola epigraph, which refers to the old citadel castle erected in 1015 during the reign of Gavril Radomir of Bulgaria (1014-1015), when Bitola functioned as the seat of the first Empire of Bulgaria. Among the contemporary varieties are the Mediterranean Bitola (??????), the Bosnian Bitolj (?????) and the Bulgarian Bitolya (??????).

Monastíri (?????????), also called "monastery", is a name of the ancient village of the same name. The Bitola is situated in the south-western part of Macedonia. Dragor River runs through the town. The Bitola is situated at an altitude of 615 metres above sealevel, at the base of the Baba mountain.

The splendid Pelisterberg (2601 m) is a nature reserve with excellent wildlife, including the most rare type of Scots pinewood, known as Mazedon Scots pinewood or Pinuspeuce, and a famous skiing area. With an area of 1,798 square kilometres and 122,173 inhabitants (1991), Bitola is an important centre of industry, agriculture, trade, education and culture.

Panoramic view of Bitola from Krkarda?. It has a temperate, moist mainland continental environment, characteristic of the Pelagonija area, with hot and arid summers, cool and wintry winter with lots of snow. Catholic Church "Sacred Heart of Jesus", on the Bitola road. The town of Bitola is very full of ancient relics.

Lyncestis Heraclea (ancient Greek: ???????? ?????????[9] - city of Hercules on the land of the lynx) was an important colony from the time of the Helenites to the early medieval age. Philip II of Macedonia established it until the mid 4 th centuries BC and gave it its name after the ancient Heracles.

Due to its strategical position it became a well-to-do town. In 148 BC the Romans captured this part of Macedonia and ruined the town' s economic strength. The wealth, however, was mainly perpetuated by the Roman Via Egnatia, which went by near the town. Several of his runners were listed in the records of the Councils of Churches, among them Bishop Evagrius of Heracles in the records of the Sardinian Council of 343.

It was plundered by East Gothic powers, ordered by Theodor the Great in 472, and despite a great present from the runner of the town, it was plundered again in 479. At the end of the sixteenth millennium the town was attacked by slavonic clans and slowly left. The Bitola district underwent a period of population change in the sixth and seventh century as more and more ethnic Slavs came to the area.

From the mid-eighth to the beginning of the eleventh hundred Bitola became part of the First Republic of Bulgaria. In the town many convents and cathedrals were constructed. Bitola lettering. Bitola's name is used for the first inscriptions. Bitola was under the reign of the Tsar Samuil in the tenth c.

There are several mediaeval records of the village. In John Skylitzes' annals from the eleventh centuries, it is noted that Emperor Basil II burnt down the Gavril palaces in Bitola when he passed through the pelagony and devastated them. Basil II's second chronicles of Bull (1019) mention that the bishop of Bitola was dependent on the archbishopric of Ohrid. When Samuil ruled, the village was an important center of the state of Bulgaria and home to the bishopric of Bitola.

The name Pelagonia was associated with the diocese of Bitola in many mediaeval springs, especially in the west, and in some of them Bitola was known as Heraclea because of the ecclesiastical traditions that transformed the diocese of Heraclea into the diocese of the Pelagonic metropolis. Gavril Radomir was murdered in 1015 by his beloved Ivan Vladislav, who proclaimed himself Emperor and reconstructed the fort.

For this reason a rock engraving from the Cyrillic Alphabet was placed in the fort, in which the name of the village is mentioned: Bitol. In 1019 the cathedral was recorded by Basil II as an bishop's center. In 1040 and 1072 two important revolts against the domination of Byzantium took place in the area of Bitola.

At the end of the twelfth millennium, after the restoration of the state, Bitola was annexed by Bulgaria under the reign of Tsar Kaloyan. At the end of the thirteenth centuries it was reconquered by Byzantium, but in the first half of the fourteenth centuries, after the conquest of Stefan Du?an, it became part of Serbia.

Bitola, as a strategic centre of civilization, politics and culture, plays a very important part in the history of mediaeval civilization in the area before the Ottoman occupation in the middle of the 14th centuries. Bitola (Ottoman-speaking monastery) grew rapidly on the evening before the Ottoman Empire, with well-developed trade connections throughout the Balkan Peninsula, particularly with major business centres such as Constantinople, Thessaloniki, Ragusa and Tarnovo.

Various goods were transported to and from Bitola. In the aftermath of the Austro-Ottoman War, the town' s commercial growth and general prosperity was suppressed. However, in the end of the 19. centuries it became again the second largest town of the south Balkans after Salonica. 1874 Manast?r became the centre of Monastir Vilayet, which consisted of the villages of Debra, Serfidze, Elbasan, Manast?r (Bitola), Goerice and the cities of K?rcaova, Pirlepe, Florina, Kesriye and Grevena.

Bitola is historically a powerful commercial centre and is also known as "the consul town". During the last days of Ottoman domination (1878-1912) Bitola had embassies from twelve states. In the same timeframe there were a number of renowned colleges in the town, among them a military college in which among others the renowned Turkic student Mustafa Kemal Atatürk participated.

