Bagan PagodasPagodas Bagan
Formerly a great force in Southeast Asia, Bagan is home to over two thousand Buddha Schools, symbolising Burma's historical and cultural heritage. Bagan, the old capitol, is located in the Mandalay area of a land called Myanmar, which is recognised as such by the United Nations.
Some of the world's great nations, however, such as the United Kingdom and the United States, formally call the people Burma under its former name. Causes of the two titles are involved in the country's rich historical politics, but in a nutshell, the name'Myanmar' is favoured by the Burmese army that ruled the state from the end of the 1980s to 2010, and'Burma' is preferred by the pro-democracy opponents.
Myanmar " is used for the purpose of this unit, and Myanmar " for the land and Myanmar " for the tongue, folk and civilization of the nations. Bagan began its rise under King Anawrahta in the eleventh cent. although it was built here in the past few hundred years.
Bagan's fast pace of expansion was due to two main drivers. First the Burmese vanquished the rivalling Mon Empire in the struggle under King Anawrahta, enabling him to strengthen his rulers. Secondly, King Anawrahta was converting to Buddhism and had a need for temporary Buddhist shrines, and many of them. In the following centuries, Bagan was nicknamed the "Land of a Thousand Pagodas".
'' Until the end of the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries, more than 4,000 monuments were erected in and around the imperial town. Although many of them have since been ruined and ruined by man-made force, more than 2,000 ancient churches and other monuments have survived to this date, competing with the more renowned archeological monuments of Angkor in neighbouring Cambodia.
In Bagan, the population practised a type of Buddhism, Theravada Buddhism. This is the most frequent type of Buddhism in South-East Asia. There are two major kinds of Bagan architecture: the temple and the stupa. The Bagan Temple is one of the most beautiful of South East Asia's architectonic style. The vaults have circular, quadratic shapes around the shrine and are carried by arched vaults that radiate outwards to create the appearance of a X. The vaults have a curved arch.
Oven-baked tile and plaster form the temple interiors. Archeologists know that the tiles were made outside Bagan and transported across the Irrawaddy River, as each tile bears a seal of the town in which it was made. It is said that the external structures of the rising, pointed temple spires mirror the form of Mount Meru, the mythic home of the hinduistic deities, which is also kept holy by the buddhists as the centre of the earth.
Ananda is by far the most renowned sanctuary in Bagan. One of the biggest Buddhist monasteries in Bagan, it is regarded by some as a masterpiece, with a call as the Westminster Abbey of Burma. The ananda is completely symmetric, and its white painted outer wall and gold plated tower give it a distinctive look.
It is a temporary building with an architectural design linked to both the Mon and Myanmar, which reflects the important historical shift in government from one to the other. Although the Ananda is almost 1,000 years old, it has been in use by Buddhists since its construction and is an important icon of Burma's people.
A pagoda, also known as a stupa, is another striking feature of Bagan's architecture. Whilst a temple is designed to receive the believers, a stupa is usually strong and has no doorway; instead, it often houses important relicts, surviving parts of the Buddha's or other Buddhist statues.