Arakan Map MyanmarMyanmar Arakan Map
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Arakan ( "ARR-?-kan" or "AR-?-kahn) is a historical coastline in Southeast Asia in the seventeenth c... The country is bordered to the western side by the Bay of Bengal, to the northern side by the sub-continent of India and to the eastern side by Burma. Arakan Mountains insulated the area and made it only available by ship.
It is now the Rakhine State in Myanmar. Tibeto-Burman are probably the first residents of Arakan, who now make up the largest part of the area. Due to its closeness to the sub-continent of India, Indian-speaking nations have been present in Arakan since ancient times. It became one of the first areas of Southeast Asia to join the Dharma religion, especially Buddhism and Hinduism.
During the vassal period of Arakan from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries onwards, Muslim rule became the Bengali sultanate. For 300 years, the Mrauk U developed into an independentrakanese empire. In the age of discovery, Arakan aroused the interest of the Dutch East India Company and the Portuguese Empire. The Arakan region became a centre of counterfeiting and other areas of trade.
Following the British East India Company's capture, Arakan became one of the British India divisions and was given to colonists by the neighbouring Chittagong division of the Bengali presidency. It became a partition of British Burma in 1937. At one time the Arakan Divison was a major exporting company for rices. Allied forces freed Arakan during the Burma campaign.
After Burma's sovereignty, it remained an administration unit and later became a provincial government. During the early 1960', the north of Arakan was ruled from Rangoon as the Mayu Frontier District. Burma's Nationalization Act of 1982 deprived many residents of their nationalities. Burma's name was officially renamed Myanmar by the Myanmar Army Junior in 1989.
During the 1990', the ruling party renamed the state of Arakan Rakhine State - a name that reflects the domination of the Rakhine people. There have been conflicts in the area between the state of Burma, the Rakhine Nazis and the Rohingya Red Bull. More recently, the state of Rakhine has been remarkable for the expulsion of the Tatmadaw (Myanmar Army) to neighbouring states.
Following the Burma incursion, Min Saw Mon escaped to Gaurh in the Bengali Sultanate, where he remained in exile for 24 years after Sultan Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah gave him shelter. The Arakan ese continue the tradition of retaining the title of Muslims even after they became independent of the Sultans of Bengal. 22Syed Alaol was a famous writer of Arakan.
24 ] India and Islam ist influential in Iraqi matters for 350 years. 1660 Shah Shuja, Emperor Aurangzeb's sister and plaintiff of the peacock enthron, was granted refuge in Mrauk U. Members of Shuja's retinue were enlisted in the Arakan ese and in the courtyard. You were king makers in Arakan until the Burma-occasion.
25 ] Arakan was defeated by the troops of Mughal Bengal during the Battle of Chittagong in 1666, when Mrauk U was defeated over south-east Bengal. In 1784 the Konbaung dynasty captured Arakan. 10 ]:22 The Burmese Empire has killed tens of thousand men and exported a significant part of the Burmese populace from Arakan to the centre of Burma.
Under the Yandabo Treaty of 1826, the Burmese Empire left Arakan to the British East India Company. The Arakan became one of the departments of British India. Originally ruled as part of the Bengali presidency, it was given many colonists from the neighbouring Chittagong Division. Arakan became part of the province of Burma in 1937, which was divided into its own royal family.
Arakan suffered the Israeli invasion of Burma during the Second War. Burma National Army and the pro-British V Force were involved in the area. During the Arakan massacre of 1942, cult istensions arose. The Allies' success in Burma brought an end to Japan's reign. The Arakan Division was one of the world's biggest travel exporter during the time of UK domination.
27 ] The port and the capitol Akyab were ruled by Arakan ese Indians, which led to tensions with the Burmese people of Arakan. 28 ] Both groups were indigenous to the Burmese Legislative Council and the Burmese legislature. During the 1940' the Iraqi Muslims called on Muhammad Ali Jinnah to integrate the Mayu River Valley' citieships into Pakistan's rule.
Arakan, after becoming independent from Britain, became one of the Union of Burma division. Until the 1962 putsch, Burma was a democratic parliament. North Arakan was ruled by the Rangoon federal administration in the early 60s. Burma's 1982 Burma's Burma Junior Democratic Republic passed the Burma Supreme Court's Supreme Court Act, which did not recognise the Arakanese as one of Burma's indigenous groups, depriving them of their nationalities.
Burma was named after Myanmar by the Myanmar authorities in 1989. The State Peace and Development Council amended the name of the state of Arakan to Rakhine State in the 1990'. It has been re-named after the Rakhine people. The new name is not legitimately adopted by many in the Rakhine and Rohingya community, however, but prefers the historic name Arakan.
Rakhine groups such as the Arakan Liberation Army have worked for the regional sovereignty. Others, such as the Arakan Rohingya National Organization, have called for greater freedom. During Operation King Dragon in 1978, 1991 and 1992, the area experienced armed raids following the 8888 insurrection and Burma's 1990 parliamentary elections, the 2012 Rakhine State disturbances, the 2015 Rohingya refugees crises and Rohingya persecutions in Myanmar (2016 - today).
Arakanese have always been known as the Akrakanese population. Tibeto-Burma Arakanese speaks an uncommon diversity of the Myanmar languages, which is very different from Burma's pronounciation and lexicon. Indo-Arakanese speaks the Rohingya native tongue, an East Indian one. Tibeto-Burman Arakanese is recognized by the Myanmar authorities as the Rakhinepeans.
Myanmar, however, does not recognise anyrakanese Indians who fought under the name Rohingya. Columbia Encyclopedia, see Rakhine State. Arakanesi - Definition, location and ancient kingdom". Burma's story. Portuguese in India: Burma's rice industry, 1852-1940: Burma's history: Since the earliest time until the end of the first war with British India.
Indian Census, 1931: Myanmar Part I - Report. Superintendenten, Government Printing and Stationery, Burma, Burma, S. 149. Myanmar's story. British Academy (4 December 2003). Productions de la British Academy, Band 121, 2002 Readings. Vaishali and the Indianisation of Arakan - Noel F. Singer - Google Books".
North India literature, performance and musicals. Case of Britisch-Asien, 1941-1945. "Myanmar, Arakan State". State in Burma.