sspan class="mw-headline" id="Geography">Geography
The town of Békéscsaba (Hungarian pronunciation: [?be?ke??t???b?]; see also other alternate names) is situated in south-eastern Hungary, the capitol of Békés county. It is situated in the Great Plain of Hungary, 215 km south-east of Budapest. The 44 and 47 motorways, the Békéscsaba bypass (in the urban area) and the Budapest-Szolnok-Békéscsaba-Lökösháza high-speed line (120-160 km/h (75-99 mph)) also pass through the town.
Motorway 44 is a four-lane motorway between Békéscsaba and Gyula. While Csaba is a beloved first name for Turkish adolescents, the Békés suffix indicates Békés, which means peacefully in Hungary. Others come from Hungary (German: Tschabe, Romanian: Bichi?ciaba, Slovakian: Béke?ská ?aba). When the Hungarians conquered the area, there were many small towns in the area.
Csaba, a mediaeval hamlet in Hungary, was founded in the thirteenth century, first documented in the thirteenth30s. Beside Csaba there were eight other towns where the city is today located. Békéscsaba was an ethnically Hungry colony in 1495, according to the royal treasury of Hungary. When the Turks captured the northern and eastern parts of Hungary and these areas became part of the Ottoman Empire, the city survive, but it died during battles against the Turks in the seventeenth centuries.
1715 Csaba is listed as an abandoned place, but only one year later its name is found in a paper in which the taxable cities are cited. The new Csaba was probably established by János György Harruckern, who received an award in the struggle for freedom against the Ottoman Empire and purchased the territory of Békés county.
1718 Harruckern called Slovak colonists from Upper Hungary to the abandoned area. Until 1847 it was one of the twenty biggest cities in Hungary with 22,000 inhabitants. Yet Csaba was still like a big hamlet, with slimy roads and overcrowded homes. Until 1858 the railroad line arrived in the city.
As a result, new homes and plants were constructed and the old part of the village began to flourish. András L. Áchim, one of the most important figures in the city's political life, established a peasant political group and managed to elevate Békéscsaba to the status of a "city with council". In 1944, however, several incidents took place in the city: between 24 and 26 June 1944, more than 3,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz.
Bombarded by the United Kingdom and American Air Force on 21 September 1944, the train terminal and its surrounding area killed more than 100 of them. Békéscsaba was invaded by the Soviets on 6 October 1944. 6 per cent Hungary, 0. 3 per cent Slovakia, 1 per cent Roma, 0. 5 per cent Romanians and 2. 6 per cent Germans in Békéscsaba. 2 percent Hungarian Reformed, 34.
Békéscsaba's present major is Péter Szarvas (Independent). Boekéscsaba is a partner of Boekéscsaba: Since 2001, Hungary has had more than one ethnic group, so that the number of ethnic groups is higher than the overall number. Commons Wikimedia has related Békéscsaba related newsroom.