Ancient BurmaOld Burma
Ava, ancient Myanmar.
The old capitol of Burma, located on the west shore of the Irrawaddy River at the junction of the Mytitnge. It was selected in 1364 by the Shans, who followed the pagan family. Situated in the Kyaukse region in the southwest of Myanmar, the Shans were able to monitor the flow of rices from the Kyaukse area. This became essential after the loss of the country's traditionally cultivated paddy land to a Mon state.
The village blossomed until 1527 when it was ruined by a rivalling group of Shans. It became Myanmar's capitol again under the Toungoo family in 1634. Though it was given to Mons in 1752, Alaungpaya, Myanmar's guide, found it again; but he selected Shwebo (60 miles[100 km] north) as his city.
Ava was the capitol when Alaungpaya established the Konbaung family ((1765-83 and 1823-37). Despite the fact that the Austro-Hungarian Empire often moved to different cities and constructed Amarapura (1783) and Mandalay (1857), its headquarters has always been called the "court of Ava" by the outside world. As of the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries, Europeans used the word ava as a symbol for Burma in the north and centre.
The Taungoo dictatorship is a mighty kingdom?
After the Ming Kingdom during the Bayinnaung rule, supported by western firearms, Portugal's mercenary, newly discovered marine riches in the era of research and unanticipated success with its neighbors made Taungoo a mighty imperium. However, an kingdom so focused on one individual passed away together with the demise of Bayinnaung.
Decade long battles depleted the treasure chamber, the labor force and all available allegiance of many mighty minions who wiped out the empire within a few years of the reigning king's demise.
burma ancient: solar, of a form that was neither a Muslim cupola nor a tip of a Hindust-table. "That is Burma, and it will be very different from any country you know." A 3-week trip through Burma exploring Burma's wealth of archeology and cultural heritage. We' ll be flying to Yangon, formerly known as Rangoon, the capital of Burma (also known as Myanmar).
At Yangon we go to the stunning Chaukhtagyi pit with its solid lying Buddha and spent our free day discovering the amazing Shwedagon area. There is a 76 carats diamonds in the top of the motherboard. At Yangon we also go to the Sule Pagode, take a stroll in Mahabandoola Park and discover the 200 stores of Bogyoke Town.
Then we will travel to Sittwe, the seaport of Rakhine State, the former capitol of the independent empire of Arakan. Mrauk U Dynasty, which was settled in this area, took 352 years. After exploring the small village of Sittwe, we take a rivercruise to the island of Ponnagyun along the Kaladan River to Mrauk-U.
Afterwards we will discover the ancient Mrauk-U pagoda, churches and other sacral structures. After Mrauk-U we drive to Vesali and then 22 km to the ancient capitol Dhanyawadi. This is Mahamuni with its splendid monument.
Next morning we head to Mandalay, the last pre-Burma capitol by the British Raj. We' ll be visiting the magnificent Mahamuni Pagoda, visiting a silkwoven tradition, exploring the Shwenandaw Monastery and seeing the Kuthodaw Pagoda. On Mandalay Hill we enjoy a magnificent panoramic tour of the town and a stunning panoramic look at the setting sun.
From Amarapura, 12 km from Mandalay, we go to Bagaya Convent before heading to Lake Taugthaman and visiting some fabric mills and crafts. From Mandalay we take our own personal Riverboat for a Ayeyerwady River tour to Nyaung United, where we drive to Bagan.
Situated on a powdery plains, this stunning ruins capitol of the twelfth century has 5000 stupa and sanctuaries and is Burma's first archeological site. A series of couples and Stupa, among them the Ananda Temple with its renovated Buddhas. The Mt Popa, a tempestuous mound with a series of scenic convents, is also worth a trip.
Next we take a flight from Bagan to Heho, where we are taken to Nyaungshwe, the capital on Inle Lake. Afterwards we will visit the swimming pools, the fisherman and the stilted cottages. We' ll take a cruise on the shores of the Inle Sea to the remains of Indein, an important center of the Pa-o-folk.
We' ll also discover the Nga Phe Kyaung Monastery and various lake side workshop activities that deal with silks, sterling silks, sterling silks, golden and cotten. Departure ends with a return to Yangon (Rangoon). This is where we stop for a drinks at the Strandhotel. It will be guided by Dr. Bob Hudson, who has been doing archeological research in Burma for over 15 years and has been travelling the land for over 10 years.
Mr. Beyreuther is an assistant at the Archaeological Department of Sydney University and a guest professor at the Field School of Archaeology in Burma. We depart Sydney in the mornings and arrive in Bangkok in the early afternoons. This is where we combine with our connecting flights which arrive in Yangon (Rangoon) in the early evenings.
After a quiet breakfast (or exploring the area near our hotel) we drive in the early evening to the Chaukhtatgyi Pagoda with a solid lying Buddha. Afterwards we will go to the Shwedagon Pagoda, where we will see the shimmering gold towers, mysterious Buddha pictures and countless Buddhist monasteries of fanciful designs.