It was also the home of many pioneering organisations that were founded at that age. The Manaki Brothers International Film Camera Festival takes place at the Bitola in her name. Three years later the Manastir Congress of 1908 took place in the town, which defines the contemporary ethnic Alphabet.

Bitola was a major centre of the Ilinden revolt. In 1903, the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) resolved the rebellion in Thessaloniki. The revolt in the Bitola district was scheduled for May 1903 in the town of Smilevo. Under the Bucharest Treaty of 1913, the Macedonian territory was split into three parts between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria, with Monastir being assigned to Serbia under the name of Bitola to commemorate the Cuban occupying forces (1915).

Bitola was on the Salonica front during the First World War. Bulgaria, a central power, conquered the town on 21 November 1915, while the Allied armed force took it back in 1916. The Bitola was subdivided into France, Russia, Italy and Serbia under the leadership of General Maurice Sarrail. Bitola stayed a frontline town until Bulgaria's capitulation in 1918 and was bombed almost every day with batteries and aerial bombardment and almost completely destroyed.

After the end of the First World War, Bitola was returned to the Kingdom of Serbia and in 1918 became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was re-named Yugoslavia in 1929. Bítola became one of the most important towns of the Vardarska bank. The Germans (on 9 April 1941) and later the Bulgarians (on 18 April 1941) took over the town during the Second World War (1941-45).

However, in September 1944 Bulgaria changed sides in the conflict and retreated from Yugoslavia, and Bitola was liberated by the Yugoslav partisans. November 4th the Seventh Macedonian Liberation Brigade came victorious to Bitola. An ancient Hebrew congregation of September origins inhabited the town until the Second World War when most were either murdered or emigrated to the United States and Chile.

After the end of the Great War, a state of Macedonia was founded in Yugoslavia for the first consecutive year. The first grammar school (called "Josip Broz Tito") with Semitic was opened in Bitola in 1945. There are many historic buildings from many different eras.

The ?irok Sokak (Macedonian: ????? ?????, which means "wide avenue") is a long walking zone that leads from Magnolia Square to the City Park. Bitola watch spire. We do not know when the bell tower of Bitola was constructed. Scriptural records from the sixteenth centuries refer to a watch turret, but it is not clear whether it is the same.

It is believed that it was constructed at the same period as the church of St. Dimitrija in 1830. During the Second World War, the initial watch was substituted by a working watch given by the National Socialists because the town had received First World War tombs. The solid turret consists of stone masonry, solid winding staircases, wood mezzanines, pendants and the cupola.

Saint Demetrius Chapel was constructed in 1830 with volunteer donations from locals and artisans. These frescos date from two periods: the end of the nineteenth and the end of the First World Wars until today. Opening scene of the movie The Peacemaker was filmed in the St. Dimitrija parish in Bitola, as well as some Welcome to Sarajevo filming.

Lyncestis Heraclea (Macedonian: ???????? ?????????) was an important old village from the Greek era to the early medieval age. Philip II of Macedonia established it until the mid 4 th cent. BC. Today the remains are located in the south of Bitola, 2 km from the town centre.

The roofed Basar (Macedonian: Bezisten, ????????) is one of the most imposing and oldest building of Bitola from the time of the Turks. It is one of the largest roofed market in the area, with its many domes that look like a fort, tree-like inner roads and four large metallic doorframes.

Gazi Hajdar is one of the most beautiful sights of the Muslim architectural heritage in Bitola. The building was constructed in the early 1560' as a design by the renowned arquitect Mimar Sinan on behalf of Bitola kadija Ajdar-kadi. Jeni Mosque is situated in the centre of the town.

More recent archeological digs have shown that it was constructed on top of an old temple. There is a mention of the old Macedonian Basar (????? ???????) in a descriptive document of the town from the sixteenth and seventeenth century. The Bitola is the economical and industry centre of southwest Macedonia. Most of the country's biggest businesses are located in the town.

REK Bitola's three thermal plants generate almost 80% of the country's total energy. It also has significant capacities in the textiles and foodstuffs industry. In Bitola there are also twelve embassies, which gives the place the name " Consul town ". "Albania [30] and Italy[31] also showed interest in opening a Bitola embassy.

Three Bitola television stations: Tera, Orbis and Mega, two provincial radios: the privately owned 105 station, Aktuel Bombarder and Delfin, and a locally owned Bitolski Vesnik weeklies. Bitola Municipal Council (Macedonian: ?? ??????? ??????) is the managing organ of the town and town of Bitola.

Municipal authorities approve and reject proposals that would be within the boundaries of the community given by its members and the Mayor of Bitola. Accordingly, the number of inhabitants, the Bitola Municipal Board consists of 31 councillors. Committee on Finance and Budgets; Commission for Utilities; Committee for Urban Planning, Works and Environment; Commission for Employment; Commission for Community Action; Commission for Regional Governments; Commission for Holiday Event and Certificate and Award Ceremony; The most favourite sport in Bitola are World Cup and Soccer.

