All I learned on my trip to Batumi, Georgia. The capital of the Autonomous Republic of Ajara in Georgia is Batumi.
sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
The Batumi is situated on the site of the old Greeks settlement in colchis named "Bathus" or "Bathys" - descended from (Greek: ?????; batus lim; or ?????; batys lim; literally "the low port"). During Hadrian's reign (around 117-138 AD) it was transformed into a stronghold for a Romans harbour and later abandoned for the Petra fort, built at the reign of Justinian I (around 527-565).
Imprisoned by the Roman-Byzantine powers, it was the formal property of the Lazica Empire until it was briefly invaded by the Arabs, who did not occupy it; in 780 Lazica entered the Abkhazian Empire through a dynamic association, which later spearheaded the reunification of the Georgian Empire in the eleventh centuries.
In 1010 it was ruled by the Duke of Georgia's Emperor Elistavi. At the end of the fifteenth millennium, after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Batumi went over to the mtavari ( Princes) of Guria, a West Georgia princedom under the rule of the Imereti Monarchs. In 1444, after a failing campaign against the Ottoman Empire, a Bourgogne fleet invaded the Black Sea and pirated its east coast, until the Burgundians under the command of the Thoisy Emperor Geoffroy were attacked on land to invade Vaty, as Europeans knew Batumi at the time.
The Ottoman Turks captured the city and its quarter in the fifteenth centuries under the rule of Kakhaber Gurieli, but did not keep it. The Georgians reconquered Batumi several time, first in 1564 by Rostom Gurieli, who soon afterwards was deprived of it, and in 1609 again by Mamia II Gurieli.
1723 Batumi became part of the Ottoman Empire again. Following the Turks' invasion, Islamization of the previously-Christian region began, but it ended and was largely abandoned after the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-78, when the area was reattached to Russian Imperial Georgia. Excerpt from a 1784 Antonio Zatta card showing the Guria princedom in Georgia and its capital Batumi.
This was the last Black Sea harbour conquered by Russia during the Russians' invasion of this region of the Caucasus. Batumi was annexed in 1878 by the Soviet Empire in accordance with the Treaty of San Stefano between Russia and the Ottoman Empire (ratified on 23 March). The city, which was conquered by the Russians on 28 August 1878, was proclaimed a free harbour until 1886.
She acted as the centre of a specific army county until she was accepted into the Kutaisi government on 12 June 1883. Eventually it was founded on 1 June 1903 with the Artvin County as the Batumi area ( "Oblast") and placed under the immediate supervision of the General Government of Georgia.
More than 7400 Doukhobor expatriates from Batumi to Canada began sailing in the latter 1880' and later, after the authorities approved their emigration. The Quakers and Tolstoyans helped raise funding for the resettlement of the Jewish majority, which had come into conflict both with the Emperor's administration for its reluctance to minister and with other oppositions.
In 1901, sixteen years before the October Revolution, Joseph Stalin, the prospective Soviet Union commander, was living in the capital and organized strike action. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk returned the town to the Ottoman Empire on 3 March 1918; riots in the final few WWI days in April 1918 resulted in the re-entry of Turk troops, followed in December by Britain troops who remained until July 1920.
Atatürk Kemal left the territory to the Bolsheviks of the Soviet Union on conditions of granting them independence for the benefit of the Muslims among the Batumi people. Today Batumi is one of the most important ports of Georgia. She has the capacities for 80,000 ton heavy tankships to carry material such as petroleum, which is transported from Central Asia through Georgia.
In addition, the company sells local produce. Cargo transhipment at the harbor has increased steadily since 1995, with about 8 million tonnes in 2001. Harbor revenues are expected to be between $200 million and $300 million annually. Batumi has been attracting foreign investment since the Adjara shift, and property values in the town have tripled since 2001.
Since July 2007, the Constitutional Court of Georgia has been based in Batumi, Tbilisi, in order to promote local economic growth. There are several cinemas that draw visitors from Turkey, where games of chance are forbidden. According to Köppen's grading, Batumi has a damp sub-tropical climatic (Cfa). Batumi's climatic conditions are strongly affected by the Black Sea rivers blowing down on the shore and are affected by the effects of the surrounding hill y and mountainous terrain, which results in considerable precipitation during most of the year, making Batumi the most wet town in Georgia and the Caucasus region.
In Batumi, the mean ambient air humidity is about 14 °C (57 °F) per year. It is the coolest cold months with an avarage of 7°C (45°F). It is the warmest months of the year with an avarage 72°F (22°C) temp. An absolutely minimal recording is -6°C (21°F) and an absolutely maximal recording is 40°C (104°F).
In 1958 the town gets sunny periods per year. Batumis mean yearly rainfall is 2,392 mm (94. 2 in). The wetest months are December with an mean rainfall of 303 mm (11. 9 in) and May with an mean rainfall of 84 mm (3. 3 in). In general, Batumi does not get significant quantities of ice (accumulated ice of more than 30 cm) and the number of blanket covered skies for the year is 12 per day.
In accordance with the resolution of the Batumi Municipal Council of 31 March 2008, Batumi is subdivided into seven districts, which are from: Batumi: Novel Batumi architecture: are the most important places of God in the city: Remarkable personalities who came from or lived in Batumi: Batumi Airport is one of three major airport in the world.
BatumVelo is a system called cycle share system that allows you to hire a cycle on the road with a smartcard. Batumi marina with the town in the back. Georgia's National Statistical Office. Returned on May 2, 2016. "The glamour of the harbour of Batumi". Brought back on December 24, 2014. Georgia Constitutional Court - Short History Filed July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
Russia hands over military base Batumi to Georgia". Civilian Georgia, Tbilisi. Returned on November 26, 2016. Returned on September 27, 2012. "The Lonely Planet Georgia, Armenia & Azerbaijan." Bounced back on October 8, 2016 - via Google Books. Archives from the originals, 6 March 2016. Brought back on October 8, 2016. Brought back on October 8, 2016.
Archives from the originals, August 18, 2016. Brought back on October 8, 2016. Brought back on October 8, 2016. Batumi: Places of interest. Batumi website officially. Returned on May 10, 2009. Dyussembekova, Zhazira (21 January 2016). Batumi - Twin Town & Sister Cities.
City Hall Batumi. Bounced 2013-08-10. Brought back on October 8, 2016. Bounced 2013-08-25-25. Georgia's Batumi and Belarus' Brest will become twinned towns". Brought back on 26 May 2015. ikimedia Commons has Batumi related medias.