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Allytus is a town with communal right in the south of Lithuania.... This is the capitol of Alytus County. The Alytus is the historic center of the area Dz?kija. Situated on the bank of the river Nemunas. Through Alytus lead the main routes connecting Vilnius, Kaunas, Lazdijai (border with Poland) and Hrodna in Belarus.
It has been split into two distinct units for hundreds of years and is made up of two parts that are still often described as Alytus I and Alytus II, the former being a smaller urban center and the latter constituting the center of the center with gardens, micro-districts and industry areas. Its name derives from the name of the village Alytupis in Lithuania.
Local name in other language are German: alite, polish: Alytus was first historically recorded in 1377, when it was recorded in the chronicle of the Marburg Wigand under the name of Alliten. On the Germanic side of the frontier, the Treaty of Lake Melno abandoned the city, but was soon reconquered.
In 15 June 1581, the Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland, Stefan Batory, gave the Magdeburg Law the right to the municipal authorities. Alytus Day is the day the events are held. Up to the divisions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the cityscape was part of the Trakai Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and an important trading centre on the Nemunas River, which served as the principal channel for exports from Lithuania itself.
It was also an important location for one of the king's business bureaux. During the third division of Poland and Lithuania in 1795 the city was split between the Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. Following the Congress of Vienna, it became part of the succession state of the Principality of Poland.
Though the state was associated with a personnel union with Russia, both parts of the city stayed totally separated until the January Uprising of 1863. Poland's independence was abolished after this date, but both parts of the city stayed distinct. At the end of the 19. cent. the city was integrated into a string of russion army units along the eastern Prussian borders.
She was connected to the world by a railroad and a new street. But despite the Russians' efforts to fortify the city, during the First World War, the Central Powers succeeded in conquering the city without any great battles. By 1915, the city was integrated into the so-called Upper East and both parts were reunited into a unified administration unit - for the first in 1795.
After the end of the First World War, the area was still fought over by the recently independence Poles and Lithuania, with the real controls of the Germans being located there. As the Germans retreated at the beginning of 1919, the city was conquered by the Red Army. The city became a battle field on 12 February 1919 for the first battle between the Russians and the Lithuania armed force, which finally took it over.
The city has been part of the Republic of Lithuania ever since. A back-to-back electricity transmission and distribution (HVDC) substation to the western side of Alytus was opened in 2015 to provide an electricity link between Poland and Lithuania (LitPol). Elytaus Naujienos is a regional paper in Alytus. From 18 to 24 August 2009, Alytus organised the Arts Strike Biennale in reaction to Vilnius becoming the European Capital of Culture in 2009.
6 ] The general-purpose Alytus Stadium is currently under building. Here the games of the Eurobasket 2011 Group C took place in Alytus. Alytus received the European Council's Medal of Honor in 2010. The Alytus has a special collection devoted to the vets of the two Afghanistan wars. And Alytus is a partner: ikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Alytus.
Homicide of the Jews of Alytus during the Second World War, on the website of Yad Vashem.