Ananda Temple BaganBagan Ananda Temple
Undoubtedly one of Bagan's most temple.
Ananda Temple is one of the most famous and prettiest in Bagan. This was one of the first large temple in Bagan and is well intact. It is located near the Thara Barta, the only one of the 12 gates that have been conserved in the old Bagan wall.
Also called Ananda Pahto and Ananda Phaya, the Ananda Wooden Flooring is a one-storey building erected towards the end of the early Bagan Age. One of the special features of the temple is the gold-plated zikhara, the tower-like lighthouse on the page. You can see the mirror image of the gold-plated zikhara from a distance above the Bagan Plain.
At nightfall, the Ananda Pagoda is illuminated by floodlights that create a mystic ambience. Ananda was destroyed during the 1975 quake and has been comprehensively renovated since then. There is a folklore telling the history of the foundation of the Ananda Temple. At the end of the eleventh centuary, eight Indian friars came to Bagan.
Telling the king of a mythical Himalayan temple, the friars gave the king a view of the king, the temple and the snow-covered area. History and premonition have made a great impression on the king and he has chosen to replica the temple in Bagan. They say that after the completion of the Ananda Temple, the King had the architecture carried out to ensure that something like this could never be built again.
Ananda is an elegance, symmetry and the ground plan of a Grecian crucifix. The towery building was built in northern India and shows Ananda' s original Hindi architecture. There are five recesses on all sides of the shrine that are arranged one above the other, each of which contains a Buddha picture.
In 1990 the scaffold and the sti were gold-plated to indicate the beginning of Ananda's building 9 hundred years before. There are six declining patios on the middle quadratic area. There are many Chinthes on the patios, the mythologic Mythology of Burma Lion, which watch over Buddhist monasteries throughout Burma. At the centre of the white painted texture is a quadratic room with four large Buddha pictures.
Around the centre of the room there is a passage whose wall contains three lines of recesses that capture Buddha pictures in various postures. Some 80 large relief sandstones depict relics from the Gautama Buddha's lifetime around 2,500 years ago. The Ananda Temple is home to a convent known as Ananda Oak Kyaung or Ananda Cloister.
This small convent was constructed in 1137 and its interior features mural paintings from the eighteenth cent. In the temple complex there is a high barrier, in which four large doors with a Stupa allow the entrance to the area. At the centre of the Ananda Pagoda is a large quadratic room in which four splendid Buddha pictures are placed in vaulted niches.
These 9½ meter high gold-plated pictures made of tea wood depict the four former Buddhas who achieved nirwana, namely Kassapa Buddha (south), Kakusandha Buddha (north), Konagamana Buddha (east) and Gautama Buddha (west). Kakusandha Buddha and Kassapa Buddha date from the early twelfth centuries when the Ananda was made.
You are in the Dhammachakka Mudra, a movement of the wheel of Dhamma, the Buddha's ritual. Both the Konagamana and Gautama paintings are in Mandalay design and probably date from the seventeenth cent. after the original paintings were damaged by fire.
Gautama Buddha, the youngest Buddha who was alive 2,500 years ago, is located in the Abhaya Mudra, which speaks of freedom from fear. Konagamana Buddha is holding a small item in his right hands that looks like a contraceptive tablet. The mudra could depict the Buddha's teaching as a remedy for mortal wound.
On the Kassapa picture's face, the look seems to vary from different angles. Before the Gautama picture are two varnished sculptures. King Kyanzittha, the maker of the Ananda in a pious place of reverence for the Buddha, is one of them. Ananda Pagoda's basis and six retreating patios contain the biggest compilation of panels of all Bagan-tempples.
These are terracotta panels with glaze, depicting Jataka storytelling, the story of the Buddha's earlier life. There are 553 panels on one side of the Ananda' s foundation showing the mara, a devil trying to stop the Buddha from achieving illumination. Each terrace contains panels showing a different sequence from a particular Jataka story.
There are 537 tables on the first three patios with a Pali inscription. There is another 375 panels on the top patios with a Mont pronunciation.