Bagan WikitravelBagan Wikitravel Wikitravel
A further analogue between the Angkor and Bagan sites in differentiating between different types of structure is their structure of stupas and towers. Artischocken and Maiskolben = English during pumpkins and duration (or pineapple) = Bagan. One example is the pumpkin for the Shwezigon pagoda and the duration for the Ananda, Thatbyinnyu and Mahabodi monasteries. The Bagan shrines are covered with reverse icecream bags in a different way to imagine.
It is the enchanting ageing that makes the temple look romantically. As a result of this phenomena, the plaster coatings of the shrines were removed to such an extent that the bricks with their rusted, redish and sometimes golden-brown colour, which had been struck by the sun's radiation, became visible. Half the area of Old Bagan has already been flushed away by the powerful flow of the stream.
Bagan's other pictures, which impress tourist next to the towered sky; the stupa's, which have this dilapidated look but are adorned with glittering, gold, mitred zikaras; the omnipresent couple of wild rock lions that flank the doors of a sanctuary; the squirrel's, which romp around in a playful and acrobatic way on the sides and gables of sanctuaries; Horsecarriages that carry sluggish claw-faced tourist; sleeping, mobile grandfather's ox wagons that grind on a dust-choked track; not to speak of the rubbish lying around, roaming strays, the lingering, elongated men who spit everywhere betel-biting in large quantities, overeaten tares, and the annoying dirt.
In the middle of the nineteenth centuries under King Anawratha, who united Burma under Theravada Buddhism, Bagan became a key power base. Estimates suggest that 13,000 ancient Myanmar shrines and stupa once were located on this 42 square kilometre plains in the centre of Myanmar, and Marco Polo once described Bagan as a "gold-plated town filled with clinking bell towers and the rushing sound of monks' robes".
Like Ananda Pahto, some are large and well preserved, others are small run-down relicts surrounded by thick weeds. Bagan's Golden Era ended in 1287, when the kingdom and its capitol were occupied and plundered by the Mongols. By 1998, this town and its residents were forced to settle a few miles southern of Bagan and formed "New Bagan", where they are accommodated in a fistful of inexpensive, picturesque, tidy hotel and faith centres.
In spite of the grandeur and importance of Bagan, UNESCO has not included it in its World Heritage List, as some monuments have been unhistorically reconstructed. The Burmese consider all Baganian temples holy. You can also find this clothing rule on many signboards in front of larger churches, but it is mostly ignored by westers.
In practice this means two things: No shoes/socks and no short over your elbows would bring you to your sleep without any problems. Bagans Culture Department has imposed a levy against all aliens for (January 2017) 20USD, 20EUR or 25.000 kyats on arriving. There' only one agency that sells Bagan ticket on-line.
Bagan Travel Bureau (Sara Travel & Tours). Nyaung U (IATA NYU) is the name of the airport. From Yangon you can travel to Bagan with Asian Wings, Air KBZ, Golden Myanmar Airlines, Mann Yadanarpon Airlines and Myanmar National Airlines with fares from US$118. Mandalay is also the base for Asian Wings, Golden Myanmar, Mann Yadanarpon and Myanmar National Airlines.
After New Bagan it will take about 15-20 min by auto, and usually this costs about 7000-10000 kyats. Night train services depart from Yangon every morning, depart around 4pm and arrive in Bagan the next at 10am, at rates that range from a few thousand kyats (a few dollars) in second grade to $50 for a "luxury" slumber.
Bagan's overnight has plenty of room and foot room in the US$10 1. grade coaches. Between Bagan and Mandalay the trains depart at 7am, only First Class at 2000Ky, 8-9h. Trains will be arriving in the centre of Mandalay, not like coaches. Convenient connections from Mandalay are possible from 8,500 kyats (bus) and minibuses.
Busses leaving Yangon at 18.00 or 19.00 depart from Bagan at a rather strange hour in the mornings ( between 3.00 and 5.00). From Yangon, JJ Express or Bagan Minn Thar Express busses leave at 8pm (9 hrs, 18,500 kyats incl. snacks and drinks). From January 2017, 19 US$ per passenger and route.
At a 115 kilometre stop on the way to Bagan and twice on the way back the coach will stop and reach Yangon at 6 am. Transfers from the Bagan and Yangon hotels to the Yangon terminal are free for the returning journey. There is a regular morning "express" boat ride down the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) from Mandalay to Bagan at 7 a.m. and lasts 8-9 hrs (or about 20 mph).
Taking a cab from the jetties to New Bagan offers 5,000 kyats per capita (for 3 people). With the exception of the slower service (only available on certain weekdays ), the Mandalay-Bagan service is closed in April, May and June when the waters in the rivers are low.
