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Myanmar's Irrawaddy Delta, a fast-decaying mongoose forrest.
Burma is a well-known hotspot in Southeast Asia for mangroves lost through fish farming, agricultural activities and deforestation. HCVs are often described by scientists as one of the most severely damaged anthropogenic mangroves or protected areas they have ever seen. The MKWS is a 53 square kilometre conservation area in the extreme southwest of Myanmar. Myanmar, IRRAWADDY DELTA - In a land of increasingly threatened forest, the Irrawaddy Delta of Myanmar is home to one last valuable eco-label: the rainforest:
My ma-hla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary. The Irrawaddy Delta is the biggest mangroves left in the land at 46 per cent, but here too the unparalleled variety of tree species is quickly vanishing and the effects are disastrous. Burma is a well-known hotspot in Southeast Asia for mangroves lost through fish farming, agricultural activities and deforestation.
One of the most populous areas in Myanmar, with an estimated 7.7 million inhabitants, much of the Irrawaddy rainforest is man-made. Remaining of the mangroves over the 13,500 sq. m. of the deltas was not enough to act as a buffers when the fatal cyclone Nargis struck in 2008.
The Irrawaddy Delta in 2008 if the rainforest had been untouched, analysts believe that it could have rescued tens of thousand of lives. Today there is a small, firm chestnut wood in a nature reserve. "If you look at Google Earth, there is only one remaining leafy area in Myanmar's Irrawaddy Delta, My-ma-hla Kyun Wild-life Sanctuary (MKWS)," says Narissa Bax, marine fauna and flora international Myanmar.
The MKWS is a 53 square kilometre large natural reservation in Bogale Township in Irrawaddy Division. My Ma Hla, which means pretty Burmese lady, is an area known for its varied mangroves and salt water crocodile family. This Shrine was founded in 1986. It has, however, been described as one of the most demoted of all the mangroves or natural reserves that many scientists have ever seen.
Jean W.H. Yong, a consulting expert on mangroves with a backdrop in researching the biological variety of mangroves and the sustainability of farming, said in a August 2016 Fauna and Flora International Myanmar article. Yong says that MKWS has a strongly disrupted plantation of mangroves with a high level of mangroves flora.
This means that the very varied forests suffer from intense logging caused by people. According to Yong's account, there is no uninterrupted and old mangroves at MKWS. In spite of man-made disturbances, MKWS still contains an amazing 29 types in a relatively small area in the Irwaddy.
It also identifies the causes of forest degradation at MKWS and the surroundings for converting lands into paddy paddies, a government-sponsored self-sufficient activities, as well as the gathering of fuelwood for boiling, shrimping and fishing and for sale at the fuelwood stores in Bogale and Yangon, Myanmar's largest trading centre.
The MKWS and the area were mangroves before they were turned into paddy paddies about 40 years ago, and village residents depend on growing rices, catching fish and gathering timber from the reserve. "There is no way to hold the village inhabitants responsible for this behaviour, this is the system we work with, especially after Cyclone Nargis, the humans are severely deprived and depend strongly on the sanctuary," said Flora and Fauna's Bax.
MKWS has no inhabitants, but there are more than 30 towns on the two shores around it. It is only a 15-minute cruise across the MKWS waterway with an estimate of 600 inhabitants. Ohn Kywe said that MKWS is a large area and they just don't have enough personnel to patrol, but they try their best.
You don't have to go to the MKWS to see the harm to the Shrine. Every few meters, a boot taxicab along the bank of the MKWS can be used to cut an aisle through the shrubs and into the shrine, and to cut down saplings. MYINT WIN has been a boatman here since 1999 and has long seen village people sell the wood just to live.