Bagan Pagodas HistoryHistory of Bagan Pagodas
The Ananda Pagoda Festival takes place every year between January and February. Constructed by Narathu. According to myth, the emperor was threatening to mutilate the bricklayer who had made it if the emperor found even a small gap between the tiles. The Shwezigon is one of the most intriguing and a must in Bagan.
Constructed by Alaungsithu, the twin-storey building. The highest of the Bagan pagodas, it is characterized by its uniquely experiential character. Apart from these stamps of glory, walking off the well-trodden paths you will find secret sanctuaries and pagodas in the background of the Irrawaddy Warren.
What can you do about Bagan? Take a trip in a Bagan aeroplane - the most intriguing way to see Bagan. By taxi (A/C) - the simplest and most convenient way to visit the temple with an English speaker. Horseriding and cart tours - this is for those who enjoy the romantic, who like to discover new trails and secret caves.
Best of all, Bagan's stamps allow you to wander around as many nights as you like right after paying the $20 admission charge, but always keep your tickets with you, especially when you are checking into a room.
Magnificent historical Buddhist temples of Bagan in Myanmar
Bagan Temple in Myanmar is our fifth stop in Journeys to Discovery. The majority of these splendid historic shrines were erected between the eleventh and thirteenth century in the wealthy kingdom of Pagan. In this time more than 10,000 buddhistic churches, pagodas and convents were erected in the Bagan Plain alone.
Not only is Bagan remarkable for the mere scale and number of sacred monuments, but also for the amazing architectonic accomplishments that these are. Her significant contributions to the entire construction of Burma's ancient churches show the skills and talents of these ancient trades. It is here that the traveller finds the greatest concentrations of buddhistic monasteries, pagodas and stupas on earth.
Bagan's wealthy industry constructed over 10,000 shrines between the eleventh and thirteenth century. Remaining monasteries no longer show the bright colours that these patterns showed in the past. Just like the classic Greek and Roman style of building, its origins have long gone down in history. Over the course of the ages, the airborne dirt and sandy debris in Bagan has replaced much of the plaster covering on these imposing designs.
Visitors will often see an almost gold coloured goddess when the sunlight hits these memorials. We have reconstructed a new gold plated coupé in its initial form. Bagan was established according to Burma's history in the 2. cent. A.D. The area was eventually established in 849 A.D. by King Pyinbya.
It was the legacy of the thirty-fourth descendant of the early Bagan. However, most scholars believe that Bagan was founded by the Mranma (Burmese) in the middle to end of the ninth cent. King Anawratha united Burma under Theravada Buddhism in the middle of the ninth millennium.
During this time Bagan became for the first time a focal point in the nation's history. Between 1044 and 1287 Bagan was the capitol and the pagan empire's centre of politics, economy and culture. Throughout these 250 years Bagan flourished and expanded in its greatness.
Student and monk were drawn to Bagan from areas such as India, Sri Lanka and the Khmer Empire. Throughout this period, the site, which ultimately covered more than 40 km2 (104 km2), became a huge site for a large number of churches and other kinds of building.
Today, the vast vast majority of the temple is limited to an area of about 16 sqm. In the Middle Ages, the glory of these monuments began to be felt throughout Asia. Bagan was described as a gold-plated town, lively with ringing bell and the rushing sound of the monk's vestments. It is controversial among scholars that he himself has ever been to Burma.
Marcus Polo goes on and tells the stories of a Bagan emperor who constructed two renowned spires. One of them, erected to remember his rule, was gold and the other silvery. The Ananda Temple or the Shwesandaw Pagoda could be one of these celebrated literature spires if the plot is true.
One more picture of Bagan at sunrise. Bagan's Golden Age actually ended in 1287, when the kingdom and perhaps the capitol itself was raided and plundered by Mongolian troops. The latest research suggests that the Mongols may not have made Bagan, but the harm to the empire was unmistakeable.
Bagan's populations, between 50,000 and 200,000, have now been cut to a small part of their number. An old mansion in Old Bagan. At the end of 1297 Bagan officially stopped visiting Burma's capitol. The former inhabitants are located a few kilometres further southwards in the city of New Bagan.
In spite of its historic importance and the unbelievable Buddhist temple collections found in Bagan, it has not been declared a World Heritage Site. Irrespective of the current name, the miracles of Bagan are comparable to Angkor Wat, the Egyptian Pontiffs, Abu Simbel, the Prohibited City, the Pontiffs of Tartihuacan and similar places.
And Ananda is regarded as the most magnificent sanctuary in Bagan. The Chanthar Pagoda near Ananda has a distinctive architecture. The Sulamani church was erected by Narapat in 1183. The exterior wall of this sanctuary is beautifully adorned. The Sulamani is one of a kind of Bagan building, with wonderful pictures on the wall and roof of the building.
Duammayangyi is the biggest pyramidal sanctuary in Bagan. It was erected in 1167 by King Narathu after he had killed his own family. Whatbyinnyu is the highest of the temples in Bagan, 61m high. Whatbyinnyu is the highest one. The gold towers and the rich ornaments provide an impressing look over the country.
Histilo Milo was made by King Zeya Theinkha. It is known for its architectonic symmetrical and balanced architecture, as well as the myth of the great silver parasol and its part in the king's successor. The Shwezigon Pagoda was erected in 1102 by King Anawrahta and King Kyansittha. The Bupaya Pagoda gives the traveller a different view of old Bagan.
Online ticket sales through Sara Travels and Tours the (Bagan Travel Bureau). Burma considers the Bagan Temple holy. It' even installed in some of the most beloved churches, but many West European visitors still disregard the buddhistic sentiments. In order to access the temple, you are required to take off your footwear as a token of your appreciation.
With the airplane - visitors can travel from Yangon or Mandalay to Bagan. The Nyaung U International is the gate to the Bagan area. Passenger carriers serving this flight are Golden Myanmar Airline, Mann Yadanarpon Airline, Asian Wings and Myanmar National Airline. Ensure that you already have a Bagan Archaeological Passport or are planning to buy one at the above mentioned prices.
Sundown Bagan Plains. It takes about 15 to 20 min to New Bagan and costs between 7000 and 10,000 Kie. Travellers who have more travelers' days can come to New Bagan by the following means of transport: Trains - The journey takes about 18h from Yangon.
There are two flights a day from Mandalay to Bagan. It takes 7 to 10h. Coming from Mandalay, the drive takes only 5 hrs if you use the extended services (8,500 kyat). It takes about 9 hrs from Yangont. With the boat - There is a day to day delivery from Mandalay to Bagan in 8 to 9h.
There' s a slow boat that can be bought for only about $10 US dollars, but takes 14 to 17h. It is an asset in the warm and moist Myanmar weather. Ballons over Bagan cost about 320 US$ and Bagan balancing for 350 US$, but there will be fewer than that.