There was NO locale vessel that was sailing Bagan Mandalay Bagan in December'17. Many of us asked a lot of questions (the boats and ferries have information ), they all said that there will be no more boats. There are 2 Bagan ballooning options: one is Balloons Over Bagan, approximately US$320 per passenger and the other is Bagan Ballooning, US$350 per passenger with fewer passengers in the cages.
A good alternative is to hire a horse-drawn carriage for one full stop to see the main monuments and then cycle to the rest of the attractions the next one. Trolley riders are also good tour leaders to Bagan and take many smaller places we would never have found as well as good inexpensive hideaways.
Unfortunately, we have heard from some of them that the rise of electric bikes is causing the disappearance of horse-drawn vehicles from Bagan, as many riders today do not have much to do and do not have the means to correctly breed their own animals. They can inquire in the hotelsobby or get one from Nyaung U International Airports, please take a look around and get the offer from the chauffeur directly, airports/travel agencies tends to calculate more for their services charges.
Contact a kind cabbie who speaks Aung Myint fluently at 09-2042701 in Bagan. Humans have a tendency to get up around Bagan later, so that early travel underlines the meaning of Bagan as "abandoned". Cycling can be difficult in the arid period due to the sand tracks that connect the more secluded temples.
In New Bagan you can find e-bikes in one of the many stores from 4.000-8.000 Kyoto for 1 passenger. The low seasonal rate is 5,000-8,000 kilograms if only one individual hires it (easy to cheat) or 8,000-10,000 kilograms for two of you. January 2017 rates are 8.000 Kyaat for one and 10.000 Kyaat for two persons, reserved at thetel.
When you rent one, make sure you know what to do when it comes to a breakdown, especially in a secluded nearby temple without one. Joint pick-up from Nyaung Oo to Old Bagan (200K) and New Bagan (400K). Shields of all churches are in Burmese. There are three main elements of the Bagan temples: stone pillar, stone pillar and entranceway.
The Bagan Monument Database has carefully catalogued almost all of the old Bagan monumental sites. For both the exercised (as described above) and the less exercised and not so zealous eye, the temporal region may look similar. Bagan beauties have their own personalities in each of its structures. The Bagan architect blended and fitted in with striking and subtile characteristics, but showed the line, while natures improved it in over 1000 years of building, copying and renovating.
Ministry of Culture constantly updates which monuments are open for climbers. Make use of the opportunity to discover your favourite places that may be deserted, in restoration or not known. You can find many high places with beautiful views of the setting sun or the rising sun, where there are no groups of visitors to talk.
They are the important temporary places suggested by all touristic map agencies: Ananda temple - Bagan's most sacred sanctuary, constructed by the third monarch, Kyan-zit-tha, in 1091. And Ananda comes from the Pali term "anantapannya" which means "boundless wisdom". There are four Buddhas in the sanctuary, which face the four Buddhas that have reached Nirvana, the cardinals.
It is the most important sanctuary in all of Bagan. Turn right on the Bagan-Nyaung Oo Rd. just before the street to the Tharaba Gate of Old Bagan. The Shwezigon Dynasty - This gold pumpkin swab gilded stone is the first and exemplary memorial (also for the legendary Shwedagon Yangon Pagoda) constructed in 1087 in Myanmar fashion.
Bagan-Nyaung Rd on the right side after the coach terminal. There is a long roofed path with memorabilia stands leading from the street to the site. Turn to your right after you enter the Tharaba Gate of Old Bagan, the second street.
Shhwegugyi Tempel - By order of King Alaunsithu 1131, one of the most pristine Buddhist monasteries in the area, which needs less fantasy to enjoy Bagan's old age. Near the Shwe San Daw Pongo, this is also a good place to watch the sun set and much less overcrowded; a great option for an amazing look.
Located close to Thatbyinnyu Tempel. Selling his jewels and pouring out his feelings, he built this sanctuary. This is the last large sanctuary at the south end of Myinkaba Village along the Bagan-Chauk Road and is characterised by a tall freestanding tower. Yangyi Dhamma Tempel - Another set of enclosed dramatic scenes ordered by King Narathu to pay for his murder of his dad, brothers and wives.
They create so many puzzles and secrets that they are known to some residents as spirit temples. It is estimated that some 6 million brick blocks were used to build this sanctuary. This was a copy of the ancient Sananda church and has two interior hallways built according to a design in flawless Grecian crucifix.
Its brickwork is so striking that even a pin cannot pass between two tiles. In addition, the complex architecture of this monument provides an argument for the number of storeys and the final ization of the edifice. The Sulamani Museum was seriously affected by the August 24, 2016 quake.