The splendid gold shrouded in colour, which rises over 100 meters into the clear skies, is the dominant feature. Yangon Today we are exploring further Yangon attractions. Starting with the quiet Sule Pagode, we drive to Mahabandoolaola Park with the Independence Monument and visit Bogyoke Market, which has over 2000 stores with the widest range of Burma arts and crafts in the state.
On the way we eat in a tavern and savour the many Yangon farmhouses. Flight from Yangon to Sittwe - discover the town In the mornings we will take a flight to Sittwe in the west of Myanmar, the seaport of Rakhine State. During the Mrauk-U period of 352 years, the Mrauk-U empire followed two former empires and was mighty and power.
After lunch we discover the small village of the city. Mrauk-U We take a river cruise on the powerful Kaladan River and then close tributary rivers to Mrauk-U. On the way we will stop at the island of Ponnagyun, the site of a great sea battles between the Arakanese and the Portuguese from the seventeenth cent.
Mrauk-U Today we start our discovery of the beautiful panorama towers, churches and sacral monuments of the old town of Mrauk-U. In the mornings we drive 10 km to Vesali, where we take a stroll through the town. After another 22 kilometers we reach the ancient capitol Dhanyawadi.
In the Old Town we find the Mahamuni Sanctuary, the pristine site of Mandalay's famed Mahamuni Buddha (which we will be visiting later in our program), with its great collections of sculptures from the first millennium AD. During the afternoons we are visiting the old King's Palaces, the near situated museums, the Luckkauk Zee Abbey, the Bandoola Abbey, the old entrance to the town and the Ko Thaung Theatre.
Mrauk-U Free This is a free time to learn more about Mrauk-U. You have the choice between a stroll over paddy fields or a visit to the mediaeval city's architectural heritage. Mrauk-U - Sittwe - Yangon We take the boat back to Sittwe and watch amazing scenery on and near the Kaladan Flu.
In the early afternoons we will fly back to Yangon. Yangon - Flights to Mandalay After morning breakfasts transfers to the Mandalay International Airfield for an early morning trip. At Mandalay we attend the magnificent Mahamuni Pagoda, which contains the revered Mahamuni picture that was brought to Mandalay from the Mahamuni Temple in Dhanyawadi in 1784.
Checking in at our motel we see our famous silks hop, visiting Shwenandaw Monastery (famous for its fine wooden constructions and carvings) and exploring the Kuthodaw Pagoda, known as the "Worldâs Biggest Book" for its solid Buddhist scriptural flagstones surrounding a main Stupa. We' ll drive to Mandalay Hill (the nature centre and lookout ) for a panoramic tour of the town and a stunning setting sun.
MANDALAY 11: After breakfasts we go to Amarapura, 12 km from Mandalay. There we will discover various cloisters such as the Bagaya Monastery before heading to Lake Taungthaman, a lake that runs dry in season and leaves fruitful farmland for harvest. In the afternoon we visited some of Amarapura's famous fabric mills and a few garages.
In the mornings we take a full tour with our own boat on the powerful Ayeyarwady River from Mandalay to Nyaung U, the river bank near Bagan. Today we are visiting the splendid remains of this twelfth century capitol with 5000 stupa and wards.
While in Bagan we see: the Shwezigon Pagoda, a model of the later Myanmar Stupa; Wetkyi-in Gubyaukkyi Temple with delicate murals of Jataka scenery; Manuha Temple with its giant Buddha pictures; Nanpaya, a former cabinet with delicate carved stones; and Ananda Temple, excellently restau red with four 9.5 meter high Buddhas pointing outwards from its center.
We' ll go to a paint plant after dinner. Dag 14: Bagan Before we start the early hours of our breakfasts we take a stroll around some near situated churches. Bagan 15: After breakfasts we travel 50 km to Mount Popa, the Mount Olympus of Myanmar and the stunning location of the Nat (ghosts).
In the afternoons, after dinner at Mount Popa Resort, we head back to Bagan and visit as many churches as we can. In the mornings we take a flight from Bagan to Heho on Inle Lake. Today we discover the surroundings of the pond and experience swimming pools, market, iconic walkers, fisherman, Phuang Daw U Paya, stilted houses and beautiful abbeys.
Stage 17: Inle lake This mornings we will take a boating trip to Inle Lakes community of Indein, an important center for the Pa-o tribe, one of the most important tribes in Shan State. More than 1000 dilapidated churches make this ruin one of the most scenic in Burma. In the afternoon, after dinner in a nearby fisherman' s lodge, we explore the area and visit the Nga Phe Kyaung Monastery and a wide range of workshop activities at the area. These include sterling Silver, Golden, Cheroot, Softwood, Softwood, Softwood, Softwood, Softwood, Softwood, and Softwood.
In the mornings there is a free early evening shuttle to Heho for our flights to Yangon. In the afternoons, you may want to take a free break and maybe even relax at the beautiful Raffles of Yangon beach hotel. Sail to Bangkok from Yangon Mingaladon International Airfield with our Thai Airways flights to Bangkok.
Arrival in Sydney We reach Sydney early in the mornings.