Bagan Myanmar BurmaMyanmar Burma
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Nyaung-U, Myanmar (Burma)
Probably a miraculous capital of artistic, shining peaks of churches, the former town of Bagan on the plain of downtown Burma is perhaps even more enigmatic and enigmatic, as it is a breathtaking ruins. The capital of the Pagan Empire with well over 10,000 Buddhist shrines, Stupa and Pagoda.
Finally, the town was ruined by catastrophes and raging Mongolian races that made the city's Buddhists easy to work. In the course of the ages thousand of shrines and palaces fell under their own influence or were damaged, so that today only a little more than 2,000 of the buildings remained.
Almost impossible to decorate, the ancient monasteries that protrude from the leafy plain look like the works of a forgotten civilisation, and although this is not necessarily the case, as many of the people of Bagan would witness the generation that built contemporary Myanmar, a feeling of secrecy still permeates the town.
Today, the 26 sq. km. area of ancient buildings, which are still under monumental protection, is made up of several thousand shrines and sacred relics, some of which are completely dilapidated, while many others almost look as if they have not even grown old a year. You can visit Bagan on walking and have an amazing view of the old town, although the most popular way to visit the remains (now known as Bagan Archaeological Zone technically) is the warm-ballon.
Ballooning is available to take the visitor to a viewpoint from which he can see the thousand sanctuaries at once.
The Bagan Plains, on the east shore of the powerful Irrawaddy River in downtown Burma, covers an area of about sixteen sq km and is home to the world's most exceptional temple ritual. Enjoy 2000 Buddha Schools, Buddha Schools, Basilica and Pagoda on an area of only 13 x 8 km.
The city was initially home to over 10,000 different religions, and it was erected in the eleventh and twelfth century by Bagan's rich and powerful family. Bagan Temple was made out of timber or rock - the timber structure is long gone and many of the stonebuildings are in shatter.
Those that are still untouched, however, show the evolution of Burma's template architecture. Two main styles - the sturdy temples styled stator and the Gu type caves. Bagan's pagoda or pagoda evolved early pyu shapes, extending the semi-spherical shape into a longer cylindric shape and then into a bell-shaped shape.
It is the symbol of the buddhistic universe, whose form symbolizes the holy mountain Meru. Former pyu styles had a stem on the stupa that wore several ceremony shields that represented the global center. Bagan's Stupas substituted the canopies with a row of smaller and smaller circles piled on top of each other, ascending to a point with a Lotus and later a Bananap iformus.
Often the Stupa hosted a reliquary or were just a memorial. Bagan's cast or cavity brackets evolved from mostly one-sided layouts to four-sided textures. An individual alcove, perhaps containing an externally visible symbol, has grown in its complexities into an opening or an entryway, which ultimately resulted in four-opening constructions - one to each of the northern, southern, eastern and western points of the compass.