Bagan places to VisitVisit Bagan Places
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Bagan's Top 10 Best Sights
Up to a certain degree Bagan can be regarded as Myanmar's sacred soil, as there are many monasteries and palagodas here. Every sanctuary or every cloakroom has its own history, even if some tales here may not correspond to what we would like. Bagan's top 10 best sights.
In the language "pahto" means "temple", while "paya" means "pagoda". It was presumably constructed around 1090 during the rule of King Kyanzittha and had to be renovated in 1975 due to an earthquake. Some of the buildings are still in use today. It is 170 foot high and is the best conserved antique sanctuary in Bagan.
This is what makes Ananda Temple so appealing, not only because of its glory, but also because of its apostolate. In the interior of the Ananda Temple are four 31 foot high Buddha sculptures that have risen into the state of nirvana, each pointing in a different direction: Zhwesandaw Paya is a 328 foot high pit, allegedly constructed in 1057 by King Anawrahta, who established the kingdom of Bagan.
It tells the tale that Anawrahta entered the kingdom of Thaton and made it. It has a pyramid-shaped form with the bell-shaped "stupa" at the top. We recommend that you come here early in the day, as there is one of the best vantage points in Bagan, which is ideal for photography.
It is said that Thatbyinnyu Pahto was erected around 1144 by King Alaungsithu. It' the highest of all Bagan with 61m. What is unique about this sanctuary is its name: "Thatbyinnyu, " that's Myanmar's tongue for the term "omniscience." In contrast to the previous one-story buildings, Thatbyinnyu was the first to have a two-storey building, which provided the architectonic foundations for later Sulamani, Gawdawpalin and Htilominlo buildings (all with multi-storey structures).
Another feature of this sanctuary is that it is one of the ideal places to see the pristine architecture and culture of Myanmar. The Sulamani sanctuary, also called "crowned jewel" or "small ruby", is said to have been erected in 1181 by King Narapatisithu. A lot of folks thought this place was a little more challenging than Htilominlo and Gawdawpalin temples.
Narapatisithu found a small Rubin on the floor on which the Sulamani Tempel was later constructed, hence the name "small Rubin". It also has a pyramidal construction with magnificent architecture and ornament. Like the Shwezigon Pagoda, the Ananda temples and the Thatbyinnyu temples, the Dhammayangyi temples are one of the four great Bagan memorials.
The temple of Dhammayangyi is to be erected as an expiation for the sins of King Narathu, which is also a poignant tale. They say King Narathu murdered his dad to take the chair, then he murdered his sibling and even ordered the death of one of his women for their hinduistic rituals.
Thus it is rumored that eight men camouflaged as Brahman priest murdered Narathu under the command of the emperor of the executioned princess (this declares the name Kalagya Min, which means "the Indian murdered king"). Even today some natives believe that this place is still plagued by the sin of Narathu.
The Shwezigon Pagoda was first erected by King Anawratha in the mid-11th c.. However, it was not completed until the end of the eleventh cent. The Shwezigon Paya is considered the oldest "stupa" and its architectural design has become the source of later " pupa " (typically the "golden Shwezigon bell", which can later be seen in most "stupas").
The Shwezigon is interesting because of the panels that show the former life of the Buddha. These are not the only reason for the appeal of Shwezigon Paya, the statue is also known for its 37 sculptures from before the time of Myanmar's Buddhism (Nat can be declared an ancestral spirit of the Myanmar tribe, one of the most important components of the old Myanmar faith before the advent of Buddhism).
The Archaeological Bagan was constructed in 1902 and opened in 1904, later, after several reconstructions and renovation work, it was opened in 1998. If you are interested in the story of Old Bagan, this is the place to be. There are many Bagan objects and relicts, from lying Buddha, sculptures to labeled stones and more... There is also an eleventh c. temple and other large one.
Pahto Gawdawpalin is one of the largest Buddhist monasteries in Bagan, first constructed by King Narapatisithu, later finished by his heir Htilominlo. It is a two-storey 55-meter high building, although the size of the building is quite imposing in comparison to the others, its architecture is not really inspirational.
However, the Gawdawpalin has a truly inspirational history. They say that the Prince's arrogance during the Narapatisithu rule was too great to become unknowing. The Htilominlo is a 46 meter high shrine with a similar architecture to Sulamani Palto. The building was erected by Htilominlo, also known as Nadaungmyar or Zeya Theinkha.
The old tale says that while Narapatisithu needed a follower, his five children were standing in a ring around a blankum-shade. Whoever was shown by the parasol is elected as his follower, and at that point Htilominlo was elected the next queen.
It was erected on the site where Htilominlo was elected and probably this is the main purpose of the temple's name. Outside the template has carved mystic figures like aggresses, makara marine beasts. In the interior, the visitor can see four large Buddha pictures on each side of the sanctuary.
Hisnyet Nyima Paya & Hisnyet Ama Pahto (some call them hisnyet sister temples) are very interesting because they are two churches to be constructed by Hisnyet Queen Sisters: Hisinnyet Ama (as "Elder Sister") is a sanctuary, while his sister Nyima (as "Younger Sister") is a dove.
There are four gateways with lace on the patios, decorated with ornamental scarves. At the other side, the sideboard is a three-terraceupa with a bell-shaped top, decorated with formed ribbons and organ-pendant.