Wetkyi-Inn Village - This Daurian style sanctuary was built after Bodh Gaya in India. The best thing about this sanctuary is the roof elevation of the surroundings, even if it is not as high and akrophobic as the one in its class. More accessible via Bagan-Nyaung Oo Rd., although Anawratha Rd. is closer but secluded, just north of the arid stream.
The Gawdaw Palin Tempel - A Myanmar and India style merger, this sanctuary has a lovely inner court with a medium-sized statue and interesting bellshoes. In Old Bagan, just to the north of the Archaeological Museum. The Bupaya Sanctuary - This solitary gold pumpkin-shaped building is located on a complicated sanctuary by the stream.
In the interior of Old Bagan, a northbound street that leads to it, branching off from the major street while turning southwards, the staupa is externally viewable and not necessary to discover the complex of temples. The Shwezigon Pongo - on the northern shore of Nyaung U, this is one of the most important Pongoos in the whole of Myanmar, constructed in the eleventh centuries and used as a master cast for the Pongo of the same name in Yangon.
yan Ma Ba - small pavilion opposite the street (south) of the splendid Gawdaw Palin - the pavilion itself is not much, but you can go up on the top of the pavilion to have a better view of bigger surroundings. Nearly 3,000 more temporary buildings, convents, libraries, surgery rooms, etc. Alongside the Bagan-Nyaung Oo Rd.
north of Old Bagan: Gubuakgyi temple @ Wetkyi-In village, Thagyarhit temple, Upalithein ordination hall, Htilominlo temple, & Ananda temple. On Bagan-Chauk Road (south of Old Bagan): Myinkaba Village Temple, Manuhar Temple, Nonpayer Temple, Abeyadana Temple. Yangyi Dhamma Temple, Sulamani Temple, Meenyeingone Temple, Lawkahteikpan Temple, Shinbinthalyaung Temple, Shwesandaw Pagoda.
Northern and surrounding area of Minan Thu Village: Phayathonezu Temple Group, Tayokepyay Temple, Dhamayazaka Temple, East & West Petleik Temple, Lawkananda Pagoda. When you stay overnight in New Bagan, it is quite possible to reach all important sights on a very full (and strenuous) cycling day: 2) Further northerly it goes to Shwe San Daw, Mya Zedi and Mingalar Zedi.
4 ) Head back westwards to Old Bagan where you can see Shweguygyi, Gawdawpalin, Mahabodi and Bu Phaya on the banks of the Ayeyarwaddy. Take a bite to eat in the city and replenish your batteries as your next route takes you to Nyaung U. 5) NE of Old Bagan junction on Anawrahta RD to Ananda Tempel.
6 ) Drive NE to see Alo-pyi and then turn right onto the Htilominlo drive. Wherever this meets Bagan-Nyaung U RD, make a stop at Upali Thein. 8 ) When you drive into Nyaung U, turn to your right to drive further up North, stopping at Shwezigon Pagoda. 9) Drive further eastwards through Nyaung U and stop for dinner and fill up your waters (many good restaurants on Third St. running alongside Shwezagon East).
10 ) Take Nyaung U-Kyaukpadung RD South, a motorway that crosses the Bagan Golf Course towards the International Airports. 11) Turn right at Myat Lay RD leading back to New Bagan. 12 ) Past the Bagan Tower and cross the small hamlet of Min-nan-thu. You will see Lay-Htaung-Ken (the only completely blank pagoda) at the entry of Min-nan-thu town; stop at Min-nan-thu for more water/snacks after the long, uninterrupted journey from Nyaung U).
13) Go west to the Paya-Thone-Zu temple group (some of the few where you can see the woodwork inside as it allows for the penetration of naturally occurring light). 14) Go west and you're back in New Bagan. Comment on mural paintings - some churches have been elaborately designed and have mural paintings, but most have their interiors in jet black dark, so take a torch with you.
Phayathonezu temples, Gubyaukgyi temple, Upalithein ordination hall and some with electrical lighting (if it works/is turned on) are the only ones with enough ambient candlelight. Palazzo - composed of pure archaeological digs of the old king's palazzo, not a pole remains to confirm any kind of genuineness or to arouse the tourist's inquisitiveness.
When the sun goes down (17-18 h), most places will be free of travel groups, await you the beloved temple to watch the sun go down (around most occupied to moderately busy: a stranger very near the southwestern side of Dhammayangyi, Shwe San Daw, Buledi and a stranger very near it and also near the road).
The largest part of the area in and around Bagan is shallow and very easily explored by bike. 8,000 kyats for one and 10,000 kyats for two reserved at the motel. Hire a horse-drawn carriage with driver: the classical way to explore interesting places in Bagan. It costs about 15-25 Euro to make a full days trip around the temple.
