Ayeyarwady Myanmar NewsMyanmar Ayeyarwady News
Myo Thit underlined the importance of the importance of the importance of irrigation for the country's economic and social life and emphasized the need for sustainable use of this vital source of resources. Rivers Department of Hydrological Resources and Rivers Management carries out measures to protect rivers against degradation and to improve and embellish rivers in order to rescue the same.
WWF Myanmar said the results of a survey it carried out from the Ayeyarwady estuary to its estuary, as well as the current situation of those who live along the Ayeyarwady estuary, will be presented to the Union administration. Debates on the results of the Myanmar Economics Report will take place for the second year in the towns of Mandalay, Monywa, Pathein and Pyay, said Dr Hannah Baleta, WWF Myanmar's River in the Economics Co-ordinator.
It added that preparatory work is underway for a trial in the city of Myitkyina, near the well. In May 2017, the status of the stream and an economical evaluation of the stream began and will end in August 2018.
Ayeyarwady's fish shop as industrial reform failed
In Ayeyarwady, the recent departure of a Ayeyarwady regional ministry has raised doubts about the prospects for fishing reform, in which the lease contracts have been withdrawn by locals and awarded to groups of fishers. Inwaterways in most parts of Myanmar are commonplace. The Ayeyarwady region is different. Tendering is carried out for licenses, which represent the largest income stream for the Ayeyarwady region governmen.
In a January 2017 survey by the Renaissance Institute, an National League for Democracy think tanks, it was found that the fishing licenses accounted for 56 per cent of the overall revenues of the provincial governments, without transfer from the state. However, the system has been at the expense of the municipalities, many of which have been obstructed by municipal waters.
The Pyapon and Dedaye Fishery Management Fund Trust and a 2011-2014 implementation of the Pyapon and Dedaye Fishery Management Programme found that fishing policy and legislation, and the tendering system included, are "unequal" and favour "rich and strong groups in the retail sector" at the cost of small fishers or land-less peasants.
The injustice about fishing stocks has led to conflicts and rage that have sometimes led to deaths. Reportedly, in October 2012, fishermen from a fishing shop in Kyonepyaw Township are said to have slaughtered a fishermen after he intervened in their licence; his deaths caused an uprising and the cops shot the multitude and murdered two more.
Soon after the National League for Democracy took over in March 2016, U Ba Hein, the Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Natural Resources, announces comprehensive changes to the fishing permit system to strengthen small-scale fishing and alleviate extreme levels of deprivation. However, fishing entrepreneurs - known as innthargyi - have resisted and complained to Nay Pyi Taw that the changes made by Ba Hein were inadmissible.
Ba Hein has now disappeared - he retired in January, allegedly for reasons of good healthcare - and Ayeyarwady's fishing industries are at a watershed again. Are business people or fisherman going to win through? The Ayeyarwady region was recently headed by a general called Thura Shwe Mann, who was later to act as Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's parliamentarian spokesman and advisor.
In Tharpaung, one of the companies, Ayeyar Shwe Wah, was awarded major licences for the cultivation of the plant. Contracted agriculture did not go well and soon Ayeyar Shwe Wah concentrated instead on the shipping routes, which were sublet to regional businessmen with links to administration and army officers. Whereas fishing was previously rented out, peasants were now also prevented from using even their own river.
Fisherman were totally frostbitten; without watering, the peasants could only harvest once a year during the rainy time. Meanwhile, the State Peace and Development Council, the armyjunta has slightly eased its policies and opened the streams to the people. However, the seas and pools stayed in the firm ownership of the restaurant Thargyi, the fishing entrepreneur group.
This means until soon after the NLD took over. Ba Hein, the new secretary, was an agriculturalist who was well acquainted with the policy of the former states. In the past, Ba Hein held past politics responsible for the impoverishment of Ayeyarwady's peasant population. That is why they lived below the breadline," he said on January 11, two day after his retirement from the presidency was heralded.
He was joined by a group of NLD -backed community fishers who stood up for the right to catch some of the smaller lakes. The complainants were unable to rival shopkeepers for licenses because the Ministry of Fisheries declined to do so. A decree was adopted in August 2016 to cancel all licenses for which the royalty was less than CZK 3 million and open them to co-operatives of communal Fischer.
