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Bago, Myanmar (Burma)
Bago's Shwemawdaw or "Great Golden God Pagoda" has been cultivated for more than 1000 years. In 1930, the latest earthquake almost levelled the old building, and it was not until 1952 that it again dominates the Bago skyline. On this photo, the entire pergola is surrounded by a scaffold consisting only of sticks of oranges.
Workmen are climbing onto this scaffolding to colour the sides of the tower with gold paints. Legend has it that Buddha's hair and teeths are anchored under the lofty top of the temple. It is because of these relicts that Shwemawdaw is frequented by a large number of Buddhist devotees at any time of the year. <font color="#ffff00">-==- proudly presents
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i=" mw-headline" id="History">Historya
Different moon-language annals tell of very different founding data of Bago, which range from 573 A.D. to 1152 A.D.[note 1], while the Zabu Kuncha, a Myanmar administration work from the early fifteenth centuries, states that Pegu was established in 1276/77 A.D. The oldest preserved proofs of Pegu as a place come only from the pagan era (1212 and 1266)[note 2], when it was still a small township and not even a province capitol.
In the 1290s, after the pagan empire collapsed, Bago became part of the renegade Martaban state. 1369 King Binnya made U Bago the capitol. It was the town' s main town until the downfall of the empire in 1538/39. Bago and Ava Kingdoms were in the Forty Years War during the rule of King Razadarit.
During Dhammazedi Bago became a center of trade and Theravada Buddhism. António Correia, then a businessman from the Portugese village of Cochin, arrived in 1519 in Bago, then known to the Portugese as Pegu, in search of new market places for Cochin peppers. A year later, the Governor of Portugal, Diogo Lopes de Sequeira, sent an Indian Governor to Pegu.
An important port, the town was often frequented by Europeans, including Gasparo Balbi at the end of the 19th century. Manuel de Abreu Mousinho described the Portugese capture of Pegu after its devastation by the monarchs of Tangot and Arrakan in 1599 in "Breve diskurso em que se conta à konquista do Reino do Reino na India Orientale peita Poker Ports at the Speed of Aires de Saldanha, Salvador Ribeiro de Sousa, Massinga Champo, Guimarães Nature",
of 1600 " (Short story about the Portuguese invasion of Pegu in East India at the times of the Vice Kingdom Aires de Saldanha, Salvador Ribeiro de Sousa, known as Massinga, native of Guimarães, voted their sovereign in 1600), from 1711 to 1829 with " Peregrinaçam " by Fernão Mendes Pinto, edited by Peregrinaçam.
In 1634 the Myanmar capitol was moved to Ava. The Mon rebelled and established the restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom in 1740. A Bamar emperor, Alaungpaya, conquered the town in May 1757. The town was reconstructed by Bodawpaya (1782-1819), but by then the course of the stream had changed and the town had been cut off from the seas.
In 1852, after the Second Anglo-Burmese War, the Brits anneked Bago. 1862 the Burma Provincial was founded and the main city of Burma relocated to Yangon. Essential difference between vernacular and literal pronunciation, as with Myanmar words, was one of the reasons for Pegu UK bribery. 1911 Hanthawaddy was described as a precinct in the Bago (or Pegu) department of Lower Burma.
Situated in the home county of Yangon, from which the city was separated into a distinct county in 1880. Hanthawaddy, as it was founded in 1911, was a huge plains extending from the ocean between the Irrawaddy River estuary and the Pegu Range. Apart from the stretch of countryside between the Pegu Range in the eastern part and the Yangon River, the region was crossed by a number of streams, many of which were passable by large vessels and some by steamships.
Rangoon was the location of the main office of the subdivision. Today Hanthawaddy is one of the stations of the town of Bago. According to a history of the eighteenth centuries, Slapat Rajawan, as Arthur Phayre reports (Phayre 1873: 32), the village was established in 1116 in the Buddhist period (572/573 AD).
However, another variant of the Slapat used by P.W. Schmidt (Schmidt 1906: 20, 101) states that it was based on the first growth of Mak (Tabodwe) 1116 BE (about January 19, 573 AD), which corresponds to the year 514 of the "third era" without specifying what the era was specifically.
Per (Phayre 1873: 39) however, one of the "local records" used by Maj. Lloyd says that Pegu was established in 514 Myanmar era (1152/1153 CE). In fact, if the year 514 is the era of Burma, then the first growth of Tabodwe 514 by the Slapat would be December 27, 1152, which corresponds to the first growth of Tabodwe 1696 BE (not 1116 BE).
Pegu is listed as Pe-Ku by the epigraph sponsored by Theingathu's daugther in the Min-Nan-Thu town near Bagan on Thursday, July 7, growing Nanka (Wagaung) 628 ME (July 8, 1266). He updated the text of the 1212 epigraph (Aung-Thwin 2017: 200, 332) by saying that the first preserved Pegu mentioned epigraphs date from 1212 and 1266, but do not supply the 1212 one.
Neither of the old Burmese stone markings (SMK Vol. 1 1972: 93-102) for the years 573 ME (1211/1212) or 574 ME (1212/1213) shows Pe-Ku or Pegu. "Pegu". "1519 Away from António Correia and Pegu" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Legend of Lower Burma (illustrated edition).
Myanma Kyauksa-mya [Old Burmese stone inscriptions] (in Burmese). The Razadarit Ayedawbon (in Burmese) (8th print, 2005 ed.). "Pegu History". Burma in 1967 (Ed.).