New Bagan Rentals Bureau is located in the New Bagan Municipality Tourism Information Bureau (i). Hire a boat: Observe the setting sun in your own personal yacht. Prices per 4-6 person per day are about 14$ for 1-2 hours on the rivers. Recommended "Ko Hla Khaing" boating trips (Taungbi Village, Old Bagan, Phone: 09-402501013), in Old Bagan.
From New Bagan, take the major road through Old Bagan and immediately after leaving Old Bagan you will see signposts for Bagan Boot Trips on the leftside. Stay on the road for 5-10 minutes by bicycle. Fantasia Jetty Fantasia Boot trips cost 4,000 kyats per passenger or 15,000 kyats for the whole canoe.
Fantasia Garden has a beautiful place to watch the flow from a height and drink a drink before leaving by ship at 4:30 pm. Take a look at Bagan from a different angle. It' located next to the course, accessed from the Old Bagan Airports Street, turning off on your right for the Amazing Bagan Resort Street, then a right turn in front of the resorts.
Much less a tourist place than New Bagan. It'?s near the Old Bagan area. This spectacle is best seen along Nyaung Oo Street from Thante Hotel to Shwezigon Pagoda. That can be seen in the first evidence of tumultuous shrine sounds that come from a convent around the north side of Old Bagan (inside and outside the walls) one and a half days before and during the city.
From October 2014 many cash machines will accept VISA, +PLUS, Mastercard and UnionPay in Nyaung U and Bagan, you can search for KBZ Banks, MOB Banks, CB Banks and many others. Bagsan sells paint, fabric pictures, T-shirts and other arts and crafts. The Jasmine Family Lake Goods Workshop, Myinkapar Village (down the street and to the right of the Golden Cuckoo, off the beaten track - if you ask someone about'Jasmine', they can guide you), (firstname.lastname@example.org). Publish an outstanding Lake Goods Workshop.
Old Bagan has many restaurant that serve the local tradition, especially the good old noodles. Situated at the south end of Bagan-Nyaung Oo-Road, where a dirt track runs to Ananda Temple, there are outdoor dining areas that line this street and offer full meal budgets. Today most accommodations are in New Bagan or Nyaung Oo.
Old Bagan only has a few government-run deluxe properties left. You will find the most frequented but not necessarily the best ones along the Nyaung Oo Rd. north section or in Nyaung Oo municipality and down before arriving in Old Bagan. Remember that the Bagan area, with more than 3000 Temples, covers a 20 km x 20 km radius; if you really want to see and appreciate Bagan, you have to hire a bicycle, a cab or a horse-drawn carriage, then you cannot do it on walking.
The Nyaung Oo city has the most cheap accommodation. Nyaung Oo Inn Wa Hospitality, ? +95 61 60 902. Close to the Rotunde in the northern part of Nyaung Oo Road, this hostel is well above its best. It is the farthest from places like bars, pubs, restaurants etc. In Bagan you can make a daily excursion to Mount Popa by common mini bus for about 10 US$ per people.
It' this ride is a sanctuary on a rock. Shwe Lake Kone Bagan Railway Terminal is located in the city of Nyaung U. The local (Non-A/C) Monywa Railway is 3500K (June 2014) at the new Monywa Railway Terminal (this is the locals' rate, haggle!), in hotel they cost you about 5000K. Inle Lake used to be one of the worst places in the county, but the roads have drastically changed, and it should be noted that the last part of the trip goes through the mountain when many local people and some tourist got sick and puk.
In 7 hour it will take to get to Kalaw and ~8.5 to get to Nyaung Shwe for Inle. Boat stop at the Nyaung Shwe entry. Mandalay is served by several busses departing at 8:00 am, 8:30 am and in the afternoons. Nowadays it is possible to take the coach to Mrauk U by switching to Magwe and taking the Mandalay-Sittwe coach without going south to Pyay.
It' as simple to get dressed and start as hoping from one place to another. Take special care as you ascend the steps of less frequented temples, warm snake warms in the heat and hiding hives just above your heads could make Bagan a grievous adventure! Mountaineering a shrine usually has steps from all four sides; shadow climbs behind could be much less hurtful for your toes.
Spotlights are useful in many churches to get to the interior stairs, to see the painting and to go out before dawn and back again after dusk. For people with breathing problems, Bagan can be difficult because the atmosphere is full of dusts and fumes. Bagsan is a familiar place, and anyone who harms anyone will certainly be known and mortified, if not persecuted.
Don't indulge in their kindness and be firmly in your rejection before they become too tied to you, even if you persist in being just a traveler with a purse and have already spanked $5 for each seller at all the Temples you have been to. Currency fraud, some gift sellers near the Temple might ask you to get banknotes from your land that say they have never seen it before or that they collect the various overseas banknotes.