Prior to his resignation, Ba Hein also started a revision of the Ayeyarwady region's freshwater fishery law. LIFT spokesman said that the Network Activity Group, a non-governmental organisation involved in the fishery administration scheme, had been asked about the changes tabled in the RFMO. These changes would establish a joint fishery exploitation scheme aimed at "improving small-scale fishermen's accessibility to site licenses and environment protection regulations," the spokesman said.
Mr Ba Hein said that from April 2017, when the small pond licenses were reissued, 8,367 fishers were granted the right to catch and he estimated that 40,000 beneficiaries. He also said that 8,000 migratory labourers had come back to the Ayeyarwady region because of new possibilities in the fisheries world.
A fishing enthusiast from the community of Tharbaung, U Ahsan, along with 90 other community fishers, obtained a licence for a small stream near his community of Kyonetadin. He said he expected even greater effects in the next call for tenders later this year as the authorities plan to grant licenses to more than 10,000 single fishers.
At Tharpaung, the licensees declined to renegotiate joint entry to three waters - Kyeebin, Khenan and Thittaya - with locals as this was a breach of the freshwater fishing law. Ba Hein, when he heard of this, sent a note to the Director of the Ministry of Fisheries urging him to revoke the license from the current owners and hand it over "to locals and fishers at the current level of fishing income".
Said this was allowed under paragraph 50(b) of the Act, which grants the right to revoke licenses "for the need or interest of the region". Danuphyu-1 NLD legislator U Aung Naing Tun said that Ministry of Fisheries and General Administration officers had tried to prevent Ba Hein's political overhaul.
By the time there was conflict between business people and fishers, locals were refusing to interfere and help solve the problem. Ayeyarwady Regional Department of Veteran Affairs Chief Executive Nyunt Wai turned down any comments on the reproach. He would only give information if there were 1 771 fishing locations in the area rented to privately owned owners.
When the new policies were implemented, the entrepreneurs concerned lodged official grievances with the trade unions in Nay Pyi Taw. President's Office spokesman U Zaw Htay refused to comment on the result. The businessmen organized a protests in Pathein in November, in which around 100 persons took part, asking the presidency and the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation to withdraw the order.
However, Ba Hein said that the "complaints of the rich" had no effect. I' m standing up for the grass roots," he said. He had had it since 2008, when he withdrew from the Veterinary Office, which belonged to the same department as the Department of Agriculture and Forestry. Myanmar Federation Myanmar Trade Federation Secretaire U Win Kyaing said they had contributed to the development of the Ayeyarwady region's fishing industries by warning against demeanour.
But he said that the focus of the sector's sustainable development had not been enough for retail investment, and correcting this should be the government's objective. At the beginning of January, Ba Hein informed the press of his retirement and was re-elected by the presidency on 9 January. U Win Htay, U Secretary of State for Electricity, Industrial Affairs and Transport, said Ba Hein was a "well-trained and highly reliable" minist.
"`He worked tirelessly to enhance the reputation of the Kabinett of the Ayeyarwady region,` he said. The Ayeyarwady Hluttaw Region Deputy Speaker U San Min Aung (NLD, Bogale-2) said while Ba Hein's policy has "a beneficial influence on the bottom line fishermen", he also has "some shortcomings because he is getting old". U Nyan Win, a member of the NLD Central Committee, said the NLD had not heard any grievances from the Ayeyarwady region about Ba Hein and had not compelled him to step down.
Spokesman for the presidential office, Zaw Htay, refused to take a position and referred only to the January 9 announcements. Departing from Ba Hein has caused concerns among the anglers who have profited from his policy. Mr. U Hla Myint was a landlocked occasional worker until April 2017, when he was borrowing funds and joining a co-operative of other inhabitants of the town of Sa Thwar to apply for a fishing leasehold that had been terminated by an owner.
He was heartbroken when he got the message. "We' re worried because we' re not sure whether this licensing system they have put in place for fishers at the bottom is going to last. Mr Ba Hein said he did not agree with her reservations. I am sure they will hear the voices of the grass-roots people," he said.