So Gjorgji Hristov, Dragan Kanatlarovski, Toni Micevski, Nikol?e Noveski, Toni Savevski and Mitko Stojkovski are some of the illustrious Bitola locals who are starting their career with the Bitola Clube. RK Pelister is the most important and the most popular sport football association in Bitola. Bitola RK is the second nightclub of the town and both clubs are playing their matches in the gymnasium Mladost.

The FK Novaci, which is situated in the Bitola region, competes in the Macedonian second league. It is a bishop's town and headquarters of the Prespa-Pelagonia archdiocese. During the Second World War the Ohrid - Bitola archdiocese was called. In 1967, with the re-establishment of the Macedonian Orthodox Church's autoccephaly, it received its present name Prespa-Pelagonia Dialocese, which includes the following areas and cities:

Bitola, Resen, Prilep, Krusevo and Demir Hisar. During the last ten years about 40 cathedrals and 140 cathedrals have been or are being constructed in the area. There are two museums in the archdiocese - the St. Martyr Demetrius in Bitola and the St. John in Krusevo, as well as a collection of icon ostasis and library in the bishop's residence hall.

Constructed between 1901 and 1902, the Sitzgebäude is one of the finest example of modern day Barcelona style architectural style. In addition to the dominating Macedonian Orthodox Church in Bitola, there are other large groups such as the Muslim Fellowship, the Catholic Church and others. Bitolas Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic Church is the co-cathedral of the Skopje Catholic Diocese.

It is the oldest movie fest in the whole word that appreciates the work of cameramen. It is a world-class happening and a must. Each year the International Choir Awards bring together famous international stars such as Catherine Deneuve, Isabelle Huppert, Victoria Abril, Predrag Manojlovic, Michael York, Juliette Binoche, Rade Sherbedgia.

Magaza, a galery in the centre of the town. Ilinden Days, a popular celebration, is held in Bitola every year. The " Little Monmartre of Bitola " event, organised by the "Kiril and Metodij" Arts Studios, has developed in recent years into a highly acclaimed children's arts-fest.

Kids from all over the globe come to explore their fantasies through the arts and create important and invaluable works of artwork that are presented in the nation and around the globe. "The Small Monmartre of Bitola" has won a number of prizes and notifications. The Bitolino is an annually organized children's theatre event that takes place in August with the Babec Theatre.

Each year, professionals from all over the globe take part in the event. The Si-Do Si-Do Childrens Songs Fair is held every May in Bitola and has become increasingly popular in recent years. A lot of Macedonian musician took part in the event, among them: It' an internatinal festivals mainly devoted to classic art where there are many artists, creatives and reproducers from all over the globe.

Since Bitola is known as the town with the most grands, there is an evening of the competition devoted to grands blancs. It is an April edition of the Bitola Cultural Centre's monthly single drama event. Many people from all over the word come to Bitola to perform single dramas.

Founding and organiser of the Bitola Cultural Decontamination is the Association of Citizens Center for Cultural Decontamination. Every year in mid-July the Bitola Cultural Summer Bit Fest takes place in the middle of July in the old town of Bitola in the middle of the old Turkey town. St. Clement of the Ohrid University of Bitola (Macedonian: ??????????? ??. ??????? ???????? - ??????) was established in 1979 as a direct outcome of scattered educational process in the 1970''s and a growing need for qualified workers outside the country's capitol.

Bitola and Prilep are the university's main departments, and Bitola has its main office. Josip Broz-Tito Grammar School There are seven Grammar School in Bitola: There are ten elementary colleges in Bitola: A few remarkable individuals who were borne in Bitola are: One of the most important singers was Ajri Demirovski (Macedonian: ???? ??????????, Turkish: Hayri Önder) (born 1927 in Bitola (Monastiri), deceased 2009 in Turkey), an ethnically Turkic musician.

The Bitola partnership is a way of promoting good global relationships. Saint Nectarios of Bitola declared the new godfather of the Ciudad. 26-01-2008". www.vecer.com. mk (in Macedonian). Bitola climatic standards 1961-1990. Klimatafel of Bitola / Macedonia" (PDF). Basic climates means (1961-1990) substations all over the globe. Expanding the Greeks worldwide, the 8th to 6th century BC (2nd edition).

The Macedonian Monetary System. Stojanovski, Aleksandar (1989), Macedonia for Turkey's Novelism: od Crajot na XIV--po?etokot na YVIII Vak (in Macedonian), Skopje: Bulgarians had a large schools and a small chapel. However, they were part of the Orthodox Church's Greece and were classified as Greeks in the popular count. Last Century of a Sephardic Community - The Jews of Monastir, 1839-1943. www.sephardicstudies.org.

Macedonian. Macedonian. Macedonian. emagazin.mk. ???????? ??????????? ?? ?? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ??????". (in Macedonian). ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????". (in Macedonian). ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ???????? ???????? ????????". (in Macedonian). ?? ?? ??????????". (PDF) (in Macedonian). Bitola is joining the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.

Commons Wikimedia has related to Bitola related newsroom. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Bitola.

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